Introduction: Hello fruit farmers we are back with most profitable fruit farming ideas in India. Fruit trees are typically multipurpose in that many provide not only fruit but also medicinal products and livestock fodder, with fuelwood and timber at the end of their productive lives. In addition to economic benefits, fruit trees give several environmental services.
In this article we cover all the following topics;
- Tips for growing fruits for profits
- Banana production per acre
- Mango growing season in India
- Profitable fruits in India
- Mango profit per acre
- Importance of fruit farming in India
- Factors affected by profitable fruit farming
A step by step guide to most profitable fruit farming In India
Fruit farming is an important sector of horticulture and it has immense economic importance. This is a high paying option for land utilization. Nowadays, you will find improved fruit seeds and developed technology for fruit farming. The profitability depends mostly on demand. Your fruit farming business will be profitable if there’s a demand for your product. The most profitable fruit crops have the most demand. The profitability of a tree mainly depends on location, demand, environment, and ease of growing the tree.
Tropical and sub-tropical fruit trees are generally evergreen and perennial and are frost sensitive with little growth below 10°C. Tropical species are distinct from subtropical species in that they need humid conditions and are sensitive to temperatures below 20°C. They thrive in climates where average mean temperature ranges are higher than 10°C for the coldest month. The widely cultivated and globally traded tropical and subtropical fruit trees are mango, various species of citrus, avocado, papaya, and kiwi.
Scope and importance of fruit crops
Fruit farming is one of the important and age-old practices, practiced in India since ancient times. Cultivation of fruits plays an important role in the overall status of mankind and the nation. The standard of living of the people of a country is depending upon the production and per capita consumption of several fruits. Fruit growing also has more economic advantages.
Profitable fruit farming
First of all, you can earn a better return than many of the field crops from a well maintained and established fruit garden. From a unit area, you can realize more agronomic fruit crops.
High net profits
Though the initial cost of establishment of an orchard is height and it is compensated by higher productivity or due to the high value of produce.
Efficient utilization of resources
Agronomic fruit crops are seasonal and hence, farmers have to engage themselves in other occupations during slack seasons. However, fruit cultivation is being perennial. Then, it enables the grower to remain engaged throughout the year in farm operations and utilize full resources and assets like machinery, farm, land, water, etc.
Foreign trade potential
Many fresh fruits and processed products and spices have excellent export potential. Farmers can earn an excellent amount of foreign money from international trade.
Continuous cash flow
The harvesting process of most of the fruit is continuous. Due to the perishable nature, it wants to be marketed immediately after harvest. This gives a source of a continuous flow of inputs and other expenses of immediate nature as agronomic crops that are harvested one time.
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Economic importance of fruit farming
High productivity – From a unit area of land more crop yield is realized from fruit crops than any of the agronomic crops. The average yields of Papaya, Banana and also Grapes are 10 to 15 times than that of agronomic crops.
High net profit – Through, the initial cost of establishment of an orchard is high, and it is compensated by higher net profit due to higher productivity or high value of produce.
Efficient utilization of resources – Growing of fruits being perennial, and enables the grower to remain engaged throughout the year in farm operations. And to utilize fully the resources and assets such as machinery, labor, and land water for production purposes throughout the year compared to agronomic crops.
Some of the factors affected by profitable fruit farming
Site selection for fruit farming
The site of a fruit-growing enterprise is important in determining its success as the varieties grown. Fruit variety and site together set a ceiling on the productivity and profit that can be realized under the best management. In most developed fruit regions microclimatic conditions such as climate at plant height, as influenced by slight differences in soil, soil cover, and elevation and soil conditions are the two components of a site that verify its desirability for a fruit-growing enterprise.
For highest productivity, most fruit crops must root extensively to a depth of three feet (one meter) or more. Heavy subsoil or other conditions causing imperfect internal drainage could effect in shallow, weak root systems that do not take water and nutrients efficiently from the soil.
After you’ve planted your fruits, you’ll need to give them enough water and food to grow and produce fruit. If your soil doesn’t have sufficient nutrients for your plants, you’ll want to provide fertilizer. You can use fertilizer in the form of compost or manure for example bat guano or chicken manure or you can purchase commercial fertilizer.
Growing fruit crops for Profit
Decide what fruits you are going to plant for your initial crop. Many factors play into this decision, but local climate, season and anticipated demand for the product must probably be given the most weight. Keep in mind that while some fruits such as strawberries can be grown quickly, developing fruit orchards is much more time- and capital-intensive enterprise, and it can be several years before producing your first cash crop.
Buy the necessary equipment and supplies to prepare your fruit garden. If you are growing organic be careful in choosing both your pest control and fertilizer means. Pest control for certain organic crops can be very challenging in some areas or climates. If space is not an issue, try to leave plenty of room between fruit plants and crop boundaries when planting for easy working conditions. Try to plant crops that will mature at different times so you will have some fresh fruits for sale most of the year.
Check on your garden regularly, daily if possible, and make sure you water and fertilize regularly as required for the fruits you are growing. Try to harvest on a staggered basis as much as possible, so you will have regular batches of produce for sale over the season of the different crops. Sell your fresh fruits as rapidly as possible.
