Goat Farming in Rajasthan: Step-By-Step Guide, Business Plan, Breeds, Setup Cost, Profit, and Requirements

Goat farming is a lucrative business in Rajasthan that can provide farmers with a steady income. Goat farming is increasingly becoming popular in India due to multiple reasons. First, the rising demand for goat milk and meat is making many farmers plunge into goat farming. The government and various social organizations on their part are also encouraging goat farming as a means to fight unemployment and eradicate poverty.

Goat Farming in Rajasthan

Goat farming in Rajasthan

Best location to raise goat farming in Rajasthan

Choose a location that offers good soil and plenty of rainfall. Most goats prefer semi-arid or arid regions as they provide enough grass to graze on while also being easy to manage. However, if you’re looking to get into goat farming as a full-time business, you’ll need to consider location further down the list since you’ll need to invest in fencing and other necessary equipment.

Goat farming important in Rajasthan

  • Goat farming requires less land than traditional livestock production practices. With goat farming, you can still produce enough milk and meat to meet your needs while also taking care of the environment. 
  • Rajasthan is one of the most popular states for goat farming in India. This is because the state has a temperate climate with plenty of rainfall and fertile soil.
  • For one, the state has a large area of land ideal for goat farming. Additionally, the climate in Rajasthan is perfect for goats as they can withstand hot weather and harsh weather conditions.

Where is the goat farmed in Rajasthan?

Goat farming is a popular agricultural activity in Rajasthan, with good reason – the state has a variety of climates that are ideal for growing this livestock. The regions where goat farming is most prevalent in Rajasthan include the Thar desert, Jaisalmer district, and Sikar district. Of course, goats can also be found in other parts of the state, but these three regions have the best conditions. 

In case you missed it: Feed Management of Sheep and Goats: Formulation, Ingredients, Organic, DIY Feed mix, and Feeding Practices

Goat Farmi Fencing

Is goat farming profitable in Rajasthan?

Yes, all of these are profitable, and the best goat breeds in India for goat farming are best suitable for stall-fed goat farming. However, there are several important factors to consider when starting up a goat farm in Rajasthan, including the cost of setup and equipment, breeds of available goats, profit margins, and marketing strategies.

Requirements for starting goat farming in Rajasthan

  • To begin goat farming in Rajasthan, you must purchase a goat farm or acquire land. You will also need to purchase fencing material and domestic animals such as chickens, cows, and pigs to help keep your goats fed and healthy. 
  • Goats require at least 1 acre per 20 goats, but they can graze on up to 10 acres.
  • Goats are adapted to various climates, so look for one that is temperate or warm with some rainfall.
  • You will need access to water and pastureland. In addition, you will need a shelter for the goats, fencing for enclosing the pasture, and tools for tending the farm.
  • A business plan is essential when starting any business. It provides information about your goals and how you plan to achieve them. For example, the business plan for goat farming in Rajasthan should outline your target market, your marketing strategy, and your financial projections.

Create a goat farming business plan in Rajasthan

1. Research the market potential for goat farming in your region. There is potential for niche marketing if you focus on specific areas such as organic production, artisanal production, or regional specialty products.

In case you missed it: Homemade Goat Feed Recipes: How to Make, Organic, Ingredients, and Simple DIY Goat Feed Mix

Goat Farming

2. Calculate your setup costs and initial investment. This will include the cost of land, fencing, feed, and equipment needed to get started. You can also expect to incur marketing expenses and other start-up costs associated with starting a new business.

3. Get prepared for fencing and other necessary equipment purchases. Goats will need access to pastureland, so you’ll need to buy fencing materials and perhaps also build a pen for them to live in while they’re being fenced in. You may also need livestock gates, feeders, water troughs, and more. Make sure you have all the permits before starting any construction projects.

4. Start setting up your farm infrastructure and erecting shelters for the goats, building pens and fences, acquiring feed and water supplies, etc. Once everything is ready, start bringing in the goats.

5. Develop your business plan. This will outline your goals for the farm and what resources (manpower, money, customer base) you will need to achieve them. Identifying any regulatory requirements that may affect your operation is also important.

