Rabbit Farming, Rearing – A Complete Project Guide

Rabbit Farming/Rearing & Project Guide for Beginners:

The following article details about “Rabbit Farming” or  “How to start a Rabbit Farm”.

Rabbit Farming
Rabbit Farming.

Little About Rabbit farming:

It can be a sustainable way to provide protein-rich high-quality meat to a family.  There is little space needed as opposed to a cattle farm, and from a small investment, a rabbit farm can create a decent income, even part-time.  Rabbits can be bred for their meat and also their hide and fur to make clothes or other items.

Rabbit production business is for anyone with the desire to raise livestock for a living.  A farmer with no land will enjoy this trade as little space is required.  Young adults not sure which path to take educationally can benefit from farming life.  A stay at home mother can tend to the rabbits and keep her children entertained at the same time.

There are two ways to rear the rabbits.   Both systems need a shed or shelter to protect the rabbits from predators and the elements.  A Deep Litter System is used when rearing a small number of rabbits.

Rabbit raising the scope and its national importance:

Rabbit production is another livestock activity with great scope as it is relatively easy, rewarding and takes little space compared to other livestock activities. Rabbit production can also provide a very valuable additional source of income in the hilly areas where opportunities for employment are very limited. Another important consideration is the food production cycle, which shows that the rabbit need not be in competition with a man for its food. For producing high-quality woolen, blending with other fine quality fibers is essential, which are produced in limited quantity in our country. Therefore, currently, we are importing the fine wool. The wool from Angora Rabbits is of very high quality and it’s blending with carpet wool of sheep and silk improves the quality of woolen to a great extent. Rabbit production is affordable.  It does not take many rabbits to start a farm.  They are excellent breeders and the farm will grow steadily with about 8-12 rabbits per litter.  Rabbits are easily fed with available greens from around the yard and waste vegetables and grains from around the house.  If compared to other meats, rabbit meat contains more protein and less fat than most.  It can be fed to small toddlers and aging adults because it is easy to digest.

Rabbit Farming Importance.
Rabbit Farming Importance.

Read: How to Make Rosemary Oil.

Main Advantages of Rabbit farming:

  • Rabbits are highly prolific and a good female can produce 25 to 30 kits (young ones) per year.
  • Rabbits can be reared in small groups (up to 50 nos.) in the kitchen garden/backyard of farmer’s house with kitchen waste as feed. Family labor is adequate to take care of the labor requirements of the unit. The initial investment cost is low.
  • Quick returns i.e. within six months after the establishment of the farm.
  • Rabbit meat is rich in poly-unsaturated fatty acids and is categorized as white meat.
  • Rabbits are the best producers of wool on per kg body weight basis. They require 30 % less digestible energy to produce one kg of wool as compared to sheep.
  • Income generation at quarterly interval makes the repayment easy.
  • Apart from providing wool, rabbits also provide income from the sale of kits, meat, pelt, and manure.
  • Residual feed, together with rabbit manure is highly suitable for vermicompost which in turn provides excellent manure for fertilizing the agriculture fields.
  • Rabbit wool is 6 – 8 times warmer than the contemporary sheep wool. It can be mixed with silk, polyester, rayon, nylon, sheep wool and other fibers to make good quality handlooms as well as hand knitted apparels.
  • Rabbits consume a large amount of forage from diverse origins and hence, can be reared on roughage with very less quantity of costly concentrate feed.

Popular Rabbit Breeds:

There are numerous breeds available throughout the world. Some of them are highly productive. Some breeds are very suitable for farming in India according to our weather. Most productive and suitable rabbit breeds are listed below. You can choose any of those breeds.

  1. White Giant
  2. Grey Giant
  3. Flemish Giant
  4. New Zealand White
  5. New Zealand Red
  6. Californian
  7. Dutch
  8. Siviet Chinchilla.

Farming/Raising Methods:

Rabbits can be raised in both the deep litter system and cage system. You can easily make a small shed at the backyard with a very small investment. Good housing or shed is necessary for keeping the rabbits free from weather conditions, rain, sun and various types of predators like dogs or cats, etc.

A Black Rabbit.
A Black Rabbit.

Read: How to Make Lemon Grass Oil.

Feeding  of Rabbits

Good feed always ensures good health and proper growth. So, always try to feed your Rabbits with high quality and nutritious food. Rabbits can eat and consume all types of grains, legumes and green fodders like Lucerne, Agathi, Desmanthus and various types of kitchen wastes including carrots, cabbage leaves, and other vegetable wastes. In case of raising rabbits by feeding concentrate food, try to provide them some green food. For 1 kg body weight of rabbit, you can feed them about 40 grams of concentrate food and 40 grams of green food. Along with good and nutritious food try to provide them sufficient amount of fresh and clean water according to their demand. See full rabbit feeding management.

Breeding of Rabbits

Rabbits become suitable for breeding within their 5 to 6 months of age. You should use male rabbits for breeding purpose at their 1 year of age to get quality young rabbits. Always use healthy rabbits for breeding with proper age and body weight. Take extra care of the male rabbit used for breeding purpose and take good care of pregnant rabbits.

