Poultry Layer Farming Project Report:
The following content is about “Poultry Layer Farming”.
Poultry egg and meat are important sources of high-quality proteins, minerals, and vitamins to balance the human diet. Commercial layer strains are now available with traits of high egg production and high feed conversion efficiency. Superior germplasm of chicken has been developed by both public and private sectors which met the requirement of Indian Poultry Industry. Depending on the farm-size, layer (for eggs) farming can be the main source of family income or can provide income and gainful employment to farmers throughout the year. Poultry manure has high manure value and can be used for increasing yield of all crops.
Poultry is one of the fastest growing segments of the agricultural sector in India today. India has emerged on the world map as the 3rd largest egg producer (56 billion eggs) and annual growth rate in egg production approximated 6% per year (Source; Report of the Working Group on AH & dairying, 12th Five Year Plan). The current strength of layers in India is estimated to be 230 million and the annual per-capita availability of eggs has increased from 7 eggs in 1961 to 52 eggs in 2010. However, the present availability is far below the ICMR recommendation of 180 eggs per capita per annum.
In the poultry industry, value-added products utilizing poultry eggs, culled birds for human consumption have been developed. However, only 6% of the eggs produced in the country are converted into processed egg products mainly for export.
The poultry sector in India has undergone a paradigm shift in structure and operation. This transformation has involved sizable investments in breeding, hatching, rearing, and processing. Farmers in India have moved from rearing non-descriptive birds to rearing hybrids which ensure faster growth, good livability, excellent feed conversion, high egg production and profits to the rearers. High-quality chicks, equipment, vaccines, and medicines are now available through both public and private players. Technically and professionally competent guidance is available to the farmers. The managerial practices have improved and disease and mortality incidences are reduced to a great extent. The industry has grown largely due to the initiative of private enterprises, government intervention, and considerable indigenous poultry genetic capabilities and adequate support from the complementary veterinary health, poultry feed, poultry equipment, and poultry processing sectors.
To Read Full NABARD Project of Poultry layer farming Read here: Poultry Layer Project report.