Gir Cow Farming, Cost and Profit Information

Gir Cow Farming, Cost and Profit Information


Gir cow belongs to the humped category of cattle breeds in India. This cow is considered unique in characteristics when compared to other breeds. Gir is native to the Indian subcontinent and has originated from the Gir hills and forests of Kathiawar (Gujarat). Though the Gir cow originated in Gujarat, it is now found in many states in India. Gir is also known by other names such as Gujarati, Sorthi, Surti, Kathiawari, Bhodali and Desan. Gir cattle are well known for their adaptability and milk producing capacity. This cow breed is generally reared by the nomadic tribes of the state for their basic livelihood. Gir cow is a pure breed and the oldest breed in India.

Gir cow is also reared in countries like United States, Mexico, Brazil and Venezuela. This Gir breed achieved global status due to Brazil, supplying improved Indian origin cattle embryos and semen to other countries. Gir breed is considered the best dairy breeds in the world.

Above all these facts, there is one great aspect that has been researched for years on Gir cow by various research institutes about gold being found in the cow urine. The presence of gold dissolved with other soluble salts and metals is detected by a thorough research. After this observation, it is expected to develop new therapies for the cure of diseases. Of the 5100 compounds present in the cow urine, 388 of the compounds have medicinal properties. Cow urine finds its use in Ayurveda for development and balance of mental health. Gir cow dung and urine are both used as the main ingredient for organic agricultural practices. They are termed as bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides and used to prevent fungal and parasitic infections in plants.

Rearing the Gir bull along with the cow is a local practice used by the Maldhari tribe to improve their breed genetics, milk yield, reproduction health and growth.


Gir Cow Characteristics.
Gir Cow Characteristics.
  • Gir cow has a medium to large size proportional body. Bulls weigh 550 to 650 kg and cows weigh 400 to 475 kg. The height of the cow is 1.30 m and the bull is 1.35 m on an average. The skin of the cow is soft and glossy which prevents the cow from parasitic infestation and protects it from warm climates. The skin of the cow secretes a fluid called sebum which repels the insects. The color of the skin is red, white, yellowish – red, black, brown or spotted.
  • The face of the cow is long and narrow with a bulged forehead. It is considered that the convex shape of the forehead protects the brain and the pituitary gland as a cooling radiator.
  • The cow has long ears in the form of a curled leaf and helps the cow to drive away insects and flies. The eyes of the cow are pigmented in black and are hooded. The eyes are aligned at the base of the horn, which is a unique feature of the cow and is considered sacred in India.
  • The horn of the cow is thick at the base and is curved upward. The horns at situated at the back of the head and grow in a backward fashion.
  • The tail of the cow is long. It has hard feet with black hooves and walk very slowly. They have a prominent hip bone and a big hump.
  • Panniculus muscles on either side of the cow’s body support the sheath. These muscles can function at will and the sheath of the cow is clean.
  • The cow has a wider body area which is why heat dissipation is easy. The cow also has active sweat glands. They adapt to all atmospheric conditions and are resistant to sunlight and diseases.
  • Gir is a gentle and social breed. They can be tamed very easily and sometimes they react to owner’s command. The Gir cow has an oestrous cycle once in 21 days and it lasts for 24 hours.
  • When a proper feed is provided to the cow it can have its first estrous cycle in 20 to 24 months. 280 to 285 days is the approximate gestation period for the cows. The animal can give milk for about 310 days after calving. There are no such problems of short lactation found in these animals. A single cow lives for almost 12 to 15 years and can produce 6 to 10 calves


  • Gir cattle are considered as one of the largest dairy breeds in India, hence has more value.
  • High milk production capacity. Also the milk from the cows is considered to be of premium quality due to the presence of A-2 beta casein protein substance.
  • Can sustain in different environmental and habitat conditions.
  • Low maintenance structure needed for farming Gir cows.
  • The average lifespan of the cow is high (12 to 15 years). Low mortality rate.
  • The Gir breed has high fertility rate and can produce up to 10 calves (average) during its lifespan.
  • This cattle breed shows high resistance to diseases.
  • The value of the milk in the market is high.
  • This cow is adaptable to mechanical milking techniques.
  • Natural mating is preferred while rearing this breed rather than artificial insemination techniques.


