Indoor Gardening Guide for Beginners:
Introduction to Indoor Gardening:- First and foremost, let is define gardening. Gardening is nothing but a process of growing plants in different ways and in different places. There are different types of gardens in which various types of plants are grown. The main types of gardens include;
- Home Gardens.
- School Gardens.
- Industrial Gardens.
- National Parks.
- Urban Parks.
However, today we are more interested of knowing indoor gardening under home gardening.
In Indoor gardening, the plants are grown generally in containers, pots, ceramic made pots or any other container. The trend of indoor gardening is tremendously increasing as people are more interested to beautify their home indoors with different types plants which includes ornamental, vegetable and herbal. Some people use waste plastic bottles or big sized bottles with narrow mouth to grow the house indoor plants. This type of growing technique is popularly known as “Terrarium”. In Indoor gardening, shade loving plants are preferred as most of the indoors are less exposed to sun light. Usually, in case of growing house plants, the pots / containers are raised off the ground and placed on concealed bricks area or on wooden panels area. Almost all vegetables can be successfully grown indoors in a container garden. Bedrooms, balconies, verandas, front area of house, kitchen, terrace or roof are the best areas of indoor gardening.
You need to find out the right place to establish indoor gardens in your house. Let us talk about this in a moment.
Indoor Gardening Advantages and Benefits:-The following are the advantages of Indoor Gardening.
- Indoor garden can be setup and managed very easily within the premises of your house and it won’t require a much space unlike outdoor gardens.
- For starters, Indoor Gardening is best option to learn.
- Soil preparation in Indoor gardening is very easy.
- You can grow vegetables and flowers all around the year.
- Pests and disease attack in indoor plants are very less when compared to outdoor growing.
- Housewives/kids can manage indoor gardening.
- Indoor gardening not only beautify your home but also produces fresh organic vegetables, herbs and flowers. This can reduce the monthly vegetable spending.
- Indoor Gardening is best option for stress busting.
- Physically handicapped people who are interested in gardening can choose Indoor Gardening right from their home.
- You can alter the growing condition of the plant within the house depending on the plant type and its requirement(controlled temperature and environment). For example, some plants require more light and some require partial shade, so accordingly you can place the pots in the house.
- Indoor gardening also covers hydroponic growing of plants (soil less farming).
- The best benefit of some plants are they can purify air of toxins.
- Indoor gardening is very useful for the people who don’t own any land but living in apartments and individual houses.
- Indoor Gardening provides all of the Green Living Benefits.
Disadvantages of Indoor Gardening:- There are couple of disadvantages of indoor gardening.
- Big trees growing is not possible.
- If you are using chemical fertilizers, they can accumulate in potting mix and can harm the growing plants.
- Soil moisture regulation of plants is difficult part.
Indoor Gardening Essentials:
- Potting soil.
- Compost or fertilizer.
- Watering can.
- Soil thermometer.
- Neem oil (For organic pest control).
- Hand tools like pruning shears, a rake, a trowel, and a spade.
Recommended but not Essential:
- Grow lights.
- Drip system.
- Oscillating fan.
- Heat mats.
- Soil test kit.
- Cotton swabs.
If Indoor planting is done with hydroponic system, then the follow are essential
- All the items mentioned in the above essential section.
- water tank, pipe system and pump.
- Liquid Fertilizer.
- pH test kit.
Recommend but not essential under hydroponic growing indoors
- Shelve system
- Fresh water fish
- Drip emitters or spraying system
- Air pump.
Indoor Gardening – Open Area of House:
Usually , this area is mostly indicates roof garden or terrace garden. This area is very warm during summer, hence it is recommended to go for heat tolerant plants such as Catci and Agave. You can grow the plants such as vegetables, herbs, small shrubs, flowers and even some type of short growing fruit trees on the terrace area. You can make raised beds or place appropriate containers/pots on terrace by providing proper watering channel.
Indoor Gardening – In Front of the House: You can choose plants which can grow up under shade conditions. Consider these plants on eastern side of the house. You can arrange pots or containers to grow foliage plants like Eraisthemum, Crotons, Graptophylium, Asparagus and Dracasnca.
Indoor Gardening – Living Room and Drawing Room of the House: In living or drawing rooms of the house, It is recommended to place the plants near the window if the plant demands more sunlight and aeration. The perfect example for this is growing herbaceous flowering plants. There are some plants which have characteristics of dropping foliage like Zebrina, Sedum, and Mesembranthemum can be placed far away from the window area.
Indoor plants are preferred to be arranged in symmetrical or asymmetrical style. However, make sure these plants are not overcrowded.
Here are some list of plants preferred growing for indoor purpose.
