Growing Lemons In Containers:
Growing lemons in containers at our home, a small evergreen with beautiful flowers and amazing aroma gives you an amazing experience. Basic Steps for growing lemon in containers you should provide them suitable environment to grow in a limited space. Fresh lemons are a great source of vitamins C.
- Scientific Name for lemons: Citrus Limon
- Common Name: Lemons, fresh lime.
- Family: Lemons belong to the family of Rutaceae.
Lemons in Indian Languages
- English: Lemon.
- Telugu: Nimmakaya/Nimma Pandu.
- Tamil: ElumichamPazham.
- Malayalam: Cherunaranga/Naranga.
- Kannada: Nimbe.
- Hindi: Neembu.
- Punjabi: Nimbha/Galgal.
- Gujarati: Limbu.
- Marathi: Limbu/Kagadi Limbu.
- Bengali: Lebur/Kagi-Nebu.
- Konkani: Nimboovo.
- Oriya: Lembu.
- Tulu: Limbae.
- Kashmiri: Nyomb.
Best Varieties for Growing Lemons In Containers
To grow the lemon trees in containers, they should grow in a limited space to a limited height. So, dwarf variety of lemon trees are the best option. Dwarf type lemon trees can be grown in containers.
Dwarf Varieties of Lemon that Are The Best For Containers
- Meyer Improved Dwarf: This dwarf variety lemon grows to 6 to 10 feet height. A transplanted/ grafted Meyer lemon tree grow can harvested in 2 years and seeds grown trees takes 6 to 7 years to harvest. These plants are cold tolerant.
- Lisbon Dwarf: This dwarf variety lemon tree grows to 6 to 8 feet height. The harvesting period of this plant is 4 to 5 years.
- Ponderosa Dwarf: Ponderosa dwarf lemons are small thorny trees that grow to a height of 4 to 5 feet. The harvesting period 2 to 3 years, when planted by grafting/transplantation. When from seeds it takes 5 to 6 years of harvesting. These plants are cold sensitive.
- Dwarf Eureka: This variety grows well in containers, to grow up to 8 to 10 feet in containers.
Steps for Growing Lemons In Containers
Growing lemons in containers are same as growing lemons in the ground. Growing lemon trees from seed can take more 5 years to produce fruit. So, growing from seeds is not recommendable. It is best to buy a healthy lemon plant of 3 years age, so they start blooming and fruiting early.
Best Containers For Growing Lemons In Containers
- The containers you select should have good drainage system.
- The container you select should be 25% bigger than the plant root ball.
- Clay pots are the best choice as they are highly penetrable and evaporates the water easily without water loggings.
- Lemons trees should be re-potted for every couple of years. Select the container based on the size of the plant. Select the container larger than the previous one.
- For growing lemon trees from the seeds, containers should be minimum 12 inches deep and 24 inches wide.
- Place a saucer with few pebbles or small stones and water under the container after, this maintains good humidity levels around the plant.
Suitable Soil for Growing Lemons In Containers
- Soil should fertile and slightly acidic.
- The soil pH levels should be 5.5 to 7.0.
- Potting mix with peat moss works best if you want soil-less planting medium.
- Mixing the potting mix with sand will promote the draining of water.
- Potting mix can be mixed with organic compost for the growth of the plant.
- You can get a good quality organic mix, that should be slightly.
- Cover the bottom of the containers with filter net and place thin layer of gravel over the net cover to avoid dripping of water and soil. This procedure protects the roots from root rot and saves root from drowning.
Seasons For Growing Lemons In Containers
- Container grown lemon trees can be planted round the year by taking necessary caring steps.
- Lemon trees can be planted in the summer, there should monitor of plant time to time.
- The best season to grow lemon trees in containers from seedling is at the end of the winter and early spring.
- Lemon tree from seeds can be grown at any season.
Temperature For Growing Lemons In Containers
- The ideal temperature to grow Lemon trees in containers is 10°C to 30°C degrees
- When the temperature falls below 2°C, place the container in indoor or green houses or cover up them cloches or plastic covers.
Growing Lemons In Containers From Seeds
- Get the seeds from organic seeds, as non-organic lemon seeds won’t germinate.
- Mix the potting mix with natural fertilizers and organic compost.
- Cut the organic lemons and sow them before they get dried. Sow the seed ½ inch deep in the container.
- Cover the seed with the soil, water gently with a sprayer.
- Now cover the container with plastic cover and seal the edges. And make some holes in the plastic cover for air circulation and ventilation.
- Now place the container in a warm and sunny location. Water the plant depending on the moisture in the soil.
- Lemon seeds take a couple of weeks to sprout. Once they sprout, take off the plastic cover.
- You should take complete care of plant keeping soil moist, with 8 to 9 hours of sunlight with good proportions of organic fertilizers like vegetable or fruit or tea composts.
- Protect your young lemon tree from pests and insects.
- When the lemon plant grown bigger size you should repot the plant into a larger container.
Growing Lemons In Containers by Transplantation
- Select right container depending on the root size of transplanting lemon tree.
- Purchase a healthy, beautiful lemon with dark green leaves of age two to three years.
- Fill the 3 cm of soil at the bottom of the container.
- Remove the roots and soil from a nursery pot, keeping the root ball intact.
- Now place the root ball in the new container and fill the potting mix. Cover the cover with soil completely, without getting exposed to the sun.
- Now place a stake for support and tie tree.
- Press the soil around the root ball and water the plant.
- Add the fertilizers regularly plants for good growth of the plant.
Water Requirements For Growing Lemons In Containers
- Lemon trees should be watered regularly, leaves will fall off if not watered regularly.
