Broiler farming is one of the most profitable livestock businesses in India. Broiler chicken farming can be done in small scale poultry farms to large industrial broiler farms. Broiler chicken is a popular bird in poultry farming in India. Broilers are reared for commercial marketing of the chicken meat and Broilers are small chickens that are 5-6 weeks old. They are tender with flexible bones. Broiler farming needs little investment since it can be grown and marketed within 6 weeks. Broiler farming in India is in boom because of its high demand among the people and also fast return. Because of the adaptation of different technologies Broiler production has been increased remarkably in the last few years.
A model project report of broiler chicken farming for 1000 birds
Scope of Broiler farming in India
Poultry industry provides a cheap source of animal protein that has taken a quantum leap in the last three decades evolving from a near backyard practice to a venture of industrial promotion. The poultry sector in India has undergone a paradigm shift in farming structure and operation. This transformation has involved sizable investments in breeding, hatching, rearing, and also processing. High-quality chicks, equipment, vaccines, and medicines are obtainable. Technically and professionally competent guidance is obtainable to the farmers. The farming management practices have improved and disease and mortality incidences are reduced to a great extent. The poultry industry has created direct and indirect employment for 3 million people.
India is the 5th largest Broiler producer in the world. Though, the per capita availability of poultry meat is far below the ICMR recommendation which is about 11 Kg meats per capita per annum. Farmers no longer find it difficult to market the Broilers as many corporate companies have enabled a suitable rearing environment for the farmers. Since Broiler chickens are slaughtered at the age of 6 to 8 weeks farmers find it easier to rear Broilers. Broilers give adequate employment opportunities to the poultry production system. In the past few years, considerable progress has been made for equipment, vaccines, and technical guidance, etc. Owing to an improvement in farming management practices, the occurrence of mortality has decreased to a great extent. There are institutes providing training to entrepreneurs. Also, there is considerable importance given to Broilers in the national policy, the scope for further development seems good. Broiler chicken farming in India had well developed in the recent past as people from villages, towns, and cities are preferring chicken meat in day to day life.
Advantages of broiler farming
- Broiler meat contains more amounts of proteins and also essential amino acids when you compare other meats. When you compare with the other meat, Broiler meat consists of less fat and cholesterol.
- Poultry feathers are helpful as raw materials for making pillows and fancy products.
- The interval between the generations is small and hence one can increase productivity at a short interval of time.
- Rearing period lasts up to a maximum of 6 weeks and low initial investment
- Their feed conversion efficiency is high which means the amount of feed needed for body weight gain is much lower.
- The investment returns are faster since the rearing period is only 6 weeks and the initial investment is lower than a layer.
- Broiler poultry farming on a small scale requires minimum space and hence you can rear them at the backyards of homes.
- In India, Broiler chicken production is increasing at a rate of about 8% to 10% per annum. When you compare with the other entire agricultural sector, there is a high growth rate of income in this sector.
Broiler chicken breeds
Since Broiler breeds are reared mainly for meat purposes they are divided into 2 categories;
- Commercial Broiler breeds
- Dual-purpose Broiler breeds
Commercial broiler chicken breeds
They are reared for the chicken meat alone and are slaughtered when they attain 6 to 8 weeks of age. There are genetically modified commercial Broiler breeds obtainable. These are modified genetically to produce meat rather than egg and such breeds have increased meat production and a higher conversion rate. Some examples of Broiler chicken that are bred commercially are Hubbard, Cobb, Avian, Krishibro, Varna, Vencobb, and Hy-cobb, etc.
Dual-purpose broiler chicken breeds
Dual-purpose breeds are mainly reared for both eggs and meat. They are usually the ‘backyard’ variety and they are self-reliant, hardy, and have a larger body. Some examples of this breed are Rhode Island Red, New Hampshire, White Plymouth Rock, and Red Vanaraja, etc.
Housing systems or shed for broiler poultry farming
Broilers can be housed on deep-litter, slatted, wire floor, and cages. While, cage, slat, and wire floor rearing of Broilers are not as popular as litter floor rearing, due to problems like breast blisters, leg weakness, and higher initial investment.
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Following are the parameters to be taken care of for better Broiler farming housing and management;
Selection of site
- Sufficient area of land.
- Good water supply.
- Preferably higher land to avoid waterlogging.
- Considerably far from housing estates and human activities.
- Good road connection for easy transportation.
- Market access for procurement of inputs and selling of farm products.
- Good ventilation.
- Space requirement about 1 sq ft/bird in deep litter system.