Rabbit Care and Management:

For better production, you must have to take good care of your animals. Generally, diseases are less in rabbits. Healthy rabbits become very active with a shiny hair coat. But if anyhow something goes wrong, then you have to take necessary steps immediately.

Marketing of Rabbits:

Marketing is still a big problem for commercial rabbit production in India. Although various govt. and non-govt. organizations are inspiring rabbit farming business. But the marketing problem is not still solved. Rabbit meat has good demand in some areas. You can try your local market and think about exporting in foreign countries.

Why Angora Rabbits are best for Farming?

Angora rabbits are mainly raised for their wool, which is known for its quality. Angora rabbits have their origin from Angora Province of Turkey from where they were taken to different parts of the world and various types of angora rabbits were evolved. The differences between these types of angora are mainly in the amount of wool produced and the percentage of guard hair in the wool. Among the various types, German Angora is the best and annually yields 1000 to 1800 gm of wool under ideal management practices. Angora rabbits require temperate climate and can be adapted to any set of circumstances right from a kitchen garden to a large intensive commercial enterprise. They produce 6.4 times more wool than sheep on per kg body weight basis and do not require vast grazing land. The wool produced by rabbits is the finest, lightest and warmest among all animal fibers and is preferred for manufacturing of high-value woolens which have got very good export potential. Rabbit wool also has medicinal properties and its garments are recommended in arthritis due to its electrostatic properties.

Now, We put down the Project Report in Angora Rabbit Farming:

Angora Rabbit Farming
Angora Rabbit Farming.

1) Financial assistance is available from banks/NABARD for Rabbit farming business in India.

Read: How to Find the Age of Farm Animals.

Bank loan Sanction and its disbursement:

After ensuring technical feasibility and economic viability, the scheme is sanctioned by the bank. The loan is disbursed in stages against the creation of specific assets such as the construction of sheds, purchase of equipment and animals. The end use of the fund is verified and constant follow-up is done by the bank.

Repayment Period of Loan:

Repayment period depends upon the gross surplus in the scheme. The loan will be repaid in suitable quarterly/half yearly/annual installments usually within a period of about 6-7 years with a grace period of one year. Quarterly repayments are preferred in angora units as the income is frequent and the interest burden on the borrower is reduced.

Insurance:

The animals may be insured annually or through long term master policy, where ever it is applicable. You can google it to see who are covering the rabbits.

A Wild Rabbit.
A Wild Rabbit.

Model Project Cost and Economics of Rabbit farming:

Project cost for a model of 10 female and 3 male Angora rabbits with economics is taken in this project.

Read: Laying Birds Care and Management.

Project Cost of Rabbit Farming table:
Sr.No.Particulars(Amount in Indian Rupees)
1Cost of breeder shed24150
2Cost of wool rabbit shed44850
3Cost of cages 
(i)Breeders9750
(ii)Kindling cages5250
(iii)Wool producer cages81250
4Feeder and waterers3000
5Miscellaneous equipment2000
6Cost of breeders13000
7Insurance of breeders1170
ACapital cost184420
 Recurring Expenses (one-year expenses capitalized) 
8Cost of feed 
(i)Concentrate35720
(ii)Hay1186
(iii)Vegetables/kitchen waste792
9Water and electricity cost1440
10Medicines and miscellaneous expenses1440
BRecurring expenses40578
 Total (A+B)224998
 or say225000
 Margin (10%)22500
 Bank Loan202500
Technical/Economic Parameters of Rabbit Production:
Sr.No.Particulars
1BreedGerman Angora
2Floor space for breeders shed – sqft210
3Floor space for wool rabbits shed – sqft390
4Cost of construction (/sqft)115
5Breeder cages required (No.)13
6Kindling cages (No.)7
7Wool producers cages (No.)130
8Cost of the breeder and kindling cages (/cage)750
9Cost of wool producers cages (/cage)625
10Cost of feeders and waterers (/animal)20
11Miscellaneous equipment (/animal)5
12Cost of breeders ( /animal)1,000
13Insurance – % of breeder cost – for 5 years9%
14Salvage value (/animal) – average400
15Depreciation on sheds and equipment (% per annum)10
16Margin10%
17The gestation period (days)30
18Weaning period (weeks)6
19Inter kindling period (months)4
20Mortality 
(i)Weaners (up to 1.5 months)10%
(ii)Growers (1.5 to 6 months)15%
(iii)Adults (above 6 months) per annum10%
   
