How to Start Greenhouse Farming in Bhutan: Crops, 1 Acre Greenhouse Cost, Subsidy, and Loans

Greenhouse is a type of agriculture system that uses greenhouses to grow crops. Greenhouses are large, enclosed structures in which plants can grow without the need for direct sunlight.  With a growing population and limited arable land, greenhouses have become attractive for farmers looking to increase their crop yields and profits.

How to Start Greenhouse Farming in Bhutan

How to Start Greenhouse Farming in Bhutan

Can You Grow Greenhouse Crops Year-Round in Bhutan?

Greenhouse farming has become increasingly popular in Bhutan, allowing farmers to grow crops year-round, regardless of the weather outside. This type of agriculture is also less labor-intensive than traditional methods, as automated systems can control the environment inside the greenhouse.

Greenhouse farming systems are becoming increasingly popular due to the numerous benefits they offer farmers. Greenhouses provide a controlled environment for crops, which can result in higher yields and quality produce. Additionally, greenhouse farming can help farmers save water and reduce input costs.

How Does Greenhouse Farming Work?

Growing crops in a greenhouse is an age-old practice used since Roman times. In the simplest terms, a greenhouse is a glass or plastic structure that helps create optimal growing conditions for plants. By trapping heat and light from the sun inside the structure, a greenhouse can provide a warm and humid environment for plants to grow in, even during cold weather.

There are many different types of greenhouses, but they all share the same basic principle: using the sun’s energy to create ideal plant growth conditions. Greenhouses can be as simple as a cold frame made of wood and glass or as complex as a large metal and glass structure with automated temperature and humidity controls.

In case you missed it: How to Start Hydroponic Farming in Bhutan: Requirements, Key Rules, and Management

Yellow Pepper Farming

The type of greenhouse you choose will depend on your budget, climate, and the types of plants you want to grow. For example, if you live in a region with cold winters, you’ll need a heated greenhouse to keep your plants from freezing. On the other hand, you’ll need a greenhouse that can maintain high temperatures and humidity levels for growing tropical plants.

You will want to obtain a license from the Department of Agriculture. It would help if you found suitable land to build your greenhouse. The cost of setting up a greenhouse farm will change depending on the size and type of structure you choose. However, getting financial assistance from the government through subsidies and loans is possible.

Create a Greenhouse Business Plan in Bhutan

  1. Research the market for greenhouse businesses in Bhutan. Look at the demand for greenhouse-grown crops and the competition.
  2. Determine the costs of starting and running a greenhouse business. Estimate the cost of materials, labor, and utilities.
  3. Your business goals should include determining the target market, identifying the resources needed to achieve your goals, and identifying the financial resources you will need to start and operate your business.
  4. Ensure you have the money to start and operate your greenhouse farming business. Include estimates of start-up costs, such as initial capital investments, land, and equipment costs.
  5. Calculate the potential income from selling greenhouse-grown crops. Use market research to estimate prices and production yields.
  6. Determine the start-up costs for your greenhouse operation, including materials, labor, and utilities. Also, factor in the ongoing costs of running your business, such as seeds, fertilizer, and pest control.
  7. Estimate how much revenue you can generate from selling your crops. Consider both wholesale and retail prices.
  8. Create a marketing plan to sell your crops. Develop strategies to reach potential customers and promote your products.
  9. Write a financial plan for your business. Include start-up costs, operating expenses, and projected revenue.
  10. Make a management plan for your business. Describe how you will organize and run your greenhouse operation.

In case you missed it: Greenhouse Farming in Uttarakhand: Crops, 1 Acre Greenhouse Cost, Subsidy, and Loans

Tomato Farming

Factors Affecting Greenhouse Farming in Bhutan

  • The region has a tropical climate ideal for growing crops all year round.
  • The region receives plenty of sunshine, which helps to promote growth.
  • There is an abundance of cheap labor available which makes production costs low.
  • The government has supported the industry and incentivized farmers to set up greenhouses.

Greenhouse Set-Up Cost in Bhutan

The total cost of setting up a greenhouse can range from Rs. 10 lakhs to Rs. 15 lakhs, depending on the size and type of greenhouse you choose and the crops you plan to grow. The cost includes constructing the greenhouse, purchasing necessary equipment, and training farmers. In addition, the government provides a subsidy of 50% on the cost of setting up a greenhouse for those interested in farming under this system.

Greenhouse Crop Production in Bhutan

  • Start a greenhouse business by doing your research. Read up on the different types of greenhouses and what will work best for your climate and crop type. Then, make a business plan. You’ll need to know how much it will cost to build or buy a greenhouse, how you’ll get funding, what your overhead costs will be, and how you’ll market your products.
  • Next, start putting together a team. You’ll need people with experience in greenhouse farming, construction, and marketing. Once you have a good team, start looking for a piece of land to lease or buy. Make sure the land has good drainage and access to water and sunlight.
  • Now it’s time to start building or buying your greenhouse. This is a big investment, so do your homework and choose a quality product that lasts years. Once your greenhouse is up and running, start planting. Be sure to choose crops well-suited for greenhouse conditions that will thrive in your climate.

Scope of Greenhouse Farming in Bhutan

Greenhouse farming in Bhutan is a relatively new and innovative approach to agriculture that focuses on growing crops in controlled environments. Greenhouse farming is where crops are grown in a controlled environment under glass or plastic roofs. Greenhouses offer protection to crops from bad weather conditions and pests. They also provide a controlled environment for the plants, which helps optimize the crops’ growth and yield.

In case you missed it: Glasshouse Farming: For Increased Yields and Reduced Pesticide Use

Greenhouse Farming

Greenhouse farming is done mainly for off-season vegetable production. The state has a tropical climate, which is not conducive to year-round vegetable production. Greenhouses provide the right environment for the cultivation of vegetables during the off-season. This helps in meeting the demand for fresh vegetables throughout the year. Greenhouse farming is an ideal option for farmers as it does not require large tracts of land. The small landholdings of farmers are suitable for setting up greenhouses.