Feeding management in broiler chicken farming
Food plays a main role in poultry farming while the birds have a high conversion rate. For efficient poultry management on a commercial scale, feed management is a very important aspect. The feed should be healthy in terms of nutrition and they must contain adequate amounts of vital nutrients. An insufficient amount of nutrients could lead to poor performance in terms of productivity. And apart from the regular fats, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals, they should be provided with micronutrients in adequate amounts.
As feed is the main cost of poultry production which significantly affects the production performance of the birds. Feed and feeding is the most important consideration for efficient Broiler farming. Improper feeding not only affects production performance but causes several deficiency diseases. Also, the feed needs to have all the nutrients such as carbohydrates, protein, fats, minerals & vitamins in the right proportion. Also, some additives to facilitate digestion and growth are often added in reputed commercial feed.
Broiler poultry farming management
Since Broilers are reared for meat systematic, well-planned Broiler management is essential to get the desired results. Rearing is followed in different ways. Then, they might be reared as a single batch or in multiple batches of brooding and rearing.
Single batch system
It is also called an ‘all-in-all-out’ system; the farm has only one batch of Broilers being reared at a given time. In other words, the chicks would belong to the same hatch and they are purchased as per the farm capacity, reared, and marketed in one single lot. It is a more planned system as there is one batch of birds all belonging to the same hatch to be dealt with at one single time. It reduces the chances of developing infections or the spread of disease. The mortality rate is reduced while the feed conversion and growth rate is enhanced and efficient. This system is only suitable for a small poultry farm. It is not suited for a large poultry farm with higher capitals.
Multiple batch system
The multiple batch system consists of rearing more than one batch of chicks at any time, with a batch interval of about 1 to 4 weeks. In this system, the farmer is buying day-old chicks and selling grown-up Broilers at weekly, fortnightly, once in 3 weeks or at monthly intervals. The chicks are reared for 5 to 6 weeks of age, or until they attain the desired body weight and sold for the table.
The ideal system for India at present is having about 5 to 6 batches of Broilers at any time, with a weekly interval between batches and “direct retail marketing”. The birds will be marketed daily, from 40 to 54 days of age, based on their body weight, that is heavier birds will be sold earlier; giving a chance for weaker birds to have compensatory growth.
The cage rearing of broiler chickens
Broilers can be reared on cages and Broiler cages are similar to that of grower cages. To prevent breast blisters, the bottom of the cage can be coated with some plastic materials. The floor space requirement in cages is about 50% of the floor space required in deep-litter. The advantages of cage rearing of Broilers are;
- The higher density of rearing possible
- Easy to catch the birds at a market time and reduces bruising
- No expenditure on litter
- No incidences of coccidiosis
- Reduced cannibalism
- Cleaning and disinfection easier
- Better growth and feed efficiency
Lighting management in broiler birds
How lights are installed in the poultry house has a main role in their efficiency. Some of the important points regarding fixing bulbs in houses are the distance between bulbs must be about 1½ times the distance from the bulb to the birds level.
In open-sided Broiler farmhouses, the most commonly recommended lighting program is 24 hours light during the brooding period, followed by 23 hours light and one-hour darkness per day, until marketing. This one-hour darkness is to train the birds to acclimatize for darkness, in case of power failure, which can cause panic and trampling.
Broiler poultry farming business plan for 1000 birds
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Broiler farming with a unit size of 1000 birds is explained below. This is Indicative and the applicable input and output costs and the parameters observed at the field level can be incorporated. Costs and profits also depend upon Broiler poultry farm management, quantity, and quality of the feed provided. It depends on disease management, vaccinations, and also other factors.
