Greenhouse Farming in Tamil Nadu: Crops, 1 Acre Greenhouse Cost, Subsidy, and Loan

Greenhouse farming in Tamil Nadu is a type of agriculture where crops are grown in an enclosure of transparent or translucent material to create optimal growing conditions. The main purpose of greenhouse farming is to extend the growing season and crops protected from harsh weather conditions. Greenhouse farming in Tamil Nadu can be a great way to get started in the agricultural industry.

Greenhouse Farming in Tamil Nadu

Greenhouse Farming in Tamil Nadu

What is Greenhouse Farming?

It is a type of agriculture where crops are grown in protected, controlled environments. Greenhouses can be used to grow various plants and flowers and can be found in various sizes. Greenhouse farming has many benefits, including controlling the environment, extending the growing season, and protecting crops from harsh weather conditions.

Scope of Greenhouse Farming in Tamil Nadu

Greenhouse farming in Tamil Nadu is increasingly popular due to the many advantages it offers farmers. The state offers a favorable climate for greenhouse cultivation, with warm temperatures and plenty of sunlight year-round. In addition, the government has implemented several initiatives to support farmers who want to start greenhouse farms, including subsidies and loans.

The climate in Tamil Nadu is ideal for growing a wide variety of crops. The state has many acres dedicated to agriculture, making it easy to find land for your greenhouse farm. The greenhouse farm set-up cost in Tamil Nadu is low compared to other states in India. The state is home to many farmers and has a long history of successful agriculture. Greenhouse farming in Tamil Nadu is a great way to increase yields and make the most available land. 

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Greenhouse Red Pepper Farming

Greenhouse Vegetable Production in Tamil Nadu

Greenhouse farming in Tamil Nadu is a profitable business venture for farmers. The state has a favorable climate for cultivating various crops throughout the year. The main crops grown in greenhouses in Tamil Nadu are Tomatoes, Cucumbers, Capsicums, Chillies, and Gourds.

These vegetables are in high demand in the local market and other parts of India. One acre of greenhouse vegetable production can yield around 10-15 tonnes. Greenhouse farming is an efficient way of producing fresh vegetables all year round and is a lucrative business opportunity for the farmers of Tamil Nadu.

Benefits of Greenhouse Farming in the Tamil Nadu

  1. Increased crop yields: Greenhouses provide an ideal environment for crops to grow more rapidly and produce higher yields.
  2. Improved quality: Crops grown in greenhouses are often of superior quality due to the more controlled environment.
  3. Protected from weather extremes: Greenhouses can protect crops from extreme weather conditions, such as high winds, heavy rains, and excessive heat or cold. This is especially beneficial in regions with unpredictable or extreme weather patterns.
  4. Reduced pesticide and herbicide use: The controlled environment of a greenhouse allows farmers to reduce or eliminate the use of pesticides and herbicides. This can lead to reduced costs and improved environmental stewardship.
  5. Increased efficiency: Greenhouses can be designed and operated to maximize efficiency, lowering production costs.

Is Greenhouse Farming Profitable in Tamil Nadu?

Greenhouse farming in Tamil Nadu can be quite profitable if done correctly. The key to success in greenhouse farming is choosing the right crops to grow and having a good marketing plan. Many different types of greenhouse crops can be grown in Tamil Nadu, so it is important to do some research and choose the ones that will do well in your climate and that you think will be popular with buyers.

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Greenhouse Vegetable Farming

Crops are Grown Under Greenhouses in Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu has various crops, including vegetables, fruits, flowers, and spices. The state produces 30% of India’s total vegetables and 10% of the country’s total fruit crop. Greenhouse farming allows farmers to grow these crops year-round, providing a consistent supply to the market and ensuring that prices remain stable throughout the year. These crops require a warm and humid environment to thrive, making greenhouses an ideal option. Farmers in Tamil Nadu have increased their yields by using greenhouses.

Greenhouses allow farmers to control various variables such as temperature, humidity, and pests, which results in higher yields and quality products. It requires relatively less land than traditional open-field agriculture, making it an attractive option for small farmers. The most popular crops grown in Tamil Nadu greenhouses are Tomatoes, Cucumbers, Bell Peppers, Eggplants, Okra, Spinach, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Capsicums, etc.