The house for the cows is generally made of concrete. The house should be well aerated and roof height should be 16 to 18 feet in the centre with 8 feet high side wall. The walls should be made of brick and the floor cemented. If a low investment house is planned, then the roof is made up of thatched tile instead of cement. The house should be built such that there is at least 5 Square meter of space per each cattle. The house should be built in north-south direction and should be maintained dry. A drainage system within the house is a must for the removal of trash. The house should be thoroughly cleaned to avoid the spread of bacteria, mosquitoes, parasites and virus which may otherwise cause disease to the cattle.


Gir Cow Feed Management.
Gir Cow Feed Management.

The food that is given to the cows is an important factor that promotes health, production and growth in the cows. The expenditure to feed the cows is almost 50% of the total cost of the farming. Open grazing is essential for reducing the cost of the feed and also provides required nourishment to the cows. Additionally the Gir cow is fed with green Jower, Bajra straw, groundnut cake, dry fodder, cotton seed cake, soya bean husk, coconut and jaggery. The vegetables that are fed to the cattle include carrot, beet-root and drumsticks. There should be regular feeding routine, but overfeeding should be avoided. All the grains should be provided to the cow in the form of medium ground powder. The feed of the cows should be stored in dry places to prevent bacteria and moulds. The feed of the cow should be estimated according to its growing stage and condition such as feed for below 6 months cow, growing animals, lactating cow, bulls, etc. Water should be provided in adequate quantity to the cattle at all times.


The mortality rate in Gir cattle is very low. The risk of death in a cow is high when it is just born till the age of one month. Broncho-Pneumonia and Pneumo- Enteritis are the two main reasons for the mortality of calves. The viral respiratory vaccine is administered to the calves when they are 2 to 3 weeks old. When the calves are 1 to 3 months old they are given Clostridial vaccination. Gir cow may sometimes suffer from reproductive disorders like Prolapse, Placenta retention, Dystokia etc. Since cows are fed with rice and wheat straw, they get infected due to the Fusarium fungus present in the straw and develop a disease called ‘Deg Nala’. This disease challenges the movement of the cows by affecting their legs. Proper antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drugs are given intramuscularly can treat the disease and show improvement in 45 days. Deworming treatment should be done to the cows at an interval of 30 days. Gir cattle can be affected from many other common diseases such as digestive disorders, jaundice, anthrax, Anaplasmosis, Anaemia, Foot and Mouth disorders, Hypomagnesaemia, Lead Poisoning, Rinderpest, Black quarter, Ectoparasites, Endoparasites, Mastitis and Ringworms. Proper care and hygiene along with suitable treatment can help cattle live longer.


Milk Yield of Gir Cow.
Milk Yield of Gir Cow.

The Gir cow breed is estimated to produce 1590 kg of milk per lactation on an average. During the first calving process 1600 to 1700 kg of milk per lactation is produced, but for mature cows, the milk production is higher around 1800 to 2000 kg per lactation. The cost of 1 liters of milk varies from place to place (e.g. Rs 50 to Rs 70 per liter) and is comparatively high because the milk is believed to contain two protein groups: the casein and whey protein. The milk has 80% of casein protein and is specified as A2 milk. By research and observation, it is believed that the consumption of the A2 milk has some improvements in health such as reducing autism, type 1 diabetes, neurological disorders, immunity problems, endocrine disorders and symptoms of schizophrenia. The cow’s milk has an average of 4.69 to 4.97% of fat in its milk.


Economics Of Gir Cow Farming.

An estimation of rearing Gir cow is given here. This can be taken as an example for beginning a farm for cow farming. The minimum basic investment details for farming are provided here and not the entire structure of the project. The cost details may change depending on the location and also the demand of the cattle in the area.

The cost of the cow shed for 4 cows, 40 sqft/ cow@ Rs 250/ sqft 40,000
The cost of the calf shed for 4 cows, 20 sqft/ cow@ Rs 250/ sqft 20,000
Cows produce 10 liters milk @ Rs 30000 transports 1,20,000
Transportation per cow is  Rs 1000 so for 4 cows 4,000
Hand operated chaff cutter 10,000
Appliances needed for the dairy are Rs 1000 per cow 4,000
Electrification of the farm 12,000
Total recurring capital 2,10,000
Feed cost for cows for one month 5,000
Animal insurance about 5% of the animal cost 6,000
Cultivation of fodder in 1-acre land 10,000
Cost of vaccine and electricity, extra emergency costs 9,000
Total Expenditure 30,000
Total farm cost 2,40,000