6. Research your state’s goat farming regulations. To raise goats legally in Rajasthan, you’ll need a permit from the local authorities. Make sure you understand the requirements before starting your farm.

7. Purchase proper fencing materials and equipment. You’ll need fencing to keep your goats inside the property and away from traffic, predators, and other livestock units. Make sure to purchase high-quality fencing materials that will last long enough for your farm ventures (typically 10-15 years). Also, invest in adequate animal containment systems (such as goat corrals or movable pens) if needed, as these can help reduce losses caused by theft or disease outbreaks on your farmsteads.

8. Evaluate your profitability potential over time and make necessary adjustments to ensure success. Goats are known for their high yields, so it is important to plan for sustainable growth while minimizing risk factors like price volatility or seasonal fluctuations in demand.

In case you missed it: Key Rules to Start Goat Farming in Denmark: Business Plan, Setup Cost, Profit, and Management

Goat Farming in Rajasthan Step By Step Guide Business Plan Breeds Setup Cost Profit and Requirements4

Key rules for starting goat farming in Rajasthan

  1. Choose the right location for your farm. Goats require plenty of pasture, so a farm located in a sunny area is ideal.
  2. Get started with an accurate business plan. Before you begin goat farming, ensure you have an accurate business plan and financial resources to support your venture.
  3. You’ll need to set up your farm properly – build fences, buy feed and water troughs, and construct shelters for your goats. 
  4. Consider the breeds of goats available in Rajasthan. Several different breeds of goats are available in Rajasthan, each with its characteristics and production potential.
  5. Prepare for setup costs and ongoing expenses. Setup costs for goat farming include fencing, feed, water, and insurance. Ongoing expenses include health care, vet bills, and equipment repairs or replacement.
  6. Monitor your farm’s profitability closely to ensure sustainable success. Keep track of your farm’s profitability yearly to ensure that you make a profit on your investment (and avoid any costly mistakes along the way).

Goat farming set up cost in Rajasthan

The setup cost for goat farming in Rajasthan varies depending on the farm size and type you decide to set up. This includes buying land, building structures such as pens and shelters, purchasing livestock (goats and sheep), and initial expenses such as fencing and irrigation systems. Setup cost for goat farming in Rajasthan ranges from Rs. 5 lahks to Rs. 10 lahks. Profit can be earned by selling milk, meat, wool, and other products derived from goats.

Goat farming problems in Rajasthan

One of the most common problems that Goat farmers in Rajasthan face is competition from other forms of agriculture. There is a lot of demand for farmland in Rajasthan, and many people are looking to invest in agriculture. This means a lot of pressure on Goat farmers to sell their animals to slaughterhouses or market them at low prices. Goat farming also requires lots of land. Therefore, it can be difficult for Goat farmers to find land to farm their animals.

In case you missed it: Indigenous Veld Goat Farming in Africa: How to Start, Business Plan for Rasing to Care

Goat Farm

This problem can be resolved by investing in land, but it can also be resolved by forming partnerships with other Goat farmers. Another common problem that Goat farmers in Rajasthan face is a disease. Goats are susceptible to diseases, which can lead to livestock loss. Therefore, Goat farmers need to keep an eye on their animals and ensure they take appropriate care of them. Goats are primarily affected by weather conditions such as heat and rain; if these conditions are not favorable, their milk production may suffer.

Goat farming challenges in Rajasthan

The first challenge is finding adequate land for a goat farm. Rajasthan has much fertile land perfect for goats but finding an owner willing to sell you their property can be difficult. There are also government programs that allow farmers to lease government-owned land at reduced rates, so look into those options first.

The second challenge is securing enough water for the goats. Goats need plenty of water to drink, and they will quickly drain an area of land if they aren’t supplied with enough rain or irrigation. Install proper watering systems for the goats, and ensure you have access to plenty of freshwater sources. Finally, remember that goats are herd animals and require other animals (usually cows) to help feed and care for them.