Main Types of Greenhouse Farms in Tamil Nadu

1. Fruit and vegetable farms – Fruit and vegetable farms account for most greenhouse farming operations in Tamil Nadu. The most common crops grown in greenhouses on these farms are Tomatoes, Eggplants, Peppers, and Cucumbers.

2. Flower farms – Flower farms are the second most common type of greenhouse farm in Tamil Nadu. The most popular flowers grown in greenhouses on these farms include Roses, Carnations, and Chrysanthemums.

3. Spice farms – Spice farms are the third most common type of greenhouse farm in Tamil Nadu. The most popular spices grown in greenhouses on these farms include Cardamom, Cloves, and Nutmeg.

4. Medicinal herb farms – These are the least common type of greenhouse farm in Tamil Nadu. The most popular medicinal herbs grown in greenhouses on these farms include Turmeric, Ginger, and Garlic.

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Greenhouse Flower Farming

Key Rules for Greenhouse Farming in Tamil Nadu

  • Farmers must obtain a Greenhouse Farming License from the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University.
  • They are only allowed to grow certain crops in their greenhouses. These crops include Tomatoes, Cucumbers, Bell Peppers, And Eggplants. The maximum acreage for a greenhouse farm is two acres.
  • The location of the greenhouse should be such that it receives maximum sunlight.
  • The land should be prepared by leveling and providing good drainage.
  • The size of the greenhouse will depend on the number of crops to be grown.
  • The walls and roof of the greenhouse should be made of materials that will allow maximum sunlight penetration.
  • The greenhouse floor should be made of materials that permit easy cleaning and disinfection.
  • Adequate ventilation is essential for the proper growth of crops. Ventilation can be achieved by natural or mechanical means, such as fans and blowers.
  • Farmers can apply for loans from banks to finance their greenhouse farms.

Cost to Start a Greenhouse Farm in the Tamil Nadu

The set-up cost for an acre of greenhouse farming in Tamil Nadu is between Rs. 1 lakh to Rs. 5 lakhs, depending on the type of greenhouse and location. The government of Tamil Nadu provides a subsidy of 50% on the cost of construction for small and medium-sized greenhouses. Loans are also available from banks at competitive interest rates.

Steps to Create a Greenhouse Business Plan in Tamil Nadu

1. Plan your finances: A big part of starting any business is financial resources. Make sure you understand your start-up costs and projected income well. It’s also a good idea to set up some financial buffer if things don’t go as planned.

2. Decide what crops you want to grow: Different varieties of crops can be grown in greenhouses, so deciding which ones you want to focus on is important. Consider what market you want to sell your crops to and what crop will be most profitable.

3. Choose the right location: The location of your greenhouse will be important for both practical and marketing reasons. You’ll need to find a spot with enough sunlight and adequate drainage. The location should be such that it receives adequate sunlight and has enough space for you to build the desired size greenhouse.

4. Conduct market research: Before you invest time and money into setting up a greenhouse, it is important to understand the demand for your products. Talk to potential customers in your target market and find out if there is a need for what you want to grow. Additionally, research the competition in your area to see what other greenhouses are already offering.

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Greenhouse Strawberry Farming

5. Calculate your costs: The next step is to calculate the costs associated with starting and running your greenhouse business. This includes materials, land, construction, equipment, and labor costs. Make sure to include all of these costs in your calculations.

6. Select essential equipment – Research the building materials and equipment needed to construct and maintain your chosen type and size of greenhouse. Install a watering system inside the greenhouse and water the plants regularly as per their requirements. Adequate watering is crucial for healthy plant growth. Ventilate the greenhouse regularly to prevent excessive heat build-up and allow fresh air circulation. This is important for both plant health and preventing fungal diseases.

7. Apply for necessary permits: Acquire the necessary permits from your local government to build a commercial greenhouse operation.

