Farming Problems and Solutions, Tips, and Ideas

Introduction to farming problems and solutions: Farming is defined as growing crops or keeping animals for consumption. The main example of farming is raising dairy cows and the business of cultivating land and raising stocks etc. Farming is a uniquely challenging profession. Farmers have had to find creative solutions for farming problems to a different variety of ecological challenges. Because of this, they have become incredibly adaptable individuals over the years. On top of this, new challenges have arisen in recent years due to changes in climate conditions and the global economy. In this article we also covered the below topics about farming problems and solutions;

  • What are the solutions for farmers problems
  • What was the biggest problem with the farming sector
  • How do farmers solve problems
  • What are the common problems in farming
  • The main problems faced by farmers
  • What is the main issue of farmer protest
  • Solution of problems faced by farmers
  • Biggest challenges for farmers
  • Innovative solutions to solve agricultural problems
  • Agricultural problems and solutions
  • Essay on problems faced by farmers
  • Solutions to agricultural problems
  • Problems faced by farmers

A step by step guide to farming problems and solutions, Biggest Challenges for Farmers

Agricultural growth is one of the most talked-about issues as a major portion of our population is still engaged with the agricultural industry. The main economic objective of agricultural development is to contribute to increasing per capita. Often their low level of education and lack of communication has resulted in a general lack of awareness regarding modern research and inventions in the agriculture sector.

Agriculture can be generally categorized into the below-mentioned points;

  • By knowing the type and strength of their farmland soil.
  • Getting right seeds
  • Sowing in the right time
  • Water supply/monsoon
  • Harvesting at in right time and
  • Marketing for good prize

Any defect that occurs in any of these steps will be manipulated on the profit or crop yield. Farm production poses many challenges for farmers around the world. To meet the needs of a growing world population, it is necessary to increase farm production. This is done sustainably and qualitatively to respond to the environmental and food safety requirements. Climate changes are not only responsible for adverse weather conditions and also cause instability in farm commodity prices. We can discuss the main issues in farming and the best possible solutions.

Farmers want to deal with many problems, including how to;

  • Manage with climate change, soil erosion, and biodiversity loss
  • The looming food crisis
  • Depletion of natural resources due to widespread farming practices
  • High rates of food waste, which threaten to intensify food insecurity around the world
  • Disruptions in trade networks and fluctuations in global demand for products in agriculture
  • Satisfy consumers’ changing tastes and expectations
  • Rising meet demand for more food of higher quality
  • Invest in farm productivity
  • Adopt and learn new technologies
  • Stay resilient against global economic factors
  • Inspire young people to stay in rural regions

Major Farming Problems and Their Possible Solutions

The major farming problems and their possible solutions are discussed below;

Not Enough Agricultural Land

Land availability is the main problem in agriculture. Deforestation and concrete jungles are taking up maximum region leaving little to no room for farming. Farmers prefer growing money-making crops in comparison to grains and other eatables. Until the issue of enough availability of agricultural land exists, one cannot expect improvement in this sector.

The main problem is the loss of agricultural land, it will become difficult to produce the amount of food required to feed the human population. When discussing the area of land, the term hectare land is used, and this term is a unit of area that is equivalent to 10,000 square meters, or about 2.5 acres. People may find it more difficult to find products, and prices can also rise.

The problem of soil in farming

Soil problem is a very important issue in the farming sector. The soil fertility is destroying day after day due to the use of more chemical fertilizers. An insufficient amount of any necessary nutrient will lead to poor crop or pasture growth and limit production, reducing profit for growers.

Problem of Labor

Problem of Labor
Labout problems (Image source: pixabay)

Labor demand is mainly affected by the mechanization process. Wage employment was being displaced by the increased mechanization of agriculture in the villages. Though, the labor required for operating many activities relating to the major crops like the flower, potato, groundnut, betel leaf, sesame, and guava declined over time. Besides, machines are also being used in other operations such as carrying, and threshing, etc.

Unavailability of good quality seeds

For attaining higher crop yields seed is a basic input and sustained growth in agricultural production. Though, the distribution of assured quality seed is as critical as the seeds production.  Seeds are the basic input or raw material for the farmers to produce crops. But there is a lack of availability of good seeds quality in the market. If good quality seeds are available, they are so expensive that the poor farmers are not able to afford them. Farmers are bound to use the traditional seeds which are less productive and most of the certified seeds manufacturers are private companies. The government must either tie up with these companies or provides direct subsidies to the farmers so that they can afford the best quality of seeds for production.