Goat breeds originating in Rajasthan

The state is home to various goat breeds suited for specific climatic conditions, so it’s important to research which ones are right for your region. Many breeds of goats can be raised in Rajasthan, such as the Sahiwal, Saanen, Toggenburg, and Oberhasli. Some other goat breeds are;

  • Sirohi goat – Sirohi is one of the popular goat breeds of India. This goat breed originated in Rajasthan. The main advantage of this goat breed is that it can survive in any climate condition or any region of India; that’s why Sirohi became the first choice for commercial goat farming or stall-fed goat farming. This goat breed comes under the category of large-size goat breed. Sirohi goat originated in Rajasthan and is available in large quantities in Ajmer, Jalore, Tonk Sirohi, Udaipur, Jaipur, and the cities of Rajasthan.
  • Barbari goat – Barabri is the best productive goat breed in India. Barbari is known for high milk production and multiple kids in a single gestation period. Most of the time, it gives birth to twins, triplets, and quadruplets. The udder size of this breed is large. 
  • Sojat Goat – Sojat is an unrecognized goat breed in India, but it is one of the popular goat breeds in India. This goat breed originated in the Pali district of Rajasthan.

Goat farming loans and subsidies in Rajasthan

One of the leading advantages of acquiring such loans is that the individual gets a capital resource for starting farming. Lack of sufficient finances is a significant hurdle for many aspiring to start an animal husbandry farm. The next advantage of acquiring a loan is that several banks provide insurance along with loans for animal husbandry. This gives the animal farm owner additional profit and financial security.

In case you missed it: Key Rules to Improve Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) in Sheep: For Profitable Sheep Farming

Simple Goat Farm Fencing

NABARD is at the forefront of providing loans for goat farming at very attractive rates. It offers loans to borrowers in association with different financial institutions like:

  • Commercial banks
  • Regional rural banks
  • State cooperative agriculture and Rural development banks
  • State cooperative banks
  • Urban banks
  • Other institutions that are eligible for re-finance from NABARD

Under the scheme, a borrower receives 25-35% of money spent on purchasing goats as a subsidy. People belonging to SC/ST community and the BPL category can get a subsidy of up to 33%, while others belonging to OBCs are liable for a 25% subsidy with a maximum amount of Rs. 2.5 lakh.

Get a subsidy for goat farming in Rajasthan: Procedure

  • Visit any local agriculture or a regional bank with the NABARD of your respective area.
  • Visit the office and get the relevant department’s application form for a subsidy.
  • Please fill out the application form with essential information and details, which should be attested with the applicant’s signature.
  • Attach all the documents in the “Required Documents” section.
  • Then, submit the application form along with the business plan to get approval from the NABARD to the relevant authority. Also, pay the required fees for the process at the office as directed by the officials. Finally, ensure you get the receipt for the fee and keep it safe for future reference.
  • The application and attached documents will be sent for verification to check for any discrepancies.
  • A technical officer will visit and inquire about the farm before sanctioning the subsidy.
  • After all the processes are completed, the subsidy amount is sanctioned, and the money is transferred to the borrower’s account.
  • It takes 30-45 days to sanction the subsidy to the borrower’s account.
  • The office will inform the applicant about the sanction of the subsidy in person or by any suitable means.

In case you missed it: How to Start Sheep Farming in Israel: Business Plan, Key Rules, Breeds, Cost, Profit, and Management

Goat Feeding


Individuals, registered partnership firms, cooperatives, and companies are eligible to apply for the subsidy for Goat farming. The farmer must have adequate experience in goat farming. In addition, the farmer should have adequate space to house the animals, veterinary care facilities, and secure marketing facilities. All Individual farmers/groups with requisite infrastructure and technical background in goat farming are eligible.

Goat farming profit in Rajasthan

There is a growing demand for people in Rajasthan prefer to keep goats as their pets. The primary reason behind this preference is that goats provide milk, which can be used for consumption or sold. It is not difficult to get started with goat farming in Rajasthan; all you need is some land and some livestock. The average goat farm in Rajasthan can produce around 1,500 kg of milk daily, which translates to an annual profit of around Rs. 12 lahks. 


Goat farming is a popular agricultural activity in Rajasthan. It is the fifth most important livestock producer in the state and accounts for over 60% of the total goat production in India. In Rajasthan, goat farming is a popular agricultural activity. This is because the state has a large population of goats and a variety of climates conducive to goat farming.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here