Broiler Farming (Poultry) Information Guide

Broiler Farming (Poultry) Detailed Guide:-

Broiler farming
Broiler farming.

Introduction of Broiler chicken:-  What is broiler? It’s a tender meat young chicken of male or female that grows from a hatch weight of 40 grams to a weight over approximately around 1.5 kg to 2 kg in about 6 weeks time period only. Broilers today has emerged as the one of the fastest growing poultry segment with the increased acceptance of  broiler chicken meat in cities, towns, and villages, the demand and consumption of broiler chicken is increasing day by day in a fast pace. In India, during the last few years, poultry farming has taken a U- turn from a backyard venture into a fastest growing commercial sector. For achieving better profits from poultry industry, One should be aware and have good knowledge on its technicality viz: housing, breed, feed management, and over all maintenance.

Broilers breeds reared for meat purpose are: a) Commercial Broiler breeds b) Dual purpose Broiler breeds.

1. Commercial Broiler breeds in India.

  • Caribro.
  • Babcobb.
  • Krishibro.
  • Colour broiler.
  • Hy-Bro.
  • Vencobb.

2. Dual purpose Broiler breeds.

  • Kuroiler Dual.
  • Rhode Island.
  • Red Vanaraja.
  • Grama Priya.
Krishibro - a coloured Broiler
Krishibro – a coloured Broiler.

Housing/Shed & Management in Broiler farming:- To achieve optimum chick growth and body weight gain in broiler farming, It is essential to provide comfortable and growth specific housing or shed area for birds.

One should consider the following factors or parameters for better Broiler housing and management.Housing/Shed design and site selection are major factors to be considered.

Selecting the Site for Broiler farming:-

  • Should have sufficient land area.
  • Should have good water supply and electricity.
  • Preferably higher land  should be considered to avoid water logging in rainy season.
  • Better to have road connectivity and transport facility.
  • Should be far from human activities and housing estates.
  • Should have market access to procure any farm inputs and selling of farm produces.

Housing /Shed Design in Broiler farming:-

  • Housing should have good ventilation and wind flow.
  • In deep litter system, space requirement is 1 sq ft / bird.
  • Should consider East-West as length-wise direction of the shed.
Shed Direction
Shed Direction.

Housing or Shed System:- Try to make housing at low cost, so that saved amount can be used for bird purchase or feed or any other farm inputs. For building a low cost housing system, use locally available material like mud, bamboo, thatch roof/chitra etc.  Management is the important part of the broiler farming to achieve desired meat production. Following are the vital parameters to be considered in Broiler management System.

1) Broiler breed selection: Day-old chicks with good quality should be selected.

2) Preparation housing before arrival of chicks:

  • Remove the previously used litters and wash the house equipments properly.
  • Should spray sanitizers on litter and entire poultry house.
  • Should spray selected disinfectants.
  • Should clean water pipelines.
  • Should consider fumigation of poultry house with suitable agents.
Day-Old-Broiler-Chicks
Day-Old-Broiler-Chicks

3) Brooding:  

  • Should start brooder 1 day prior to arrival of chicks to the farm.
  • Should adjust the hover temperature to 95 °F at first week and reduce by 5 °F every week until 70 °F.
  • Should Place chick guard for first week.
First day- Broiler Chicks in your shed
First day- Broiler Chicks in your shed

4) Ventilation: The shed /house should be designed with cross ventilation for allowing fresh air to circulate inside the house by providing wire mesh net on two opposite sides of the shed.

5) Lighting: Continuous lighting should be provided from day old to till marketing of chicks.

6) Floor space requirement in the shed: 1 sq ft / bird.

7) Deep Litter Management in Broiler farming:

  • Litter materials used in the shed should be either rice husk, saw dust, or chopped wheat straw etc depending upon availability of the material.
  • Should remove old litter and use fresh litter for rearing pullets and new batches of
  • To avoid caking of litter due to high moisture level in the shed, stirring litter should be carried out on regular basis and humidity of the shed should be maintained.

Poultry Feed Management:-  As feed plays vital role in poultry farming and is the major cost of poultry production which seriously affects the production output of the birds. So the feed and feeding management is the major important consideration for efficient commercial poultry farming. Improper feeding causes several deficiency disease which results in poor production performance.

Also, make sure the feed have all the required nutrients (carbohydrates, fats, protein, minerals & vitamins) in right proportion for better growth of the birds. In addition to the regular nutrients, some additives are required to facilitate digestion and growth and  is usually added in reputed commercial feed.

Types of Poultry Feed:-

Age of chicksFeed Type
 0  – 10 daysPre-Starter
11 – 21 daysStarter
22 days – Till marketingFinisher

Estimated Feed consumption of Broiler farming:-

Chicks age in daysFeed Weight in grams  Body Weight gain/day 
1st day  2nd day  3rd day4th day

5th day

6th day

7th day

8th day

9th day

10th day

11th day

12th day

13th day

14th day

15th day

16th day

17th day

18th day

19th day

20th day

21st day

22nd day

23rd day

24th day

25th day

26th day

 

20gm/bird/day 22gm/bird/day  24gm/bird/day26gm/bird/day

28gm/bird/day

30gm/bird/day

32gm/bird/day

34gm/bird/day

36gm/bird/day

38gm/bird/day

40gm/bird/day

42gm/bird/day

44gm/bird/day

46gm/bird/day

48gm/bird/day

50gm/bird/day

52gm/bird/day

54gm/bird/day

54gm/bird/day

56gm/bird/day

58gm/bird/day

60gm/bird/day

62gm/bird/day

64gm/bird/day

66gm/bird/day

68gm/bird/day

 