- Over watering also cause dropping of leaves and root rot.
- Check the moisture levels of the soil before watering. In hot and windy days, you should water the plants more frequently.
Sunlight For Growing Lemons In Containers
- Lemons tree in a container need full sun.
- They need around 8 to 9 hours of sunlight.
- Lemon trees grown in indoor should be provided with a good amount of light.
Best Spot For Growing Lemons In Containers
- Lemon trees in containers, grows well in outdoors in regions where temperatures will be above 18° to 45 °c.
- Place container in warm and wind free located in your balcony, terrace or window shelves.
- You even grow lemon trees in indoors, in any climate. But you should place trees in sunlight during warm seasons.
- Protect the plants, any sudden changes in climate that can spoil the leaves, fruits and flowers of the tree.
- In winter you should protect your plants at night by covering them or moving them indoors, and in daytime trees should get at least 6 to7hours in outdoors.
Winter Care for Growing Lemons In Containers
- Lemon plants are cold sensitive, so take best protection plants in winter. Place plants in indoors or cover them with cloches.
- When the temperature goes below 10°c degrees, place the lemon tree containers in greenhouses or indoors to protect them from frost.
Summer Care For Growing Lemons In Containers
- Lemon trees planted in summer need a proper care.
- They should be watered regularly, and good feed should be given to them.
- In dry weather, you should main the moisture levels constantly. Provide 1-inch layer mulch to keep soil moist.
- Newly planted trees have less heat tolerant, you should provide good shade in case of high temperature.
Fertilizers For Growing Lemons In Containers
- Lemon trees need more feed to produce more fruits and flowers.
- Use controlled-release fertilizer of NPK (12-6-6) for your lemon trees. Granulated fertilizers provide a constant supply of nutrients to the plants.
- Commercial organic fertilizer available in markets also works fine for the lemon trees.
- At the flowering stage use the fertilizers with high potash and low nitrogen. Excess nitrogen levels can reduce production of flowers.
- Citrus Fertilizer can be should they contain iron, manganese and zinc. Feed your plants with water soluble fertilizer once in a month during growing season. Citrus fertilizers are best to use for container grown lemon trees.
- You should start to feed the tree, when seed germinate, use ammonium sulfate to make growth faster.
Pollination of Growing Lemon In Containers
- Pollination increases the yields of lemon trees.
- You can pollinate your trees using soft brushes or cotton swabs to transfer pollinating their trees.
- Gently rub the anthers with brush, brush gathers yellow pollen. Now rub the pollen onto the sticky lobes of the pistil. The pistil is center stalk that rises in the middle of the flower.
- But container grown plants generally don’t require pollination to for production. But some sciences prove that pollination increases the production levels.
Pests and Diseases Of Growing Lemons In Containers
- Pests that harm lemon tree in containers are: Bugs, Spider Mites, aphids, scales.
- To get relived from these pests, use some natural pesticides or insecticides:
- Neem oil: Neem oil is the best natural insecticide for many worms and sucking insects. Mix water with necessary amount of neem oil. Spray it on the affected areas.
- Tobacco or tomato leaves: Tomato leaves and tobacco leaves works as best insecticide for worms, aphids and caterpillars. Mixing crushed leaves, tobacco or tomato leaves in 1 gallon of water and sprayed on affected areas works effectively.
- Fungal diseases and bacterial diseases can attack the lemon trees, you can use some natural remedies to cure your plants.
Major Problem For Growing Lemons In Containers
- Sucker branches are the major problem that you face in growing lemon trees in containers. Sucker branches grow from the root stock of the plants. This problem can be based on both seeds grown trees and grafted trees. If you seed any sucker branch at the bottom the trees, just prune it carefully.
- Container grown lemon trees are weather sensitive. So, you should take more care in case of extreme weather. Extreme weather conditions can cause the fall of the leaves.
- Reasons for no fruiting of lemon trees: Flowers on trees produce flowers, lack of flowers means you trees cannot produce fruits.
- Reasons for not flowering: Improper cultivation methods, lack of nutrient, improper water and bad root stock.
- Flower fall on the lemon trees: Flower fall in lemon trees caused due to excess water, low nutrient and low temperatures.
- Fruit fall from lemon trees: Fruits fall off the tree due proper care, excess fruits, low nutrients, over watering or under watering, and extreme cold weather.
- When the containers placed in outdoors, it gets more air and sunlight, you should give more water to the trees as there is more chances of soil to dry.
- The lemon tree looks glossy and in dark, rich green when it gets a good amount of water, light and feed.
Harvesting of Lemons Growing Lemons In Containers
- Harvesting period of lemon trees depends upon the variety of lemon trees and the weather conditions.
- Fruits should be plucked only after ripening, Fruit gets heavy, soft and turns yellow when they are ripened.
- Use shears to pick the lemons, usually when the fruits get ready they can pick with finger easily.
Storing After Growing Lemons In Containers
- Lemons stay fresh for more than a week at room temperature.
- Lemon stay fresh for more than a month when packed in airtight and stored door of the refrigerator.
- Fresh lemon juice can be refrigerated for more than a year.
Tips for Growing Lemons In Containers
- Lemon trees grown in containers need more humidity. So, place your container over a pebble tray for constant supply of humidity.
- Pinching: Pinching the branches will increase the growth of plants. A pinch of the stems where they reach 5 inches long.
- Pruning: Lemon trees should be pruned in the months of February and March. Prune the diseases and dead branches only.
- Placing lemon tree containers on wheeled one will make very easy to move to indoor and outside.