Greenhouse Cost and Profit Details Guide

Greenhouse Cost and Profits:

Greenhouse Rose cultivation
Greenhouse Rose cultivation.

Cost of Greenhouse Construction and Profits:-What is Greenhouse? Basically greenhouse is a framed structure covered with a transparent material. Greenhouse provides the controlled environment conditions for growing vegetable crops and flower crops. In India, Greenhouse concept is picking up due to controlled cultivation under less area with higher yields compared to open land cultivation. Initial investment cost would be high in greenhouse cultivation. However there is a option for going for loan/subsidy in case of constructing a greenhouse. To reduce the initial cost, one can prefer to go for low cost or low tech greenhouse where simple structure is constructed with local materials like bamboos, wood etc.

In this article, let us take a model for production of Rose cut flowers for export market and domestic market as well along with cost of greenhouse construction.

Following are the main project components involved in greenhouses construction:

  • Procuring land needed. (Selecting a site location is very important, choosing a site near by local market is a good idea)
  • Setting up or constructing the greenhouse (includes material).
  • Procuring planting material.
  • Procuring Irrigation material.
  • Procuring fertilization system.
  • Procuring grading and packing area.
  • Procuring refrigerated van.
  • Procuring office equipment.
  • Procuring Import of technology.
  • Labour charges for setting up all above components.
  • Hiring technical manpower.
  • Procuring Pesticides, Fertilizers and preservatives.

There are 2 types cost components involved in greenhouse cultivation

1) Fixed cost component –>Permanent items cost. For example, land cost, greenhouse construction material /irrigation/other required material.

2) Recurring Cost—-> plantation cost, cultivation, maintenance/labour, storage, packing & transport costs.

Find the detailed rough cost estimate for both cost components:

This below cost chart is for one hectare greenhouse to produce Rose cut flowers.

There are government schemes and subsidies and bank loans are available for setting greenhouse, contact your nearest horticulture/agriculture department for subsidies.

Initial investment by entrepreneur and repayment info:

  • 25% of the total cost of the project has to be invested by the entrepreneur
  • Principal and interest are to be repayable in 7 years with a moratorium for the 1st year on interest and for two years on principal amount.

Fixed cost details are given below.

No. Items involved Amount in Indian Rupees (lakhs)
1. Land and development cost 4.0
2. Green house cost 13.0
3. Cold storage  cost  10.0
4. Grading and packing room cost 5.0
5. Office area  cost 2.5
6. Refrigerated van cost 1.0
7. Generator set  cost 2.0
8. Fax, telephone, Computer cost 1.0
9. Furniture cost 0.5
10. Power supply installations cost 2
11. Water supply system, drip irrigation and misting liners cost 6.0
12. Planting materials and planting cost 30.0
Total fixed cost of the green house 77 lakhs

Recurring costs details are given below.

No. Items Involved Amount in Indian Rupees ( lakhs)
1. Electricity charges / year 6.0
2. Manures and fertilizers cost 1.0
3. Plant protection cost 1.0
4. Preservatives  cost 3.0
5. Packing material cost 2.0
6. Air freight charges 125.0
7. Labour charges 3.0
8. Commission / duty/ insurance cost 15.0
9. Salaries for employees 5.0
10. Overhead costs 0.5
11. Maintenance cost 1.0
12. Miscellaneous costs 4
Total recurring cost in greenhouses cultivation 166.5

Total investment for setting up and maintaining the greenhouse project = Fixed cost + Recurring cost = 77 + 166.5 in first year= 243.5 (2 crore 43 lakhs and 50 thousands rupees).

Now let us look into the project yield:-

  • Quantity of rose plants per hectare of greenhouse = 60,000
  • Quantity of rose flowers expected per plant = 100 to 150
  • Quantity of exportable quality rose flowers /plant = 60 to 100
  • Price per rose flower in international market = Rs. 6 to 11
  • Total quantity of exportable flowers per hectare @ 100 flowers /plant = 60 lakhs flowers
  • Gross income through exports @ 50 flowers/plant = 300 lakhs (3 crores) (minimum).

