Greenhouse Farming in Australia: How to Start, Cost, Crops, and Subsidy

It is a type of agriculture system that uses controlled environmental conditions to cultivate plants indoors. This method has many benefits, including increased crop yields and the ability to grow crops year-round. Greenhouse farming is a growing trend in Australia and with good reason. The country has all the necessary resources to support a thriving greenhouse agriculture industry, and the climate is ideal for cultivation.

Greenhouse Farming in Australia
Image Source

Greenhouse farming in Australia

What is greenhouse farming?

  • It involves the use of artificial climate systems to grow plants. These systems are most commonly used to produce fruits, vegetables, and flowers, but they can also be used to grow other types of plants. Additionally, Australian agriculture is geared towards sustainable practices, meaning that greenhouse farming is more environmentally friendly than traditional farming.
  • In Australia, greenhouse farming is most commonly used to produce vegetables. This type of farming is often referred to as ‘monoculture’ because the crops are grown in one large area. However, monoculture production can be problematic because it results in a high rate of yield decline. It is also difficult to regulate the environment inside the greenhouse, which can lead to problems such as pests and diseases.

Benefits of greenhouse farming in Australia

  • Greenhouse farming has become a popular option for food production in Australia due to the country’s warm and temperate climate. 
  • The advantages of greenhouse farming are that it is a very efficient way to produce food. In addition, greenhouse crops typically require only half the space traditional crops do. This is because greenhouse systems use artificial light and air conditioning to keep the plants warm and moist.
  • Greenhouse farming is more cost-effective than traditional methods because technology controls conditions inside the greenhouse, reducing the need for land, fertilizer, and water.
  • Greenhouse farmers can produce more food with less land than traditional farmers. One study found that greenhouse growers could produce as much food as traditional farmers on half the land area.
  • In addition, greenhouse farming provides food security for Australia’s growing population. By producing crops using less land and energy, greenhouse farmers can reduce carbon emissions while providing safe and nutritious food for people across the country. 
  • Another advantage of greenhouse farming is that it allows farmers to extend the growing season. This is because greenhouse systems provide year-round growth conditions for plants. 
  • Firstly, greenhouse farming allows for year-round production, which is important in Australia, where weather conditions vary significantly from season to season. Secondly, greenhouse farming is more efficient than traditional methods, using less land and resources. Finally, greenhouse farming is environmentally friendly – it does not require pesticides or herbicides, which are harmful to the environment.

In case you missed it: Greenhouse Farming in Canada: How to Start, Cost, Crops, and Requirements

Greenhouse Cucumber Farming
Image Source

How does greenhouse farming work?

A greenhouse is a structure that is used to protect plants from the environmental conditions outside. Greenhouses are made of glass, plastic, or other materials and can be either fixed or movable. They are most commonly used in colder climates to protect plants during summer. In Australia, greenhouse farming is growing in popularity as a way to produce crops without pesticides or other artificial fertilizers.

To operate a greenhouse in Australia, you will need a permit from the relevant government agency. Depending on the season, you will also need to heat and cool the structure as required. Greenhouse farming is suitable for crops with high humidity levels, such as tomatoes and cucumbers. It is also popular for producing flowers and vegetables resistant to disease or pests.

Greenhouse vegetable production in Australia

  • Greenhouse vegetable production in Australia is a popular and sustainable way to grow produce year-round. Many greenhouses can be used for vegetable production, including hoop houses, tunnel foundations, and glass tube greenhouses.
  • Greenhouse sizes range from small hoop houses holding up to 10 plants to large glass tube greenhouses holding hundreds of plants.
  • The soil type used in a greenhouse also plays an important role in vegetable production. Soils that are fertile and have good drainage are ideal for growing vegetables in a greenhouse. Many gardens supply their soil, but if not, commercial composts or seed starting mixes can be used as substitute soils.
  • Another important factor when growing vegetables in a greenhouse are the temperature. Vegetables grown in colder climates need to be heated to temperatures ranging from 18-25°C, while vegetables grown in warmer climates need temperatures ranging from 25-30°C. Heating systems can be installed inside or outside of the greenhouse.
  • If you are interested in starting your own greenhouse vegetable production business in Australia, many resources are available to help you get started. Local gardening societies may have information on how to set up your garden and offer ongoing support, and online resources such as gardening forums or websites will provide additional information and advice on greenhouse farming techniques and crops that are best suited for Australian climates

What types of crops can be grown in a Greenhouse in Australia?

Australia has a temperate climate which is conducive to growing a variety of crops in greenhouses. Greenhouses can grow vegetables, fruits, flowers, and ornamentals. Some crops grown in greenhouses include bell peppers, cucumbers, eggplants, garlic, lettuce, tomatoes, and zucchini. Greenhouse farming is an effective way to produce high-quality vegetables and fruits in a controlled environment.