8. Determine your subsidy eligibility: The government of Tamil Nadu offers subsidies for businesses that promote agricultural development. If your greenhouse business falls under this category, you may be eligible for subsidies. Contact the Department of Agriculture in Tamil Nadu to learn more about subsidy eligibility.

Greenhouse Subsidies and Loans in Tamil Nadu

  • The government of Tamil Nadu provides a 50% subsidy on the cost of greenhouse set-up for farmers who meet certain eligibility criteria. This subsidy is available for both new and existing farmers. To be eligible for the subsidy, farmers must have less than 2 hectares of land under cultivation. Additionally, they must be using traditional farming methods and not have any mechanized equipment.
  • The Government of Tamil Nadu is encouraging farmers to take up greenhouse farming by providing loans and subsidies. The Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) has also set up a Greenhouse Technology Training and Demonstration Centre (GTTDC) to train farmers in greenhouse technology.
  • The state government and various financial institutions offer loan schemes for greenhouse farming in Tamil Nadu. The government subsidizes the interest rate on these loans, making it easier for farmers to invest in greenhouse farming. Several subsidy schemes are also available for farmers who want to start greenhouses on their land.
  • Greenhouse farming can be expensive, but the government provides various subsidy schemes to make it more affordable for farmers. In addition, the TNAU has also set up a loan scheme under which farmers can avail of loans of up to Rs. 10 lakhs for setting up a greenhouse farm. The government also provides other benefits like a free power supply for 24 hours and a free water supply for irrigation through borewells. All these initiatives aim to make Tamil Nadu a leading state in greenhouse farming.

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Greenhouse Tomato Farming

The Future of Greenhouse Farming in Tamil Nadu

  • Greenhouse farming in Tamil Nadu is set to grow significantly in the coming years. This is due to many factors, like the increasing demand for fresh produce, the availability of land and water resources, and the state’s favorable climate.
  • In terms of production, greenhouse farms in Tamil Nadu are expected to increase their output significantly in the next few years. This is due to new technologies and methods being adopted by farmers and the expanding market for greenhouse-grown produce. Furthermore, regarding land and water resources, Tamil Nadu has ample supplies, making it well-suited for greenhouse agriculture. Finally, the state’s climate is ideal for greenhouse farming, with high temperatures and plenty of sunlight throughout the year.
  • These factors make it clear that greenhouse farming in Tamil Nadu has a bright future. Farmers who can take advantage of these favorable conditions will produce large quantities of high-quality fruits and vegetables for local and export markets.

Challenges of Greenhouse Farming in Tamil Nadu

  • Greenhouse farming in Tamil Nadu is rapidly growing, but farmers face several challenges. The main challenge is the high cost of setting up and maintaining a greenhouse. Greenhouses require a lot of energy to maintain plants’ ideal temperature and humidity levels. Greenhouse farmers have to pay higher electricity bills than traditional farmers.
  • Another challenge greenhouse farmers face is the lack of access to subsidized inputs like seeds, fertilizers, and pesticides. These inputs are essential for successful greenhouse farming but are often unavailable at affordable prices. As a result, many greenhouse farmers struggle to make profits.
  • The next challenge is the limited availability of loans and credit facilities. Banks and financial institutions are often reluctant to lend money to small-scale farmers, especially for risky ventures like greenhouse farming. This makes it difficult for farmers to expand their businesses or invest in new technologies.
  • Despite these challenges, greenhouse farming in Tamil Nadu is a viable option for many farmers. With proper planning and management, greenhouses can be profitable businesses that provide employment and income opportunities for rural communities.

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Greenhouse Farming Harvest


Tamil Nadu is one of the most appropriate states in India for setting up a greenhouse. The state has a tropical climate, which is favorable for year-round crop production. In addition, Tamil Nadu has a large agricultural area and high irrigation levels. These factors make it possible to produce various crops in greenhouses. Greenhouse farming in Tamil Nadu is a great way to use the favorable climate and soil conditions.

Greenhouse farmers can benefit from improved yields and higher incomes with the right crops, proper planning, and adequate capital. If you live in Tamil Nadu and plan to start Greenhouse cultivation, this above blog post may help you with the basics of setting up a Greenhouse from scratch.


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