This above estimation is done when:

  • The cost of Gir cow is: Rs 30000/ cow (Usually, good milk yielder Gircow price starts from Rs 60,000 and may go beyond Rs2,00,000. But we took on very very lower side price for this project report).
  • Milk yield (average): 10 liters/day
  • Space required for each animal is: 40 sqft. (Cow)
  • Space required for each animal is: 20 sqft (calf)
  • Construction cost of 1 sqft area: Rs 250
  • Cost of equipment required per animal: Rs 1000
  • Concrete feed cost: Rs 16/kg
  • Dry fodder cost: Rs 1/kg
  • Animals reared: 4.

The profit in Gir Cow Farming  from the above estimation can be analysed as follows:

Each cow produces average milk each day: 10 litres (4 cows: 40 litres)

The selling price of 1 litre milk: Rs 27

The price of 40 litre of milk for 1 day: Rs 1080

The total income for a month is: Rs 32,400

Annual Income: Rs 3,88,800

So the net profit in Gir Cow Farming is (annually): Rs 1,48,800

The price of the cow and the value of milk both have changed due to the fact that these cows produce nutritious milk which can help people overcome health problems.


Several research institutes have started developmental activities to preserve the breed as well as improve its current condition. The All India Coordinated Research Project on Cattle for Genetic Improvement is producing a crossbred of Gir with other exotic breeds so that the new breed is suitable for the present day environmental conditions. The progeny of the Gir cattle are being tested by the Animal Husbandry Department and Project Directorate on Cattle for gene improvement. The bulls are tested on gene improvement and superior quality of the germplasm is used for other developmental programmes. It is known recently that the breed is on the vulnerable list in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) data. The National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources is handling projects to conserve the breed of Gir cattle. The qualitative and quantitative traits of the breed are characterised to study the molecular aspects of genes and breed descriptors. They conserve the germplasm of the animal.

Read Microgreens Farming.

Read Hydroponic Growing System.


  1. From where I can get Gir cow for Rs.30,000? I searched but i can’t find healthy Gir cow in your figure of Rs. 30,000. I want to set 20 Gir cow farming at Ahmadabad in Gujarat.

  2. Dear “Agifarming”
    I’m interested in GIR cow farming. As I stay in Hyderabad, Telangana; how can I get the cows to my place from Gujarat?
    I’ll be very thankful if you can give the actuals in starting a cow farm in my place.

    Thank you

    • There are people who are having Gir Cow Farm near by Shamsabad. They got them from Gujarat. You need to visit places in Gujarat and buy and get them by road transport.

  3. HI Agri Farming Team,

    At first thanks for sharing the information regarding the Indian Cattle Breed Gir and their specialities. I want to start a Dairy farm in my village near Tirupathi Chitoor District. I have 1 acre 19 Cents land overe there. I am working in MNC in Hyderabd. Could you please just let me know how to select the more specific breeds like GIR and how to identify a good one out of them, as i am starting the firm on my own. So any good suggestions will be appreciated as to how we will select the cows.

    Many Thanks

  4. Hello,
    Very nice info shared here on almost all projects I searched so far. Though I am specialized in Button Mushrooms & its allied projects, I wish to setup Dairy Farming unit of min 10 Cows (All Indian breed) at my native place Akkalkot (Solapur). So kindly mail me the feasibility report along with your consultancy services, charges etc.
    I am also interested in Quinova, Chia & Bamboo farming.

  5. Hi, please if you make a project report for the RAS fish farming system along with total expenditure and total income along with net profit at least for 10 ton of production. As I know you have made a detailed report, but not mention these things. Please mention required area also.

  6. Hello Agri friends , myself Gourishankar(my what’s app no -7676564636) from Karnataka state,Vijayapura District ,who are interested to do farming with Gir , Tarparkar,sahiwal, kankrej cow etc ..will make one group so that we can buy large number of cows directly from well-known breeders of Gujarat and Rajasthan & transportation cost will also reduced.

  7. Hi,mostly in Saurashtra region the people feed groundnut cake to Gir cows so when we buy these cows for other region like North Gujarat where groundnut cake is generally not used,here farmer provides mostly their co-operative dairy`s BIS type 2 concentrate so not get the production like Gir region.
    How to over come this ?here good quality gn cake is not available.
    Secondly which dry fodder is best (Guwar Gotri/Ground nut cake plants or mix of that with wheat straw or juwar straw

  8. Namaste,
    I am from Nagpur and am interested in setting up a dairy farm with Gir Cows. Are any Gir Cows available in or near by Nagpur?