It is also an environmentally friendly method of agriculture because greenhouse gas emissions are eliminated or reduced significantly compared to traditional farming methods. In Australia, greenhouse farming is mainly used to produce vegetables and fruits. The most common crops grown in greenhouses are tomatoes, strawberries, grapes, and peppers. Greenhouse farming has become increasingly popular in Australia because it is an efficient way to produce crops.

In case you missed it: Greenhouse Farming in South Africa: How to Start, Crops, and Cultivation Practices

Greenhouse Modern Equipement
Image Source

In addition, greenhouses allow farmers to grow crops indoors without needing special equipment or land. This makes greenhouse farming an attractive option for farmers who have limited space or want to produce seasonal crops. The most popular crops grown in greenhouses are cucumbers.

Cucumbers are versatile vegetables that can be eaten fresh or used in recipes. They require minimal care and can be harvested easily from the greenhouse. Other popular crops grown in greenhouses include Tomatoes, Strawberries, Lettuce, Kale, and Eggplants. Some crops that can be grown in a greenhouse in Australia Are Tomatoes, Cucumbers, Peppers, Peas, Beans, Strawberries, Grapes, and herbs. 

Top states for greenhouse farming in Australia

  • Australia has a long history of greenhouse farming, dating back to the 1950s when the first glasshouses were built in Queensland. Over the years, greenhouse farming has developed into an essential part of the Australian agricultural sector, with production now accounting for around 3% of Australia’s total agricultural output.
  • Greenhouse farming is defined as any cultivation that is carried out in a controlled environment. Greenhouse farming allows farmers to produce crops year-round, which makes it particularly suited to regions with short growing seasons.
  • Australia’s top five greenhouse farming states are Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia, and Tasmania. Together, these states account for around two-thirds of all greenhouse production in Australia.
  • Victoria is the largest producer of greenhouse vegetables in Australia, accounting for almost half of all greenhouse vegetables produced in the country. Victoria also leads the way in greenhouse fruit production, with apples and pears being some of the most popular fruits grown in greenhouses across Victoria.
  • Queensland is second on the list when it comes to overall greenhouse production capacity. Queensland is home to several large greenhouses operated by major farm groups such as Cargill and Monsanto. These greenhouses produce many crops, including tomatoes, peppers, and cucumbers.
  • New South Wales follows Queensland in terms of overall greenhouse production capacity. New South Wales also has several large greenhouses operated by major farm groups.

In case you missed it: 16 Key Rules for Effective Greenhouse Farm Management: From Planning to Reducing Production Cost

Greenhouse Farming
Image Source

What are the different types of greenhouse farms in Australia?

There are a few types of greenhouse farms in Australia, depending on the type of crops being grown.

  • Grow bags are small, simple greenhouses that can grow various plants, such as flowers or vegetables. These greenhouses are easy to set up and use and don’t require much maintenance.
  • Trellising systems are more complex and expensive than grow bags, but they allow farmers to produce large quantities of crops such as strawberries or tomatoes. Trellising systems involve wires to support the plants, making them stronger and allowing them to grow taller. It is a popular method of growing crops in Australia because it allows farmers to produce food year-round without worrying about the weather.
  • There are different types of greenhouse farming in Australia. These include intensive, semi-intensive, and extensive greenhouses. Intensive greenhouses produce high volumes of crops such as strawberries or tomatoes. Semi-intensive greenhouses are used for producing smaller quantities of crops such as apples or cucumbers. Finally, extensive greenhouses are used for growing various plants, including flowers and vegetables.
  • The most common type is the hoop house, which is made up of several hoops covered in plastic or glass. The hoops allow light to enter from all directions, while the plastic or glass keeps out the rain and cold. These greenhouses are perfect for summer crops like Tomatoes and Peppers, providing ample sunlight and warm temperatures.
  • Another popular type of greenhouse is the box frame greenhouse. These greenhouses are made of several large panels that can be opened to allow fresh air and sunlight. Box frame greenhouses are best for winter crops like cabbage and kale, as they provide cool temperatures and plenty of sun exposure.

Best time to start a Greenhouse farm in Australia

There are a few ways to start a greenhouse farm in Australia. One option is to buy an existing greenhouse and start farming inside it. You can also build your greenhouse using materials you can find around the home or local area.

The best time to start a greenhouse farm in Australia is during the winter when the weather is cold enough to keep plants warm but not too hot. If you’re starting a small-scale greenhouse farm, you may only need to use artificial lighting to maintain the plants’ growth patterns. However, if you’re starting a larger greenhouse farm, you’ll also need to use supplemental light.

Cost to build a greenhouse in Australia

Australia is one of the best locations in the world to grow crops using greenhouses. There are different ways to make a greenhouse; using earthenware or a concrete frame is the most common way to do it. The frame can be built in any shape, and you can choose what roofing material to use.