Limited resources

This is another main problem we face in the agriculture sector. Even if one wants to go all out with their agricultural methods, this cannot be made possible. Water, raw materials, and land for farming are all available in limited quantities. Lack of funds makes it all difficult to work on an agricultural project and then give it all the hard work and appreciation it deserves. The storage facilities for crops and after harvesting are also finite. The number of people willing to go out there is toil in the fields is decreasing day by day. If nothing else, the machinery and equipment required for farming are also scarce in most countries.

Manures and fertilization problems in farming

Soils have been used for cultivating crops over thousands of years without caring much for replenishing. Then, this has led to depletion and exhaustion of soils resulting in their low productivity. Then, this is a serious problem that can be solved by using more manures and fertilizers.

A well-nourished and good quality soil is giving good crop yields. It has been estimated that about 70% of growth in agricultural production can be attributed to increased fertilizer application. An increase in the use of fertilizers is a barometer of agricultural prosperity. There are some difficulties in providing sufficient manures and fertilizers in all parts of a country. Cow dung mainly provides the best manure to the soils. But its use as such is limited as much cow dung is used as kitchen fuel in the shape of dung cakes. Reduction in the supply of firewood and increasing fuel demand in the rural areas due to the increase in population has further complicated the problem. Though, chemical fertilizers are costly and are beyond the reach of poor farmers. The fertilizer problem is both acute and complex.

It has been felt that organic manures are necessary for keeping the soil in good health. The utilization of this potential will solve the problem of disposal of waste and providing manure to the soil. For using chemical fertilizers, the government has given high incentives particularly in the form of heavy subsidies. Right fertilizers, the right combination, and the right time are most important to get desired yields from their crops.

These are the most important problems for the farmers. There are so many other problems. At least, if important farming problems are solved their situation improves. New start-ups that are agri based must come with the app in the local language about fertilizer management.

Lack of mechanization

Regardless of the large-scale mechanization of the agriculture sector in some parts of the country, most of the agricultural operations in larger parts are carried on by human hands using simple and conventional tools and implements. Then, it results in huge wastage of human labor and low yields per capita labor force. Though, there is an urgent need to mechanize the agricultural operations so that wastage of labor force is avoided and farming is made convenient and efficient.

Some progress has been made for mechanizing agriculture. Strategies and programs in farming have been directed towards the replacement of traditional and inefficient implements by improved ones, enabling the farmer to own tractors, power tillers, harvesters, and other machines. The agricultural machines have also been developed for a large industrial base. Strenuous efforts are made to encourage the farmers to adopt technically advanced agricultural equipment to carry farm operations timely and precisely and to economize the agricultural production process.

Less use of modern farming equipment

Farmers follow some primitive cultivation methods. Despite no shortage of efficient equipment and machinery, there is little use of modern equipment as most farmers don’t have lands huge enough to use advanced instruments, and heavy machinery.

Inadequate storage facilities

Storage facilities in rural areas are totally absent or grossly inadequate. Scientific storage is very essential to avoid losses and to benefit the farmers and the consumers alike. At present, there are several agencies engaged in warehousing and storage activities. These all agencies help in building up buffer stock, which can be used in the hour of need. In rural regions, storage facilities are insufficient or completely absent. In such a situation, farmers have no other option than to sell their produce immediately once it’s ready, at market prices that are often very low.

Insufficient water supply or irrigation

Water availability is more than sufficient to irrigate all cultivation regions, and the problem is that we still have to find cheap and suitable solutions to utilize such enormous water supplies. Due to many reasons, farmers don’t receive the appropriate amount of water or don’t get the supply on time; many farmers rely on rainwater for irrigation. Irrigation is another major difficulty for several farmers.

  • Availability
  • Quality
  • Right time of irrigation
  • No source of irrigation

Depleting groundwater tables is another concern. NGOs government makes farmers aware of replenishing the groundwater. Farmers should aware of saving water and there are many technologies available in saving technologies. Another main important thing in irrigation is farmers aware of critical periods of crop irrigation.

High-Interest Rates

In case if you miss this: Crop Monitoring Technology.