Greenhouse Framing Loans and Subsidies in Bhutan

The government of Bhutan provides subsidies for the construction of greenhouses for farmers. In addition, loans are also available from financial institutions at low-interest rates to set up greenhouses. Bhutan has several programs and subsidies available for farmers interested in greenhouse farming. The Bhutanese government has set aside a specific amount of money to support the development of greenhouse farms in the country.

In addition, Bhutan offers loans with low-interest rates and long repayment terms to encourage farmers to invest in greenhouses. The government provides technical and financial assistance to help farmers construct and operate greenhouses. Several private companies offer services and support for greenhouse farmers in Bhutan. These companies provide seeds, materials, training, and other resources to help farmers succeed with greenhouse farming.

For many greenhouse farmers in Bhutan, government subsidies and loans are essential to getting their businesses off the ground. The Bhutanese government offers a range of subsidies and loans for greenhouse farmers, including 50% subsidies on construction costs for new greenhouses and the purchase of greenhouse equipment.

In addition to these financial incentives, the Bhutanese government provides technical support to greenhouse farmers through its Department of Agriculture. The department offers training courses on greenhouse management and crop production and advises on using limited water resources most efficiently.

Is Greenhouse Farming Profitable in Bhutan?

Greenhouse farming can be profitable in Bhutan if the right crops are grown and managed properly. Greenhouse farming allows farmers to grow crops all year round and protects them from extreme weather conditions. As a result, greenhouse farming has become increasingly popular in Bhutan.

In case you missed it: Top 25 Flowering Plants that Bloom in Winter

Strawberry Farming

Crops are Grown Under Greenhouses in Bhutan

  • Various crops can be grown in a greenhouse, including Tomatoes, Cucumbers, Peppers, Eggplants, and leafy vegetables. In addition, many flowers and herbs can also be successfully grown under greenhouse conditions.
  • The cost of setting up a greenhouse can vary depending on your required structure size and type. However, finding affordable options that will suit your needs is possible. The government of Bhutan also offers subsidies for farmers who wish to set up greenhouses, making this option even more attractive.
  • Bhutanese farmers grow crops under greenhouse conditions, including Tomatoes, Peppers, Cucumbers, Eggplants, Beans, and leafy greens. Greenhouse production accounts for about 15 percent of Bhutan’s total vegetable output. Most greenhouse farms are located in the western part of the country near the city of Thimphu.
  • Vegetable farms are the most common type of greenhouse farm in Bhutan. These farms produce different vegetables year-round. The climate in Bhutan is ideal for growing vegetables, and the country has a long tradition of agriculture.
  • Flower farms are another type of greenhouse farm found in Bhutan. These farms produce a wide variety of flowers year-round, including roses, lilies, daisies, and chrysanthemums. Flower farming is a relatively new industry in Bhutan, but it is growing rapidly due to the high demand for fresh flowers from domestic and international customers.

Key Rules for Starting Greenhouse Farming in Bhutan

  • Firstly, you’ll need to choose the right location. The ideal spot for a greenhouse gets plenty of sunlight and has well-drained soil. You’ll also need to ensure your greenhouse is big enough to accommodate all the crops you want to grow.
  • Once you’ve selected the perfect greenhouse spot, start construction. Greenhouses can be made from various materials, but choosing something that will withstand the elements and keep your plants safe is important. Once your greenhouse is built, you must outfit it with the proper ventilation and lighting system.
  • Once your greenhouse is up and running, you must start planting your crops. Be sure to choose plants that will do well in a controlled environment like a greenhouse. With proper care and attention, your greenhouse farm will thrive.

In case you missed it: 11 Potting Soil Mixes for Flowering Plants: Top and Best List

Greenhouse Vegetable Farming

Different Types of Greenhouse Farms in Bhutan

  1. Plastic film greenhouses are the most popular type in Bhutan. They are made of a metal frame covered with a plastic film. The films used for greenhouse covering can be either clear or translucent. Translucent films admit less light, but they help to keep the greenhouse warm.
  2. Glass greenhouses are more expensive than plastic ones. But they last longer and provide better insulation. Metal-framed greenhouses with double-glazed panels are the most expensive, but they offer the best protection from cold weather and provide the best insulation.

Challenges of Greenhouse Farming in Bhutan

One of the biggest challenges facing greenhouse farmers in Bhutan is the cost of greenhouses. Greenhouses can be expensive to construct and maintain, and many small-scale farmers cannot afford them. Even when farmers can afford to build a greenhouse, they often lack the financial resources to keep it running properly. This can lead to crop losses and decreased incomes.

Another challenge facing greenhouse farmers in Bhutan is the lack of subsidies or other financial support from the government. Farmers often have to rely on loans from private lenders to finance their greenhouse operations. This can be difficult to obtain, especially for small-scale farmers who may not have collateral or a good credit history.

Finally, another challenge associated with greenhouse farming in Bhutan is securing loans from banks or other financial institutions. This is often due to the high cost of greenhouses and the lack of collateral among small-scale farmers. As a result, many farmers cannot expand their operations or invest in new technology, which limits their potential earnings.

In case you missed it: 15 Cover Crops for Raised Beds: When to Plant, Best Winter and No-till Cover Crops

Greenhouse Flower Farming


Greenhouse farming offers a viable option for farmers in Bhutan to produce crops throughout the year, irrespective of the season. The temperature and humidity inside a greenhouse can be controlled, creating an ideal crop growth environment. Moreover, greenhouses protect crops from pests and diseases, thus ensuring higher yields.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here