The cost to start a greenhouse depends on several factors, including the greenhouse size and the type of roofing material you choose. However, building a greenhouse typically costs between $10,000 and $25,000.

In case you missed it: How to Water Your Garden with Solar Power: For Home Gardening, Greenhouse, Polyhouse, and Outdoor

Greenhouse Strawberry Farming
Image Source

Number of greenhouses in Australia

There are currently around 60 greenhouses in Australia, most of which universities or research institutes operate. This number is expected to rise as the agricultural sector becomes increasingly interested in greenhouse farming to diversify their production. Greenhouses have several advantages over traditional farming methods, including producing year-round crops and controlling environmental conditions.

Potential problems with greenhouse farming in Australia

It is a type of agriculture that uses artificial lighting to regulate the temperature and humidity of crops. It has been touted as a potential solution to Australia’s increasing food security problems, but there are some potential problems with this type of farming.

  1. The first problem is that greenhouse farming can require a lot of energy. For example, one study found that the average greenhouse farm in Australia uses around 4 megawatts of electricity per hectare, which is about twice the amount used by an average Australian home. This means greenhouse farms need to be near renewable energy sources to avoid using too many fossil fuels.
  2. Another problem with greenhouse farming is that it can be very energy intensive. This means that if demand for food increases, greenhouse farmers may find it difficult to meet these demands without using more energy than they would have if they were growing traditional vegetables or fruit in open fields.
  3. Finally, there are environmental concerns associated with greenhouse farming. For example, greenhouse farms produce a lot of waste (both organic and inorganic), which needs to be disposed of properly, or it can negatively impact the environment.

Step-by-step process to starting a greenhouse business in Australia

Greenhouse farming in Australia can be a very lucrative business if done correctly. Below are important things you will need to start your greenhouse farming business in Australia:

  1. A property with enough space for the greenhouse, including an area for ventilation and storage of equipment.
  2. The necessary permits from local authorities.
  3. A reliable source of water, electricity, and heating for the greenhouse.
  4. The necessary seeds, plants, and equipment for starting a greenhouse farm.
  5. A marketing strategy to attract customers to your greenhouse business.

Factors affect the profitability of greenhouse farming

Many factors can affect the profitability of greenhouse farming in Australia. One key factor is the cost of electricity and other utilities required to operate a greenhouse and the availability of land on which to erect it. Additionally, greenhouse farmers may face higher production costs than traditional farmers due to the need to provide their crops with enhanced levels of nutrients and water and additional insurance against potential losses from pests or natural disasters.

Australia’s main greenhouse produce crops are vegetables, fruits, and flowers. Australian greenhouses have an estimated 1.5 million tonnes of vegetables annually, accounting for more than 50% of all greenhouse vegetables produced worldwide. A significant portion of this production is exported to various international markets.

In case you missed it: Top 22 Succulents to Grow at Home: in Pots, Indoors, Greenhouse, Problems, and Care

Greenhouse Tomato Farming
Image Source

Challenges of greenhouse farming in Australia

  • Despite these challenges, there are several reasons why greenhouse farming may be an attractive option for some Australian farmers. For example, greenhouse farming can help reduce input costs for growers, who may not need expensive pesticides or fertilizers. Additionally, greenhouse farming can result in healthier crops that are less likely to suffer from nutrient deficiencies or diseases. In some cases, this may lead to a reduction in food prices for consumers.
  • The main challenges of greenhouse farming in Australia include the harsh climate and the lack of available sunlight. In addition, greenhouse farming is not well suited to areas with high annual rainfall, as water is needed to keep the plants hydrated and protected from the harsh Australian climate. Another challenge is that Australia has a very low average temperature, which can result in lower yields and increased production costs.

Greenhouse subsidy in Australia

The Australian government offers subsidies for greenhouse farming, encouraging the production of vegetables and fruits in greenhouses. The subsidies are available to farmers who grow vegetables or fruits in greenhouses using Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA), a technology that helps produce crops under controlled conditions. The subsidy is based on the amount of CEA used and is available to both small and large growers. Greenhouse farming is a popular method for producing vegetables and fruits in Australia.

The Australian government offers subsidies for greenhouse farming, encouraging the production of vegetables and fruits in greenhouses. The subsidies are available to farmers who grow vegetables or fruits in greenhouses using Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA), a technology that helps produce crops under controlled conditions. The subsidy is based on the amount of CEA used and is available to both small and large growers.


Greenhouse farming is a sustainable way to produce crops in Australia. Greenhouse farming offers a more sustainable way to make food, eliminating the need for land use and water consumption. So, there you have it: greenhouse farming is quickly becoming Australia’s most popular type of agriculture, thanks to its many benefits.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here