Lemon Cultivation – Income; Cost; Profit – A Project Report
Well readers the following topic is about lemon cultivation income and cultivation cost and yeidld of 1 acre lime plantation. Lemon is the most important fruit crop after Banana and Mango. It ranks 6 in the production of Lemon in the world. Lemon adds its importance to the food or juice because of its flavor and taste along with medicinal and nutritious values. Lemons are a rich source of minerals, antioxidants and phytonutrients. They contain folate, potassium, molybdenum, flavonoids and compounds, which is recommended by many dieticians for daily intake, whichboosts immune system.
Lemons have the capacity to grow in all types of soils. It grows well at soils with a pH range of 5.5-7.0. light loam and well drained are the most suitable for lemon cultivation. Lemons are the productive crops, where they start producing the fruits from 4th year and will sustain a productive life of 15-20 years. It prefers a temperature range of 20oC to 25oC. So, are you ready to grow lemons? let us get into the detailed report of lemon cultivation income and economics.
List of Lemon varieties:
The following are the popular varieties of lemons-
- Punjab Galgal,
- PAU Baramasi,
- PAU Baramasi-1,
- PAU Baramasi-1,
- Punjab Baramasi,
- Lisbon lemon,
- Lucknow seedless,
- Pant Lemon,
- Assam Lemon,
- Italian Lemon,
- Eureka lemon,
- Malta lemon.
- Other hybrid lemon varieties
Cost of 1 acre Lemon Farming in India
Land should be ploughed thoroughly, cross ploughed and leveled properly. The best season of planting is done from June to August. The seeds should be sown with a normal spacing of 4.5 m X 4.5 m in light soils, where as infertile and rainfall areas spacing should be 5mX5m. Pits of size 60x60x60cm should be dug to plant the seedlings and need to add 10Kg of FYM and 500g of single superphosphate should be applied to pits before planting the seeds. A minimum of 208-250 plant density should be maintained in 1 acre.
Based on the age of the crop the fertilizer requirement varies which is listed in the tabular form-
|Age of plants(Year)||Well decomposed cow dung (kg/tree)||Urea (gm/tree)|
|First to three year||20-May||100-300|
|Seven to Nine||25-50||400-500|
|Four to Six||60-90||600-800|
|Ten and above||100||800-1600|
|Age of plants (Year)||Well decomposed cow dung (kg/tree)||Nitrogen (gm/tree)|
|First to three year||20-May||50-150|
|Seven to Nine||25-50||200-250|
|Four to Six||60-90||300-400|
|Ten and above||100||400-800|
Apply the whole amount of well decomposed cow dung during the months of December; whereas urea must be applied in two parts one in February and the other in April/May month. If fruit drops are observed in excessive spray 2,4-D @ 10gm in 500 lit of water. Do this in March end and the next one in April end.
Lemon requires irrigationat regular levels, during winters minimum irrigation must be provided as over irrigation may lead to diseases like Root rot and collar rot. Irrigation must be provided at high frequency levels, which is beneficiary to the crops.
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To allow the growth of the strong trunk,shoots of about 45-50 cm from the ground level should beremoved.The central part should have remained openly for the branches to grow and gets distributed on all sides. All the diseased/ dried parts/ deadwood/ drooping branches should be removed periodically and has to be figured out well.
Pests and Disease management in Lime cultivation:The pests can be controlled by following the tabular form:
|Diseases in Lemon||Measures to be taken|
|Leaf miner||quinalphos 1.25 ml or fenvalerate 0.5 ml or monocrotophos 1.0|
ml/litre of water at weekly intervals
|Citrus black fly and whitefly||acephate 1.25 g or quinalphos 1.5 ml or imidacloprid 0.5 ml/ litre of water.|
|Citrus psylla||quinalphos 1.0 ml or acephate 1.0 g or monocrotophos 0.5|
|Citrus thrips||Spraying of parathion (0.03%) emulsion, dimethoate 150 ml and 250 ml kerosene oil in 100 litre of water or malathion @ 0.1 % or carbaryl @ 0.05% plus oil 1 %.|
|Trunk borer||application of Bordeaux paste or copper oxifluoride paste or ridomil + carbendazim|
|Bark eating caterpillar||application of Bordeaux paste or copper oxifluoride paste or ridomil + carbendazim|
|Phytophthora Gummosis||application of Bordeaux paste or copper oxifluoride paste or ridomil + carbendazim|
|Citrus greening||ledermycin 600 ppm with ZnSO4 and FeSO4|
|Aphids & Mealy Bugs||Synthetic pyritheriods or pest oil|
|Citrus canker||100 ppm streptomycin sulphate/1 % Bordeaux mixture or copper fungicide|
|Citrus canker||wettablesulphur @ 2 g/litre, copper oxychloride @ 3 g/litre of water in April and October.|
|Anthracnose||carbendazim @ 1 g/litre or|
copper oxychloride – 3 g/litre
Harvesting in 1 acre lemon farming:
Lemons take 150-160 days for maturity and the fruits also start at the age of 5years, but you can find 3 to 4 crops in a year.
Yield from 1 acre lemon cultivation:
It starts from the fifth year with 55-70 fruits per tree and gets stabilized in 8th year with an average production of 1000-1500 fruits per tree.The economic lifetime of lemon is 15-20years.
Post-harvest Management in lemon farming in India:
Lemons can be stored for 6-8 weeks at 10-11oC, waxing treatment may extend the shelf life. Limes start pitting if they are stored at below 7oC.
Lemons remain fresh under ambient temperatures hence can be transported to distant places for marketing.
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Project Cost and Calculation of Profit and Loss:
|Digging and filling up of pits||4000||0||0||0||0||4000|
|Planting and staking||2000||0||0||0||0||2000|
|Cost of FYM||7200||3600||4800||6000||9600||31200|
|Cost of fertilizers||1030||2090||3020||4750||4920||15810|
|Manures & fertilizers application||2000||3000||3000||3000||4000||15000|
|Plant protection measures||1750||1750||1750||3500||3500||12250|
|Appl. of plant protection||400||1200||1200||1600||1600||6000|
Income after 5th year
Expenditure from 5th year
|Cost of FYM||4000||4000||4000||4000||4000||4000||4000||4000|
|Cost of fertilizers||5463||5463||5463||5463||5463||5463||5463||5463|
|Manures & fertilizers application||4000||4000||4000||4000||4000||4000||4000||4000|
|Plant protection measures||3500||3500||3500||3500||3500||3500||3500||3500|
|Appl. of plant protection||1600||1600||1600||1600||1600||1600||1600||1600|
Total cost till 1-12yrs = Rs. 3,55,324
Total income from 5 to 12 yrs = Rs. 47,52,000
Profit = 4752000-355324 = Rs. 43,96,676
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Summary in 1 acre lemon farming project report
Therefore, the total expenditure for the farmer for 1 acre lemon farming is Rs. 3.5 lakhs for 12 years approximately. Whereas, the income returns is Rs. 47,52,000 approximately in 12 years. It means the 1 acre lemon farmer can earn Rs. 4.5 lakh annually. that’s all gardeners about income from 1 acre lemon cultivation.
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