High-Interest Rates
High-Interest Rates (pic source: pixabay)

Several farmers take their lives each year due to debt burden (having other indirect causes interlinked). Unreasonably high-interest rates must be declared illegal, and the government must take quick, strict, and appropriate action against greedy money lenders. Another problem is small and marginal farmers have to go through some procedures to get institutional credit.

Transportation Problems

Lakhs of villages are connected with highways and market centers with temporary roads that become muddy and useless in rains. So, farmers cannot deliver their produce to the central market and sell it in the local market at low costs.

Lack of Financial Support

In almost all developing countries, the agriculture sector is the main occupation of a majority of people. Growers are hardly given any financial benefits, and the schemes designed in their favor rarely make it to them. Insects, poverty, and lack of irrigation facilities are a few of the issues that farmers face daily.

The masses don’t realize how difficult it is to fund farming without adequate financial backup from the government. Investing in good quality seeds, fertilizers, chemicals, and irrigation facilities all want to be funded and only then can we expect considerable growth in the agricultural sector.

Solutions to agricultural problems

  • Eliminating Middlemen
  • Freedom from Moneylenders
  • Storage Facility
  • Bargaining Capacity
  • Regulated Markets
  • Adequate Transport Facility
  • Agricultural Marketing Societies
  • Market Intelligence
  • Use of Standard Weight
  • Loan Facilities
  • Publicity of Market Policies
  • Training Facilities

Farmers must adapt to climate change – The effects of climate conditions affect farmers’ ability to grow the food we all need. The land available for the agriculture sector is reducing by soil erosion, and declining biodiversity affects the pollination of crops. Farmers want to mitigate the greenhouse gas emissions contributed by agriculture adapt to these changes, through adopting climate-smart practices is a new learning journey for many.

Consumer needs drive the food value chain – Growers want to meet the rising food demand of higher quality. Then, there has been a shift in focus from concern about ‘enough food’ to ‘good food’. The nutritional content of crops increased and further minimizes chemical residues in crops and the environment.

Major problems and constraints for organic farming

High Input Costs – This has been practicing a sort of organic agriculture in the form of the traditional farming system. They use local renewable resources and carry on some agricultural practices in an ecologically friendly environment. Though, now the costs of the organic inputs are higher compared to those of industrially-produced chemical fertilizers and pesticides including other types of inputs used in conventional farming.

Low Yields – On discarding synthetic inputs on the conversion of their farming from conventional to organic farming the farmers experience some loss in crop yields. Restoration of full biological activity of beneficial insect population growth, pest suppression, and fertility problems will take some time and a reduction in the yield rates. It may be possible that it will take years to make organic production possible on the farm.

Shortage of Organic Seeds – Seeds are highly regulated by government policies. The government provides subsidies for chemical fertilizers and pesticides but there is no such provision for organic inputs. Then, there are certification programs for organic seeds, but there is no recognition for certified seeds. Due to the less availability of certified organic seeds, farmers are forced and then advised to use the conventional seeds only, as they can be treated with chemicals.

High MRP – It is due to the care taken with organic farming practices. Once sold to the market, most of the place is devoted to the sale of these organic fruit and vegetable crops. Because of this, most people do that to approve of organic products. Though, the items sold in the market are half the price of non-organic products. Therefore, we can say that organic items are expensive, and not every consumer is willing to pay the price for them.

Lack of special infrastructure – Large organic farms operates in an industrialized agriculture style of the food from field to plate. Unfortunately, this mainly involves the adoption of the same environmentally harmful practices as those of factory farms which are hidden under the cover of being organic.

Major problems and solutions for poultry farming

How about this: Conservation Agriculture Practices.

Poultry farming
Poultry farming (pic credit: pixabay)

Several factors that challenge the future growth of the poultry industry are poultry immunity, health, and production.

Financial problem in poultry farming – This is an important problem in poultry farming.Amount of capital find the level of your farm and find how your farm will be equipped. Access to capital will make your farm produce faster than those that do not have access to any financial assistance.Starting a poultry farm business needs little money, but that is when you can access this at right time. Some farmers want to get a loan from microfinance banks, the interest charge on the little they can afford, so they had to withdraw from such program.

Possible solution – The solution to this problem i.e., poultry farming is getting assistance from the government, the government set up a committee on how to help those that have an interest in farming activities. By so doing empower them, they will be the boss of their company and they will not be looking for what they are engaged in already.