  9. Dear Sir
    I would like to start the dairy farming in Udupi disct. karnataka. How can I proceed & how to get the guidence
    Pls assist

  10. Hai this is Balaraju from telanganna in warangal district i want totally ditailes for gir cow where it availably, there contact number and address i will start millk business and how maintenence could give trainning or suuggestion.

  11. Hi friends,

    I want to start Gir cow dairy business with modern technique in Delhi-NOIDA BELT.Please guide me how to start and can have practical cum theoretical knowledge and what are other highly profitable business related agro business.

  12. Hi,

    I am planning to start a farm with 5 animals, location is 250 km from Chennai, Tamil Nadu.. How much I may need to get 4 cows? With transportation?


  13. Read the information regarding the rearing of Gir cows, was very helpful thank you. I want to start the diary farming of the above mentioned at Bokaro Steel City, Jharkhand please guide me the nearest point for the purchase of this breed and will the geographical and climatic conditions be favorable for this breed.

  14. Hi I am from Warangal (Telangana), planning to establish fair cow dairy farms.Where to buy GIR cows.How to chose the best one among them?Is it available near Hyderabad or Warangal?

  15. Sir
    I am interested in Gir cow farming near Satara Maharashtra, we shall I get good quality of Gir cows, pl guide me.

  16. Hi,
    I am Bhushan from Belgaum , state Karnataka. I am interested in dairy farming of for cows. I belong to agriculture family with already having dairy farm of 4 cows. Now I interested in gir cows farming.
    I want information about suitable condition and whether in belgaum for Gir cow.
    Please guide me.

  17. Hello sir I want to start a business regarding dairy farming with gir cow at pune so plz help me ..
    From where I can get that gir cow?? And what’s the lowest price for purchase

    • Hi Anushree,
      Have you gone ahead with your plan? How is your experience and where do you have the dairy farm? Can you please share your contact no.
      J N Dixit

  18. Hello sir very good information and it is very helpful for people like me.
    I have a Gir cow in my house (independent villa) we do Pooja once a week, And I want to start a cow farming but my only doubt is how to sell the milk to the public or what are the means to sell the products ? Especially milk ? Please answer it.

  19. Hi Agrifarm,
    I am Maheshwar Reddy ,I am doing system administrator job, but I have looking for farming, where to I have purchase cow’s in Gujarat can you please provide local address and phone number in Gujarat.

  20. I Want To Start Dairy Farm With 10 Cross Breed Of Hf And Jersey, Could You Please Give Me The Estimates For The Project..

  21. Hello Jagdish,

    how can i get in touch with you…is there an email address or a mobile number. I am from Allahabad would like to consult you regarding Gir cows.



  22. I’m very interested in cow farming, but our financial situation is not good. Please give me some ideas to loan facilities.

  23. Hi All,
    I want to start Desi Cow dairy farm in Konkan area. I want to know which cow breed is suitable in konkan as it is high rainfall and high humidity region. Also does a standalone Desi cow dairy farm is profitable, say to start with 10-15 cows?
    Somewhere I read that each cow fetch 10-12 K of net profit approximately per month? is it correct information.
    I understand that there are various other aspects to be considered.

    J N Dixit

  24. Sir, I belong to the Himalayan state of Jammu and Kashmir, as u know we have here various types of weather conditions like in winters it can go as severe as -12 and in summer it can go up to 30 degrees. So I had a wish to start a dairy farm and you are requested to suggest me a cold-resistant cow’s with high milk yielding capabilities

  25. Sir I started a farm in Odisha where I gone to grow about 10 Gir cow please tell me how can I buy Gir cows and what is the cost and how they live all procedure .

  26. I want to set up a unit of diary with 4 cows of gir breed and 4 cows of jersey breed can I keep this two breeds in the same shed under one roof

  27. Hi, I am from Kolkata. We have approx 3 acres of land where we intend to set up an agri tourism project. One of the component of the proposed project is to setup an in-house dairy, for which we want to start the initiative with world famous Gir Cow. Please let us know how can we get authentic Gir Cows at our place in affordable price. Waiting for your reply


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