Rose Farming, Planting, Care, Harvesting – A Full Guide

Rose Farming – A Step by Step Guide

Rose Farming
Rose Farming.

Introduction to Growing Roses:

Selection of the right variety of Rose is an important factor in commercial Rose Farming. Production of quality Roses is important to win in the international flower market. Roses have various uses depending on the species and varieties. They may be used as garden plants and cut flowers. They can also be used in making rose water, rose oil and gulkand. Rose cut flowers have an important role in the preparation of floral arrangements, bouquets, in worship, presentation of gifts and on social occasions. In the international trade market, cut roses rank first in popularity. In India, the major rose flower cultivating states are Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and West Bengal.

There are many varieties of the Indian Roses cultivated throughout India which includes pink rose, white rose, maroon rose, red rose, yellow rose, and orange rose.

Commercial Verities of Roses Cultivated in India:

Pink Roses.
Pink Roses.

The following are major types of commercial crop roses.

  1. Floribunda: – These Roses have small flowers (2.5 cm) and shorter stems (less than 60 cm), but yielding is much higher than other types. Examples of this type are KISS, FLORENCE, FRISCO, MERCEDES, and JAGUAR.
  2. Hybrid Tea:- These Roses have large flowers (4 cm.) long stems (125 cm). Yield varies from 100-200 stems per sqm. Hybrid Teas fetch higher profits than other types. Some other known varieties of this group are MELODY, DARLING, SONIA, VIVALDI, TINEKE, and ONLY LOVE.
  3. Spray:- A single stem of this type roses may carry 5-6 flowers, but stem yielding per sqm is very low. Important varieties belonging to the type are NIKITA, EVELIEN, and JOY.
  4. Other commonly cultivated Roses are Baby Pink, Sofia Lawrence, Gladiator, YCD 1, YCD 2, YCD 3.
Poly House-Green House Rose cultivation
PolyHouse-GreenHouse Rose cultivation.

The climatic condition required for Rose Plantation:

More sunlight, humid and moderate temperature ranging from 15°C to 28°C considered as ideal conditions for rose cultivation in the tropical and subtropical climatic condition of India. At a temperature below 15°C, roses may be grown, but the gap between flushes become longer. At higher temperature, say above 30°C, roses can be cultivated provided high humidity is maintained and evaporation is slowed down.

Suitable Soil and It’s Preparation for Planting the Roses:

Roses prefer well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter and oxygen. Farm Yard Manure can be added to make the soil rich in compost. Many growers prefer organic matter as high as 30 percent in the top 30 cm of the growing beds. Roses can be grown well in the soil of PH range of 6  to 6.5. Soil loosening on beds is required after 4 to 6 months or so, there is a chance that the soil become hard and it has to be loosened for efficient irrigation so the flower yield is high.

Yellow Rose.
Yellow Rose.

You may be interested n reading the Rose Plantation Cost, Growing Method For Cut Roses.

Cultivation and Propagation methods of Roses:

Rose plants are mainly propagated by the seeds, layers, by budding and cuttings. Budding is considered to be one of the best methods for propagating rose plants. They can be planted in the circular pits about 60 to 90 cm across and 60 to 75 cm deep. Removing all the broken and bruised leaves while planting is important in the rose farming. Roses require at least eight hours of direct sunlight for the growth. The best season to plant the Rose is between September to October. The rose plant needs trimming/cutting from time to time. It requires Organic matter which include Farm Yard Manure (FMY) and some fertilizers at the time of planting.

White Roses.
White Roses.

Water Requirement for Rose Plantation:

The rose plants should be irrigated daily until they establish properly and thereafter once in a week. Pruning in the rose garden is done during March and October.

Defoliation and Manures in Growing Roses:

To induce certain plant species to flower or to reduce transpiration loss during periods of stress, removal of leaves is needed(defoliation). As Manure is concerned. Three to four months interval, apply Farmyard Manure (FYM) at 12 kg and 8:8:16 g NPK/plant after each pruning.

