Introductions to HF Cow Farming
The following information is about HF Cow Farming and its profile.
Holstein Friesians is a breed of dairy cattle originating from the Dutch provinces of North Holland and Friesland, It is native to Holland, while the term Friesians is often used in the UK.
Both are famous for their highest-production dairy animals and hence known as the best breed for milk production. It gives an average yield of 5500-6500kg of milk per lactation and gives an average of 6.5 liters per day contains 3.5-4.0% of fat content. The mixed breed of this cow gives 10-15 liters of milk daily and an average weight of 580kg. The breeders bred and administer the development of the breed with the goal of archiving high producing black and white dairy cow.
Specialized dairy Holsteins have been imported from the United States to cross with the European blacks and whites. In this modern usage, “Holstein” is used to describe North or South American stock and its use in Europe, particularly in the North whereas “Friesian” denotes animals of ancestral traditional European breeding both for dairy and beef.
Read this: Dairy Farming Requirements.
HF Cow Breed Characteristics:
Generally, Holsteins have distinctive color markings, i.e., a combination of black and white or red and white typically exhibiting a piebald pattern. They have another color blue and occur when white hair mixed with black hair giving a bluish tint called blue roan in some farm circles.
These are eminent for their huge dairy making of 22,530 pounds of milk at an average per anum.. Out of this 858 pounds are butter fats around 3.7% and 719 pounds are protein it is around 3.1%.
A develop Holstein dairy animal commonly weighs 680– 770 kg5 (1500-1700 lb) and stands 145– 165 cm (58-65 in) tall at the shoulder. They should be bred by 11 to 14 months of age when they weigh 317–340 kg (700-750 lb) or 55% of adult weight. Reproducers plan for Holstein yearlings to calve out of the blue somewhere in the range of 21 and two years of age and 80% of adult body weight. The growth time frame is around nine and a half months. A solid calf gauges 40 to 50 kg (75-110 lb) or more during childbirth.
HF Cow Breed Production:
The Holstein cow gives an average of 25 Liters of milk per day by taking 50 Kgs of food each day, which is a combination of hay, grain, silage, and proteins (such as soybean meal), plus vitamins and minerals.
The best cross-breeding program proven by progressive Dairy farmers in North US and other countries is ‘ProCROSS’. The most profitable crass is Swedish Red with Montbeliarde and Holstein, which gives maximum heterosis.
Advantages of HF Cow:
The present national Holstein drain creation pioneer is Bur-Wall Buckeye Gigi EX-94 3E, which produced 74,650 pounds (33,860 kg) of milk in 365 days, completing her record.
- Use of milk production hormone, recombinant bST gives 305-day lactation equaled 894 kg of milk, 27 kg of fat, and 31 kg of protein”.
2.Greater use of three-times-per-day milking will yield an extra 17.3% milk, 12.3% fat, and 8.8% protein.
- Higher cow potential and a large genetic trace of these cattle give more yield.
Greater use of total mixed ration (TMR) feeding systems have been used.
Holstein Cow Breed – A Series Of Characteristics
The increasing distribution of Holsteins in all agro-economic zones is the most noteworthy event of the century is increasing the number of Holstein in the field of cattle production.
Holstein Cow Distribution
- Holsteins have the highest milk productions in the world. They have an unequalled genetically anchored achievement ability that has no biological ceiling. Hereditary enhancements of 1 to 2 percent for each year are absolutely sensible.
- They establish a certification for drain generation that returns a benefit. In addition to the fact that they have the most noteworthy drain creation, contrasted with different breeds, however, they likewise the least sustaining cost, which subsequently results in a superior drain cost. Attributable to their physical limit they can ingest supplements not fit for human utilization and convert them into a drain with the assistance of chemicals. They speak to the sort that can prepare vitality saves for drain creation when deficiencies happen amid times of high lactation prerequisites.
- Holstein is suitable for low-cost farming systems. Holstein is suitable for dairy industry cows in intensive farming, which requires the stabling of cows.
- They have a unique genetic ability to adapt themselves to widely divergent agro-ecological areas.
- However, Holsteins, compared to natural breeds, are not as resistant to heat and diseases when in difficult agro-ecological areas, such conditions are a reduced production capacity.
In the case of cross-breeding with natural breeds, the calves show a higher heat tolerance, and higher production figures are achieved than in the case of cross-breeding with other cultural breeds.
- Holsteins produce vigorous calves distinguished by rapid growth, early maturity, and easy care. On the off chance that they are overseen well, they show no richness issues.
- The animals appear to be problem-free and require little care. They are good-natured, are easy to handle, and can be stabled without any problems.
- Holsteins are meant not only for a dairy breed but also contribute to the meat supply worldwide.
Read this: How To Get NABARD subsidy for Dairy Farming.
The most common HF cow Diseases
- Anthrax disease of cattle.
- Black Quarter (Black – leg).
- Foot-and-mouth disease.
- Rinder pest.
- Milk fever.
- Left displaced abomasums.
Vaccinations of HF Cows:
Inoculation is an imperative part of the control and counteractive action of ailments. An immunization program, notwithstanding, is certifiably not a substitute for good nourishment, sufficient ventilation, effective sanitation, and other health management procedures. Vaccines help prevent infectious diseases.
Vaccination programs should be developed in cooperation with the herd veterinarian. Recommendations for dairy herd vaccination programs such as Neonatal Calves.
- An oral vaccine containing bovine rotavirus and bovine coronavirus can be given orally to newborn calves.
- Recent research suggests that vaccinating calves against Johne’s disease is an effective aid in the control of this disease. The antibody must be controlled by a veterinarian and must be finished by state directions.:
Counsel with your veterinarian in regards to the need to utilize this immunization in your crowd 4 to a half year of age are
- IBR, BVD, PI-3, BRSV
- Leptospirosis (5 strain)
- Clostridial group – 7 or 8 way
- Histophilus Somnus (Needs to be risk based-consult with your veterinarian) PRE-BREEDING
- IBR, BVD, PI-3, BRSV
- Leptospirosis (5 strain)
- Clostridial group – 7 or 8-way PRE-CALVING
- Clostridial group – 7 or 8 way
- E-coli mastitis vaccine at least two times at 6 and 3 weeks prior to calving
- x) Rotavirus, crown infection, and E. coli scours antibody twice, at six and three weeks before calving grown-up cows. Bovines are by and large inoculated for IBR, BVD, PI3, and BRSV infection, leptospirosis, clostridial, E. coli mastitis, and calf looseness of the bowels maladies amid the lactation time frame as well as the dry time frame. Altered live infection antibodies will be unable to be utilized as of now. Counsel with your veterinarian before utilizing MLV items in pregnant bovines.
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