21Feed Consumption (grams per day)ConcentrateHay
(i)Breeding does and males20080
(ii)Weaners (1.5 to 3 months)5030
(iii)Growers (4 to 6 months)7040
(iv)Adults  (above 6 months)10075
22Cost of concentrate feed for the breeder (/kg)17 
23Cost of concentrate feed for others (/kg)16 
24Cost of hay (/kg)1 
25Vegetables and Kitchen waste 
(i) per grower month0.75
(ii) per adult month1.50
26Water and electricity (/animal month)2
27Veterinary and miscellaneous expenses (/animal month)2
28Wool production per shearing (gm per rabbit) 
(i)A grower at the age of 3 months75
(ii)A grower at the age of 6 months175
(iii)Adult above 6 months225
29Shearing of adults is done at quarterly intervals
30The sale price of wool (/kg)1,100
31To maintain the strength of adult wool rabbits at 130, animals are sold after maintaining them for 18 months.
32The sale price of rabbits (/animal)800
33Income from manure per grower4
34Income from manure per adult8
 Feed /Fodder Consumption:
Year12345
Weaner months180180180180180
Grower months204306306306306
Adult months180990108010801080
Breeder months156156156156156
Wool production (Kg per year):
Year12345
Grower – 3 months8.558.558.558.558.55
Grower – 6 months11.917.8517.8517.8517.85
Adults6.7567.5818181
Income and Expenditure Details:
ParticularsYear
 123rd year onwards
Income
Sale of Wool29920103290118140
Sale of Animals04640069600
Income from Manure352932988
Sub Total30272150622188728
Expenditure
Cost of Feed
Concentrate357207804082360
Hay118631313333
Vegetables / Kitchen Wastes79220842219
Water & Electricity Cost144032643444
Medicines & Misc. Expenses144032643444
Sub Total405788978394800
Gross Surplus302726083993928
Financial Analysis:
Sr. No.ParticularsYear
  123-67
1Capital Cost184420   
2Recurring expenses40578897839480094800
 Total capital costs224998897839480094800
 Benefits    
3Income30272150622188728188728
4Salvage value of animals   36000
5The residual value of sheds and equipment   49950
 Total Benefit30272150622188728274678
 Net Benefit-1947266083993928179878
 Disc Cost @ 15% DF503830   
 Disc Benefit @ 15% DF650898   
 NPV147068   
 BCR1.29   
 IRR39.2%

Loan Repayment Schedule:

YearGross surplusLoan outstandingInterestPrincipalTotal outgoNet surplus
13027220250024300 243005972
26083920250024300122033650324336
39392819092722836335215635737571
49392815677618813375445635737571
59392811923214308420495635737571
693928771839262470955635737571
793928300883611300883369960229
Interest Rate:

The interest rates will be decided by banks keeping in view RBI guidelines. However, for working out financial viability and bankability of the model project, we have assumed the rate of interest as 12% p.a.

Security:

Security will be as per NABARD / RBI guidelines issued from time to time.

Read: How to Grow Palakura (Spinach) in Pots.

26 COMMENTS

  1. I prefer to do rabbit farming for meat and wool business, can you help me letting me know what are the minimum requirements to run a rabbit farming and even to get a loan from the bank

    • For any livestock farming, you can visit to nearest rural, co-operative, agriculture or even commercial banks for loans. NABARD is the actual bank provides subsidies loans through approved banks. You will get a application farm in the bank where you can get help from bank personal to fill the form. To qualify for loan, you must meet some technical parameters mentioned in the form. These may include about area, housing/shed/road approach and other factors about actual animals. However you need to pay at least 25% of total amount from your pocket. The loan will be sanctioned at the end after verification of your site / farm. The loan amount will be more form scheduled casts when compared to general categories. usually bank interest rates would be around 11 to 12% depending on bank. you better visit your local bank and inquire about it.

  2. Hello good day sir, i am from nizamabad dist., telangana… i am looking to start a rabbit farming, i am new, i don’t have any idea about this, plz give me total information for how to start and how to get bank loan, what is need. Plz give me any one good guidance. Advanced Thanks full to you.

    Regards… Ramu, 9032507511

  3. Dear Sir,
    This is Biplab from Odisha, I need a complete project report for Rabbit cultivation, so please provide the project report.

  4. Can I get permission of rabbit farming in Gujrat. How do I get the buyers local or online I have to find? Can you give me more information about this farming please?

  5. I need to know complete information about rabbit farming in Pune

    1 Total capital required
    2 Market Size and scope
    3 How and where to sell
    4 Training

    Awaiting your reply
    Regards
    vivek kumar

  6. The information is very catchy and useful. Thanks a lot. When it come to marketing still in certain rural areas, usage of this meat is not that consumed compare to country chicken, broiler, goat and sheep meat.

    In this situation, what should be done that make oneself to initiate this farming.

  7. Do we need any permission from state government(Andhra Pradesh) to establishing this rabbit farm

    And one more, selling of rabbit meat is legal in state/india

  8. I am ex Indian army I want to do in my place near madurai .do I need special training for doing this business of rabbit farm’s and I will be getting loan

  9. Paradise Rabbit Farm Govt. Registered Company In Cpcsea. For Any Information About Rabbit Farming,
    Contact 92540 37774

  10. Hello,

    I am from Greater Noida (Gautam Budh Nagar). I am looking to start rabbit farming. As I am new to it and do not have any idea, could you please give me complete information on how to start and how to get a bank loan or whatever needed. Also, I would like to inform you that I live in rented house and do not have any land. Please guide me.

    Kind Regards,
    Rakesh
    8076046734

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