Harvesting Techniques of Roses:

Harvesting is done with a sharp object at the stage of tight bud when the color is fully established and the petals have not yet started unfolding. There should be 1 to 2 mature leaves those with five leaflets left on the plant after the flower has been cut. Leaving these matures leaves will increase the production of new strong shoots. Harvesting is preferred in early morning hours.

You may be interested in reading the Growing Roses In Containers.

The yield of Roses:

The Hybrid roses can yield around 80 to 90 stems/plant/year.

Bottom Line of Growing Roses:

If your farm produces quality flowers, there will be huge profits in rose farming.

Read: How to Grow Tomatoes without Soil.


  1. hello,
    I am cultivating roses from last 6 years in around half hectare but using open irrigation. However, local farmers says that drip irrigation will destroy can you please guide me,if I should opt for drip or not?

    • I am not sure why they said drip irrigation causes any problem. In fact, drip irrigation has many advantages than flood irrigation or sprinkler irrigation. Optimal water utilization, Controlling weed growth, Effective fertilization and controlling soil erosion is some of the benefits of drip irrigation. Go for drip irrigation.

  2. Dear All ,
    I have 4 hectare of fertile land,I am interested to use for commercial production of rose or any other flower, please suggest guide me for this. The land location is in Uttar Pradesh.

    • Cut Flowers have excellent demand in the market especially at festive seasons. Export quality flowers are achieved in greenhouse farming or polyhouse farming compared to open field cultivation of roses or any other flowers.

  3. The rose plants planted on red soil are not growing efficiently. The stem and the buds are turning blank.
    Please suggest a good fertilizer/pesticide for the same.

  4. Hello, I want to ask you that which type of flowers I planted in Rewari Rajasthan. Tell me which are in demand now a days.

  5. Hey,

    I am planning to plant roses in my farm in the area of 50*50 meters in Rajasthan. Climatic conditions in Rajasthan in the month of August to october is around 35 to 37 degree Celsius. Kindly suggest if the climatic conditions will be suitable for the same. Also, have been planning to opt for drip irrigation, will that work in the benefit of growth of the roses?

  6. I am resident of Jodhpur west Rajasthan. It is desert area (for informing you here’s climate condition). But I am living in city and have a garden. Earlier we have rose plants. I want to plant rose again in garden. Please suggest me the name of most fragrance rose verity. I also want to know that which one is best rose verity for garden (for looking, number of flowers on one plant, fragrance etc).

  7. Sir, I would like to know whether Rosa Damascenia or Rosa
    Centifolia can be cultivated around Dholka and Khera
    for their aromatic oil extraction purposes.
    Would be obliged to get your earliest response.
    Thank you

  8. HI, I want to start farming of red roses can you please guide from the initiate. I have two acres of land for farming. Need to start farming for commercial use.

  9. I am planing for 6 acer greenhouse to get lease or rent. so that’s why how much we will get maximum and minimum net profit in 4000 sqm or one acer greenhouse dutch rose cut flowers, please explain me sir.

  10. Dear Sir,

    I live in Rajkot, Gujarat. I want to start rose farming in my plot 2500 sq/ft to begin with.

    It is possible and viable and profitable to start rose farming in this small area?

    Are you providing any consultancy services for setting up rose farm? Please advise.

  11. Hi Team ,

    I want to get into rose farming in Hyderabad , I have a Acer land in Hyderabad . Is there a course or some one i can reach out to get some type of training and field trip.

  12. We are cultivating roses in around 1/2 acre . They were good all the season but when it comes to rainy season the leaves were turning into colour and getting detached from plant .

  13. I our company is going to star a project in qatar hydroponic roses one of our big challenge is the temperature from July to Sept is goes to 58 degree any recommendations

  14. We have 2000 acres of Tea Plantation, in Peerimedu. Kerala. Is it Possible to do Rose Flower Cultivation in between the Tea Garden in Large scale ?

    Is Peerumedu Climate suitable for Rose Farming?

    Please advise

  15. Please give a brief Red mirable rose farming from top to bottom.i had a red soil and i am planning to farm red mirable roses


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