- Flowering Plants – Hibiscus, Ixora, Graptophylium, Eranthemum, Nerium, and Zerbrina.
- Foliage Plants – Colocasia, Begonia, Asparagus, Dieffenbachias, Caladium, Aloccasia, Maranta, Aralia, Panax, Helicorrium, Philodendron, Aglaoenoma, Monstora, Anthurium including all kinds of ferns.
Indoor Gardening – Veranda of a House: It is excellent idea of growing plants in veranda as they beautify the house with look and smell. Veranda is also considered best place because, you can get good sunlight and air flow. The preferred plants to grow in veranda area are Areca tubscens, Thrinax, Li vision ia, Caryota, Begonias and all kinds of Ferns.
Indoor Gardening – Plants Care and Management: Indoor Gardening – Re-potting: Well, as we know plants progress their growth the root system also grows fast. This may make you to re-potting the plants with bigger ones. Care should be taken while shifting plants to larger size by keeping the soil and roots intact. This is nothing but called as “Repotting”. Make sure the soil in original pot has enough moisture to re-potting otherwise roost system can break with dry soil conditions. If the soil is dry, water it couple of hours before you repott it. Wait until all the water has drained out and ensure that the soil is not too much of wet.
Indoor Gardening – Water Management: When plants are grown in pots, extra care should be taken while watering the plants in pots or containers. Avoid too much watering or too less watering. Avoid hard water and always supply fresh soft water. In case you find that the plant leaves are bending or are looking dull, meaning that they are going through water stress. Pot soil should always be in good moist condition and never let it dry. It is always recommended to rake the soil frequently for better aeration and well drainage. You must make sure that the pots are have good enough of holes for drainage.
Indoor Gardening – Syringing: What is Syringing? well it is one type of watering method. Syringing is the application of small amounts of water to the plants surface in order to cool those plants. This is most important especially for indoor plants as rain water is not possible. For this purpose, get a spray bottle of water to keep the foliage of plants lightly hydrated. This type of watering makes healthy plants by creating a moist atmosphere. This process also cleans the leaves and thus assist in promoting plant functions.
Indoor Gardening Tips: Here are some tips for growing indoor plants.
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- Plants growing in veranda should be frequently turned round in their position. This can equalize the effect of the sun light make the plants to expose equally in all directions.
- Too much of light is equally detrimental as too less light. So avoid placing the plant pots in area where they are exposed to too much of sunlight to prevent from sun burn of leaves or sun scorch.
- Most flowering plants require more hours light to bloom and most foliage plants need diffused light.
- Indoor plants require good humidity for healthy growth especially vegetable plants. However, it is difficult to have humid conditions in the house. For this purpose, Use pebbles with water in trays and keep the pots on the pebbles so that required humid conditions can be provided around the plant. Another method of providing humid conditions is top dress the plant with sphagnum moss (peat mosses) and the moss should be kept nicely damp.
- Buy the right plants for your indoor garden needs.
- Be handy with all the required tools required for indoor gardening.
- When growing from seeds, determine the best garden performers for your area as tested by local gardeners.
- As we know some are grown from seeds and some are from transplants (plants grown on nursery beds).You should be careful when handling small seedlings of plants as their roots are very delicate and can easily disturbed.
- When considering indoor container growing, bigger is better as larger pots can hold more soil and moisture which can directly help the root system to grow bigger.
- Choose the appropriate container as there are multiple varieties containers available.(recycled, to inexpensive, to very expensive ceramic or glass containers). If you are buying containers from the market, make sure that all your containers have drainage holes in the bottom.
- For better utilization of indoor plant space, the plants can be pruned, tied, and trained.
- Providing manures and fertilizers application of indoor plants is essential. Buy good potting mix or soil or you can prepare on your own.
- It is recommended to check frequently whether indoor plants need any water. Winter plants need less water and manures/fertilizers. However, right amount of water is very much desired in indoor plants.
- If you buy Indoor Gardening kits, read instructions carefully on the label before using them. This should be the same even when you buy fertilizers and manure for indoor plants.
The Best Suited Vegetables, Fruits and Herbs (edible) for Indoor Gardening:
- Bell peppers.
- Hot Green peppers (Chillies).
- Swiss chard.
- Egg plant/Brinjal.
- Okra/Ladies finger.
- Sweet Potatoes.
- Aloe Vera.
- Jerusalem artichoke.
- Green beans.
- Mandarin orange.
- Mint (Pudina).
- Cilantro (Coriander).
- Garlic Greens.
List of ornamental and flowering indoor Plants
- Fish Tale Fern.
- Peace Lily.
- Arabian Jasmine.
- Ladies Slipper Orchid.
- Grape Ivy.
- Money plant.
- Setcreasea purpurea.