Introduction: Hello polyhouse farmers, today we are here with a great infromation of Polyhouse Subsidy in Telangana, and the cost of Polyhouse construction per acre. Polyhouse is one kind of greenhouse where polyethylene is used as the cover. In India, Polyhouse farming is the main popular greenhouse technology for its low cost of construction. Polyhouse is also known as a polytunnel, hoop greenhouse or hoop house, grow tunnel or high tunnel.
Polyhouse is economical compared to the greenhouse but the later is more durable than polyhouse. Temperature, humidity, and ventilation can be controlled by equipment fixed in the Polyhouse or by manual opening and closing of vents. Polyhouses are mainly used in temperate regions in similar ways to glass greenhouses and row covers.
A guide to Polyhouse subsidy in Telangana, construction cost of Polyhouse
Polyhouse is a system of protected cultivation in agriculture. The polyethylene plastic is used to cover the polyhouse structure. Protected cultivation under Polyhouse is gaining very important these days. It proves to be useful to the farmers since it enables. Off-Season cultivation of vegetables which enables the farmer to have a better price realization.
Polyhouse gives the right environmental facilities to plants in any season. Plants grow faster inside the polyhouse structure because the temperature remains a little higher inside the poly-house, even when it is cooler outside. Fertilizer application is easier in polyhouse and is controlled automatically with the help of drip irrigation.
In polyhouse, productivity is 8 to 10 times higher than the crops grown in open fields. Organic farming is easier under polyhouse structures. Management of insect pests, diseases and weeds are easier under these polyhouse structures. These polyhouse structures are ideally suited for small farmers and unemployed youth from rural areas.
The size of the Polyhouse
A bigger Polyhouse would have more temperature build-up particularly if there is no proper ventilation. In the case of naturally ventilated Polyhouse, the length must not exceed 60 meters.
Site selection is an important factor in polyhouse design. A good site selection can make all the difference in the functional and environmental operations of a polyhouse design. The soil pH for the polyhouse is 5.5 to 6.5. The availability of a continuous source of quality water will be important.
The watering system in Polyhouse farming
Drip irrigation is the best technique for watering the Polyhouse plants owing to the small root system. It should be ensured that the water is dispersed at the root area only and that it does not fall on the leaves. Falling on leaves may lead to infection, disease spread and even scorching. Water is forced out through the nozzles under high pressure through the micro-sprinklers. These sprinklers are arranged at a height of one foot above ground level to ensure that water is dispersed at the basal part of the plants.
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The cost to set up a Polyhouse
To set a Polyhouse design it costs around Rs.750 to Rs.1000 per square meter. The range of polyhouse cost depends on some factors like the quality of the material, place, size, shape, and structure. We can use materials like bamboo, metal pipes, wood, etc., as supporting material. The steel and other metal type pipes have longer durability compared to other materials. Though it is costly to set and keep a Polyhouse, we can get the profit on a large scale if we use it properly. The government is encouraging Polyhouse farming by giving 25 to 75% of subsidy to set up a Polyhouse.
The polyhouse subsidy in Telangana
The establishment of polyhouses is a flagship program in Telangana launched during 2014-15 with a 75% subsidy to promote the cultivation of high-value vegetables. The Telangana government has launched a scheme on establishment of Polyhouses in Telangana under State Plan Schemes through the Department of Horticulture.
Each farmer is eligible for a subsidy for construction of a polyhouse in an area ranging from 200 sq meters to three acres. While the farmers have to bear 25% of the cost, the Telangana government was to release the balance 75% amount in tranches. Polyhouse cultivation involves huge expenditure and farmers cannot go ahead with cultivation unless the government releases the subsidy. “For a 1,000 square meter polyhouse design, the cost comes to about Rs 9.84 lakh and for an acre (4,000 sq meters) a farmer has to spend over Rs 40 lakh.
Construction of polyhouse cost would be Rs.525 /- per sq.mt including the cost of drip Irrigation system and foggers and Rs.105 / sq.mt. towards plant material, bed preparation.
The objectives of the polyhouse subsidy scheme
- To enhance productivity and yields per unit area this, in turn, gives higher returns to farmers.
- Promotion of high-value Horticulture crops under Polyhouses.
- Year-round production of Vegetable crops particularly for off-season production of vegetables.
- Disease-free and genetically superior transplants can be produced continuously, thereby the generation of livelihoods in rural areas.
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The construction of polyhouse
The work of the construction of polyhouse can be completed within 45 days. Further, an extension of the maximum of 15 calendar days could be considered in advance in writing with justification for the delay in writing. An oral request for an extension of time could not be entertained.
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Eligibility and beneficiaries for polyhouse subsidy in Telangana
- All the farmers of the State are eligible for setting polyhouse design.
- Beneficiaries can be eligible up to a minimum of 200 sq. mts and a maximum of 3 acres and small farmers with 0.5 to the 1.0-acre area.
- The farmers will be given an option for selection under empanelled companies and registered companies.
Basic requirements for the establishment of polyhouse in Telangana
- Soil suitability for erection and construction of polyhouse structure and as well as drainage.
- East and South for the sun are excellent for the Poly house, which can remain open on both these sides, but it must be shaded on the north and the west to protect from winds.
- The polyhouse site should be free from shade.
- The site must be at a higher level than the surrounding land with adequate drainage facilities.
- The polyhouse structure should withstand the minimum wind velocity of 80.6 miles per/hr or 120 km/hour or 36 Meters per second.
- The selected beneficiaries shall undergo a training program and exposure visit on the concept of polyhouse farming, a package of practices of high-value vegetables.
- A display board depicting “Department of Horticulture ,Government of Telangana” shall be displayed at the site with name, survey no., Village, Mandal, sanction proceedings number, date, poly house area, name of the firm and address, year of construction of Poly house.
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