45 – 55 gms 55 – 95 gms  95 – 135 gms135 – 175 gms

175 – 215 gms

215 – 255 gms

255 – 295 gms

295 – 335 gms

335 – 385 gms

385 – 425 gms

425 – 465 gms

465 – 505 gms

505 – 545 gms

545 – 585 gms

585 – 625 gms

625 – 665 gms

665 – 705 gms

705 – 745 gms

745 – 785 gms

785 – 825 gms

825 – 865 gms

865 – 905 gms

905 – 945 gms

945 – 985 gms

985 – 1,025 gms

1,025 – 1,045 gms

 

Application of Effective Micro-Organism Liquid (E.M.) in Broiler farming:

E.M. Solution
E.M. Solution

What is E.M? E.M. Is a brown colour concentrated liquid produced from the cultivation of 80 strains of beneficial microorganisms collected from natural environment of India.

What are the advantages of E.M. Technology in Livestock Production or in Broiler farming ?

  • It reduces cost inputs more efficiently and improves gain in body weight.
  • It maintains better health condition of chicks.
  • It helps Clean shed, less flies, ticks and less disease incidence.

E.M. in Broiler feed on daily basis:-

Age of birds  E.M. Bokashi
01 – 07 days30 gm/ kg feed
08 – 14  days20 gm/ kg feed
15 days onwards…10 gm/ kg feed

E.M. Solution as additive in drinking water on daily basis:-

Age of birdE.M. Solution
01 – 14 days1 ml/ liter of water
15 days onwards0.5 ml/ liter of water

Caution Note: E.M.solution should not be mixed with  anti-biotic, disinfectants / chlorinated water.

Diseases, Control and Vaccination schedule in Broiler farming:- CLICK HERE.

Bio-Security Measures in Broiler farming: Bio-security is a method of preventing the spread of disease onto your poultry farm.

Bio-security has 3 major components:

  • Isolation.
  • Traffic Control.
  • Sanitation.

What are the Bio-security Measures in Broiler farming ?

  • Should have fencing.
  • Should keep visitors to a minimum.
  • Should limit visitations to other poultry farms.
  • Should keep all animals and wild birds out of poultry sheds.
  • Should practice sound rodent and pest control programs.
  • Must inspect bird flocks daily and recognize disease symptoms.
  • Should have good ventilation and relatively dry litter.
  • Should keep areas around sheds and feed bins clean.
  • Never go for exchange of feed and equipments.
  • Disinfection and sanitization of poultry sheds & equipment should be carried frequently.
  • Dead birds must be disposed properly. 

     Possible Disease spread
    Possible Ways of Disease spread

Marketing of Broiler Chicks:- Marketing should be planned in advance of starting a farm. A successful farming will depend on the good poultry market and the price offered. In India, consumption of chicken will be less on certain festival times.

Are you also  interested to go for Sheep or Goat farming? Read Here.

21 COMMENTS

  1. I am interested for Boiler farming (Chicken and Egg). I want do boiler farming in Arwal, Bihar. Can you guide me.

  2. Hi,

    I want know about broiler farms. I am instrasting to start broiler farms. Can you please guide me and give me more ideas?

  3. Pl advice me a complete book on broiler farming.
    Is there any institute who conduct short term course for poultry farmer.

    Waiting for your early response.

  4. Dear
    I am planning to start a poultry farm (small scale to start with) in surrounding areas Kanyakumari district near by Nagercoil. I have no idea about this business. I have following queries, looking for some guidance/advice from the members for the Prerequisites before start a poultry farm Tamilnadu.

    1. Is there any government rules/regulations to set up poultry farm.
    2. What type of permits or approvals needed before starting the poultry farm.
    3. What are the pre-requisites (an area we choose, surrounding environment) we have to consider while selecting the farm location.
    Any other suggestions on requirements on this subject are most welcome.

    Awaiting for your prompt reply.

    Thanks
    Rajesh.

  5. Dear sir…
    I m working as junior engineer. But i like to make money. So i would like to start boiler farm. I want total amount for boiler farm for 3000 bird capacity. Plz provide details and suggestions sir..
    Thank you

  6. I have 22500 sq.ft. (20 gunnta) farm land at Neral i.e. 4 km from Neral East Station in Karjat Dist. I have to start 5000 birds poultry farm in my farm. This farm land having fencing with gate and borewell. So request you to guide me how to find market or bulk buyer for this project. Also please send me complete project document for bank loan. I will pay your project making charges and share your contact no. at my email id.

  7. Hi,

    I am Planning to start a Poultry Farm at my Native Place Saoner, Distt. Nagpur. I have no ideas regarding this business. So Kindly Request to Help & suggest about this business to start.

    thanks

  8. Hi ,Am planning to start broiler poulry farming in my native near by Tirunelveli in Tamilnadu. Can you please guide me is there any Goverment subsidey available for bank loans and how to apply .

  9. Sir , I want start Poultry Farm business. I want to get bank loan. But , any bank can provide financial assistance without any security. If any chance is there, please give me the details/ link. It’s very use6for more Enterpenuers to start. Thank you

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here