Capital expenditure for 1000 broiler chicken farming model project
|Particulars||Rate||Estimated Cost (in Rs)|
|01. Cost of construction of one number of Brooder shed cum grower shed made out of brick, wood with cemented floor size 5000 sqft = roof covered with GCI Sheet.||Rs.90.00/bird||90000/-|
|02. Cost of poultry equipment such as feeder, water brooder for chicks & grower and miscellaneous items||15.00/bird||15000/-|
|03. Cost of other expenditure on Power, Admin, and other unforeseen expenditure||2.50/bird||2500/-|
|04. Cost of electrification 4 % of civil work of poultry shed.||–||3500/-|
Recurring expenditure for 1000 broiler chicken farming model project
|Particular||Rate||Estimated Cost (in Rs)|
|01. Cost of Vencobb day old chicks 1000 no’s||37.00||37000/-|
|b. Cost of Broiler starter and finisher feed 3.5 kg/ bird ( 0-6 week age)= 3430 kg ( excluding 2 % mortality)||19/kg||65170/-|
|Cost of Electricity, Medicines, Vaccines, Labour, Litter and other overhead charges & Insurance||3%||3000/-|
The cost for 1000 broiler chicken farming model project
|A. Capital Exp||1,11,000/-|
|B. (+) Rec Exp||1,05,170/-|
|Term Loan @75%||1,62,127/-|
|Income Mortality 2%= 20no’s|
Revenue or profit margin in for 1000 broiler chicken farming model project
|Particular||Rate||Estimated Cost (in Rs)|
|Revenue received from sale proceeds of 980 no’s Live Broiler each weighting 1kg 800gm=1764kg||Rs. 95/kg||1,67,580/-|
|Empty gunny bag=49no’s||20.00||980/-|
|Revenue from sale manure from 980 Live Birds||1.50/bird||1470/-|
|-Capital Expenditure (03 & 04)||(-)6000/-|
|Gross Profit (Revenue-Recurring)||58860/-|
|Net Profit/Annum of 5 Cycles||2,94,300/-|
|Poultry shed 10%||9000/-|
|Poultry Equipment 15%||2250/-|
|Net Profit per Bird||56.61/Bird/Cycle|
Financial assistance available from Banks for Broiler farming
For Broiler farming schemes with large outlays Detailed Project Reports (DPR) are required to be prepared. The items of investment or finance would include the construction of Broiler sheds and purchase of equipment, cost of day-old chicks, feed, medicine, and labor cost for the first cycle. Cost towards land development, fencing, water and electricity, essential servant’s quarters, transport vehicles, Broiler dressing, processing, and cold storage facilities can also be considered for providing credit. For high-value projects, the borrowers can utilize the services of NABARD Consultancy Services who are having wide experience in the preparation of Detailed Project Reports.
Sanction of Bank loan and its disbursement for 1000 broiler chicken farming model project
After ensuring technical feasibility and financial viability, the Broiler farming project is sanctioned by the bank. The loan is disbursed mostly in 2 stages that are the construction of sheds / other civil structures, purchase of equipment and machinery, recurring cost on purchase of chicks, feeds, and medicines, etc. The end use of the loan is verified and constant follow up / monitoring is done by the bank.
Prevention and control of disease in Broiler farming
In the poultry industry mainly emphasis is given more on prevention and control than curative measures. A suggestive disease prevention and control program follows;
- Start with a disease-free stock
- Vaccine chicks against Ranikhet & Merek’s disease at Hatchery
- Use coccidiostal to prevent coccidiosis
- Keep feed free from aflatoxins
- Do not allow visitors or outsiders and attendants inside the poultry farm house unless they wear disinfected boots and clean clothing
- Cover floor with clean litter at least 3 inches deep
- All-in-one system of rearing should be followed to ensure minimum disease problems
- Foot-bath provision at the entrance of the farm is a must
- The provision of adequate clean and fresh water should be available
- A) Viral disease
Ranikhet/New Castle Disease
- Affects all the birds of the farm
- Difficulty in breathing
- Nasal discharge
- Greenish diarrhoea
- 90-100% mortality
Prevention – Early vaccination with F1 followed by R B vaccines 2
- It affects all the birds
- Droopy wings, lameness, paralysis
- 60 to 70% mortality
Treatment – No treatment, only early vaccination.
- B) Bacterial Diseases
- Chalky white diarrhoea. iv.Sudden death
- Pasted vent. v. It affects all age groups
- Depression and loss of weight
- Use effective antibiotics (contact nearest veterinary center)
- Recovered birds act as a source of disease and thus better to cull
- It affects all age groups
- Swelling of joints
- Oedematous comb and wattle
- Mortality rate – 90%
Treatment – Antimicrobials (contact nearest veterinary center)
- C) Fungal Diseases
- Affects chicks
- High mortality
- Respiratory problem
- Swollen eye and head
Treatment – Use antifungal (contact nearest veterinary centre).
The conclusion of 1000 broiler chicken farming project report
Well, the above-said information is just to give an idea, the number may change depending on many factors. You may apply some or most of the information to broiler poultry farming project report for 5000 birds, broiler chicken farming project report for 10,000 birds, even 500 broiler birds project report. The only thing is the cost involved and profit margins will change. You may also like the Earn Money with Country Chicken, Cost, Profit.