Diseases and parasites in poultry farming

Diseases and parasites are a great poultry problem that can cause losses in egg production. Some breeds are resistant to certain diseases which make them superior to those that are easily infected by many diseases. Also, you would never want to breed an ill chicken they could pass the illnesses down to future generations and you have a constant battle in your hands. Always raised the healthiest chickens and are the more resistant they build up to diseases.

Solution – Not every disease gives any symptom, but you can see the strange sign on your farm inform your veterinary doctor at once. By so doing, the right drugs will be arranged.

Lack of technical knowledge of poultry business

For carried out a successful poultry farming business, sound knowledge on several aspects of farming is necessary, but it is seen that due to insufficient knowledge of poultry farming. So, training should be provided to poultry farmers.

High cost of inputs

  • High cost of day-old chick
  • High cost of poultry equipment’s
  • Lack of finance for commercial poultry farm
  • Lack of financial support
  • High prices of land
  • Shortage of laborers
  • High rate of laborers
  • High rate of vaccine and medicines,
  • Difficulty in obtaining a bank loan
  • Insufficient services of poultry experts and
  • High charges of poultry experts are the important problems to start a business.

Social problem

Birds damage the standing crops in search of food and complaint by neighbors. So, poultry birds should not be allowed to standing crops for food searching and will be reared always in controlled conditions even in free-range farming.

Feed related problem poultry farming

Feeding related problem is also another important problem we need to consider as this determines the growth of rate of our birds. Feeding is more than just given the birds feeds, and they require balanced diets if you want them to do well.

Good quality feed is required for better production of poultry birds. Due to;

(a) High rate of poultry feed and

(b) Inferior poultry feed quality; poultry farmers get a lower margin of profit.

Water-related Problem in poultry farming

The quality of water available is important, and the acidity of the water must be checked and balanced before we give it to the birds. Acidic water will imply a negative effect on the life of the birds as this will affect them in several ways.

Solution – Before being included in feeding fowls, water conditions must be checked.

Major problems and solutions for fish farming

Impact of Biodiversity – It have a negative impact by introducing species into the wild and changing the biodiversity of aquatic ecosystems. Even when measures are taken to prevent equipment failure, severe weather conditions and other complications mean that escapes of farmed fish are inevitable.

Spread of Disease – Diseases spreading is becoming an increasingly big problem, as are the solutions used for these diseases. Aquaculture relies on prophylactic antibiotics to prevent infections. The use of antibiotics can cause drug-resistant bacteria to improve which can spread to wild populations.

Technological problems

  • Firstly, lack of value addition for enhancing profit margin.
  • The processed fish market is limited in the domestic market.
  • Fish production technology is complex technology.
  • Lack of quality feed for fishes in the local market.
  • Lack of location-specific improved technology.

Economic problems

  • High costs of cultural inputs like fish feed.
  • Lack of financial assistance
  • An inadequate loan from financial agencies
  • Lack of remunerative price
  • Fluctuating fish prices in the market.
  • The small size of fish ponds (majority of farmers are small and marginal farmers).
  • Lack of regulated market facilities
  • Too much competition in the fishery business

Social problems

  • Religious values excluded women or some other groups from participation in certain activities.
  • Lack of family encouragement as a lower prestigious occupation.
  • Inadequate family labor
  • Multiple-use of pond water
  • Disputed ownership of water areas.
  • Poaching from the fish pond.
  • Lack of contract farming
  • Middlemen’s presence in the fish trade reduces the profit margin.

Major problems and solutions for livestock farming

  • Low productivity of animals is assessed to be the main livestock constraint.
  • There are three big environmental issues with meat production – feed sourcing, manure processing, and climate change. Raising meat takes vast quantities of feed. Monoculture crop fields are dedicated to feeding livestock animals.
  • Improving farm animal’s productivity is one of the major challenges.
  • The frequent outbreak of diseases continues to affect Livestock health and lowers productivity.
  • The livestock sector was neglected by the financial institutions. Though, the institutional mechanisms to protect animals against risk are not strong enough.
  • The major issues of livestock-related animal diseases and lack of feed resources are mainly in the dry season. Lack of feed or forages was unrelated to some livestock species.

Some other challenges faced by the livestock sector are;

  • Inadequate availability of credit.
  • Limited availability of quality breeding bulls.
  • Deficiency of vaccines and vaccination setup.
  • Due to urbanization majority of grazing lands are degraded or encroached.
  • Feed and fodder diversion ingredients for industrial use.



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