These costs may vary depending on the type of green house construction and current market value of the material.

Types of greenhouses and their costs involved:    

S.No. Type of Greenhouses Cost/ in Rupees
1 Low cost greenhouses without fan and pad. 300 to 500
2 Medium-tech greenhouses with pad and fan system without automation. 800 to 1100
3 Hi-tech greenhouses with fully automatic system. 2000 to 3500        

For Sheep farming or Goat Farming Information: Read Here.

Read about Growing Dragon Fruit In Pots.


  1. I Am An Engineer By Profession. Want To Install Poly House With Hydroponic System In 3 Ha Area In West Uttarpradesh. What Is The Optimum Height One Must Go For 3 Tier Production And To Calculate Wind Pressure Etc From Where I Will Get First Hand Info For My Area I.e West Up.can U Help Me In Getting Best Available Liquid Organic Fertilizers.

  2. Dear Sir,

    To start with as a hobby, I am looking for Hi-tech Greenhouse with fully automatic system at my residence in a town in Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh. I have a open space of 250 Sq.ft.

    Going forward, I have plans to expand the Greenhouse model.

    Please advise.

  3. I am looking for green house on long term lease of 5 to 10 years in and around Mumbai and Pune
    Any one interested to lease please share details

  4. sir, I couldn’t understand please tell me I want to start an agriculture so low-cost greenhouse price in Nepal
    I am from in Nepal and I want vegetable agriculture in my village.

  5. I am planning to start green house farming, but I want to understand more about it, I want to know what is the minimum Area we can grow the farm in (for commercial purpose) what would be the expense.
    If we start how much would Telangana Govt will give us subscidy and how to claim it.

  6. सर पाली हाउस का 2000 वर्ग मीटर( प्लांट सहित) का कुल कितना खर्चा आता है??

  7. Sir Iam a farmer plese tell the suggestions to built greenhouse with very low cost per 1 heater i hope you will give me some suggestions.

  8. I have own land around 2 acres can I start this ? I am from Odisha, Dist- sundargarh. Kindly give me contact no of local agriculture centre ?

  9. Hello What will be the cost for constructing a greenhouse on a 47’x47′ and 20-25 ft high with fibre material (Not film). I want to construct this near Kolkata.

  10. Respected Sir,

    I am Market Researcher and Development Officer in reputed company EXCEL IMPEX INC . We have planned to start greenhouse project on large scale near Brampton , Canada. I wish to know authentic information regarding effective estimate in terms of cost for our greenhouse farming project. I wish to know the planned price estimates of essential supplies required for starting largescale greenhouse project in 4 acres of agriculture land .I request you to provide the authentic information for construction of greenhouse project for farming of vegetables/flowers/vegetables and estimate price with checklist of essential material required for its construction. Your good advice will help us to plan our finances to start this project. Please provide list of irrigation products, solar heaters, other essential products for greenhouse with price/cost.

    I will remain obliged to you for providing useful information and helping us to start this greenhouse project with good knowledge .

    I request you to provide the authentic information regarding design costs and construction costs of customized greenhouse project at 4 acres of agricultural farm. Your good advice will help us to plan our finances to start this project. Please provide list of irrigation products, solar heaters, other essential products for greenhouse with price/cost.

    I will remain obliged to you for providing useful information and helping us to start this greenhouse project with good knowledge .

    Yours thankfully,

  11. Hi, Is there any training in Green house farming in India let me know in which states Trainings are being conducted. any contact details and mails ID to be in touch with you

  12. Sir, I’m from Hosur, Tamilnadu, I need more details about it and we need to make the green house in our own property and what about the details of subsidy of our TN. Govt and how long to take it make a project in that we farming a roses of 1.35 acer it possible to make it, please let me know sir


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