Most profitable fruits in India
Profitable Aonla fruit farming in India
Aonla or amla is a very important minor fruit crop. The amla crop is quite hardy, prolific bearer and highly remunerative even without much care. The Aonla fruit is capsular (drupaceous) with a fleshy exocarp. In India, it is called as the Indian gooseberry.
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India ranks first in the world in the area and production of this Aonla crop. Domestic consumers give the major market to Aonla.
Aonla is mostly cultivated in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Himachal Pradesh, etc. Aonla being a sub-tropical crop and prefers a dry subtropical climate. Heavy frost during the winter season is not appropriate for its cultivation. Aonla trees are hardy and stand well against drought. So, hardly any irrigation is practiced. However, the young plants need watering during summer, months at fortnightly intervals till they have fully established.
Slightly acidic to saline or sodic soil is suitable for Aonla cultivation. Aonla is not exacting in its soil requirement and grows well in sandy loam to clay soils in India. It has a great tolerance to salinity and sodicity and cultivated at a pH level of 6.0 to 8.0 very successful. Though, you will get a high-yield production in deep and fertile soils.
Profitable Banana fruit farming in India
Bananas are in popular demand in India, especially in the winter season. They are mostly grown in the states of Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka. You will find banana selling everywhere, even in the summer. They’re one of the most commonly consumed fruits in the country. The major feature of this plant is that it can be cultivated throughout the year. The high technology methods for banana farming can develop both yield and profit. Banana is a tropical plant and it requires a warm humid climate. However, you can grow banana in areas with temperatures ranging from 15 to 35ºC.
The fertility of the soil is important for successful cultivation, as banana is a heavy feeder. Banana fruit is one of the few fruits, which has a restricted root zone. Thus, depth and drainage are the two most important considerations in selecting the soil for the banana. Bananas have importance to small-scale farmers in the developing countries of the tropics and sub-tropics. So, banana is popular for its low price and high nutritive value. One acre of plantain and banana has about 800 to 1,000 plants and the average production of Banana varies from 30 thousand fruit units for plantain and 100 thousand fruit units for banana per acre.
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Profitable Mango fruit farming in India
Mangoes are the national fruit of India, and the mango tree is native to the Indian subcontinent. You will find mango plants all across India. The most popular season for growing mangoes in summer. You can start a profitable farming business by growing mangoes but be careful because there is a lot of competition already.
Mango is utilized at all stages of its development both in its immature and mature state. Mango fruit thrives well in tropical and sub-tropical climates. The ideal temperature for the mango crop ranges from 24° to 30° C along with high humidity. Temperature range below 10° C and above 42° C retards growth and adversely affects the flowering time of mango. Mango grows well on a wide variety of soils, for example lateritic, alluvial, sandy loam and sandy. Although it grows well in high to medium fertility soils. Mango trees need very less or no pruning. Though, the training of the plants in the initial stages is essential to give them the proper shape.
The expected mango produce is 10 tonnes per acre and the price will be around Rs.16,000/- per tonne. For one acre the revenue will be Rs.1.60 Lakhs and for 3 acres and it will be Rs.4.80 lakhs per year. The mango fruits will be borne from the 3rd year of planting the trees.
Profitable Guava fruit farming in India
Guava is a common tropical fruit and it is a nutritionally valuable remunerative crop. Commercial guava cultivation is a profitable agriculture business. Guava farming can be a very profitable agribusiness in India. Guava shows better growth under rain fed weather conditions; though, draining is equally essential. Depending on the climate conditions, during the dry season, irrigate the plants weekly once whereas in the winter, maintain 3 weeks. The drip irrigation system is ideal for better plant growth and void fungus infestation. Depending on the variety of guava, generally, cultivators find plants to carry fruits from 2 to 3 years of their aging, however, the vast majority attain their pick productivity point at the age of 7 to 10 years. However, the best soils are deep, friable and well-drained with a pH level between 5.5 and 7.5.
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Profitable Papaya fruit farming in India
Papaya is a popular fruit grown in India. It’s delicious and juicy and consumed most frequently in the summer. Papaya can also be cultivated in the winter. Papaya is cultivated most commonly in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, Assam, Orissa, West Bengal, Kerala, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh. It is also a large export to Gulf countries. Thus if you’re looking for products to export from India to other countries, this is an option.
It is a popular fruit famous for its high nutritive and medicinal values. It comes early in bearing than any other fruit crop, produces fruits in less than a year and the production of papaya fruits is quite high per unit area.
Profitable Citrus fruit farming in India
Citrus is the highest valued fruit crop. Citrus orchards flourish well in light soils with excellent drainage properties. Deep soils with a pH level range of 5.5 to 7.5 are considered ideal. Though, they can also be grown in a pH range of 4.0 to 9.0. Citrus fruits grow best between temperature ranges of 13°C to 37°C. Citrus wants critical stage watering in the initial year. It further reduces fruit drop and then increases the fruit size. Diseases such as root rot and collar rot occur in flooded conditions.
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