Cantaloupe Farming (Musk melon/Kharbooj)

Cantaloupe Farming  Guide:

Cantaloupe Farming
Cantaloupe Farming.


Introduction of Cantaloupe: – Cantaloupe/Musk melon/Kharbooj is a popular fruit crop grown throughout India. This fruit is being used as desert fruit and also eaten fresh. This fruit belongs to “Cucurbitaceae” family and its botanical name is “Cucumus Mela .L.”.

Health Benefits of Cantaloupe:- Some of the health benefits of Cantaloupe/Musk melon are as follows:

  • Cantaloupe helps in controlling the blood pressure.
  • Cantaloupe may help in weight loss.
  • Cantaloupe has low or no cholesterol.
  • Cantaloupe is good for eye health.
  • Cantaloupe may help in regulating the blood sugar levels
  • Cantaloupe may boost immunity.
  • Cantaloupe may prevent kidney stones.
  • Cantaloupe may help during pregnancy.
  • Cantaloupe may help in preventing cancer.
  • Cantaloupe may help in relieving constipation.
Health Benefits of Canataloupe
Health Benefits of Cantaloupe.

Major Cantaloupe Grown States in India:- Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh,  Punjab, Maharashtra,  Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

Local Names of Cantaloupe in India:-  Cantaloupe/Musk melon/Honey Dew (English),Kharbooj (Hindi), Kharbuj (Marathi).Kharbooja (Telugu),Keerini pazham (Tamil),Thalkumbalam (Malayalam),Kharbuja/kekkarikke hannu(Kannada),Teti (Gujarati), Kharamuja (Bengali).

High Yielding Improved Varieties of Cantaloupe in India:- Hara Madhu, Annamalai,Lanow safed, Haribhari,Pusa Asaarbati, Punjab sunahari,Arka rajhans, Durgapura Madhu and Arka Jest.

Climate Required for Cantaloupe Farming:- The Cantaloupe/Muskmelon crop grows best in hot and dry climatic conditions and this fruit is cultivated as summer crop. Good sunshine and high heat make the melon to have good sugar content. This fruit crop is highly susceptible to frost conditions.

Soil Requirement for Cantaloupe Farming: – Musk melon/Kharbooj can be cultivated on wide range of soils. However, its cultivation is best suited on sandy loam/ light-textured, warm, well-drained soils with high in organic matter. High yield with good flavour can be expected with soil pH 6.0 to 7.0. Soil temperature below 15°C slows the seed germination and growth.

Land Preparation in Cantaloupe Farming:- 2 to 3 ploughings is required to bring the soil to fine tilth and wed free. This can be done tractor or local/country plough.

Propagation and Sowing Method in Cantaloupe Farming:- Propagation is done by seeds. Make sure soil has good warmth condition for better germination. These fruit seeds take 3 to 5 days for germination.

There are four methods of sowing in musk melon cultivation.

  • Deep Pit Method: This method is best for river bed sowing. With 60 to 70 cm diameter & 1.0 to 1.5 m. depth of circular pits should be dug at a distance 1.6 to 2.5 meter distance in both ways.
  • Shallow Pit Method: In this sowing method, dig the pits of 60 cm X 60 cm X 50 cm at a distance of 1.5 meter to 3 meter. Should fill the each pit with mixture of farm yard manure (5 kg) and soil, 40 grams of Urea, 50 grams of Phosphate & 100 grams of Potash. Once pits are filled, make the circular basins for sowing the 6 seeds/basin at the depth of 3 cm. Cover the seeds with soil with little Farm Yard Manure or any other well rotten compost.
  • Mound Method: In this method of planting, musk melon seeds are sown on the mounds. In this method an average seed rate per acre is 1.5 kg. row-to-row spacing is 300 to 325 cm and plant-to-plant spacing is 90 to 100 cm. For better seed germination, treat the seeds with 2 percent of HCL.
  • Ridge Method: In this method, the musk melon seeds are sown on sides of raised beds.

Sowing Season in Cantaloupe Farming:- The cantaloupe seeds are sown from Nov to Dec in south India, Bihar & West Bengal. In plains, seeds are sown from Nov to Mar and in hills, seeds are sown from April to May.

Seed Rate in Cantaloupe Farming:- Seed rate depends on the size  and shape of the seed. An average seed rate in muskmelon farming is about 3 kg/hectare.

Manures and Fertilizers in Cantaloupe Farming:- Spread about 60 cart loads of Farm Yard Manure (FMY) or any other compost as part of soil/land preparation. Other fertilizers, NPK ratio should be 80:40:40 kg/ha should be applied. Half dose of Nitrogen and full does of Potash & Phosphorus should be applied at the time of seed sowing. Remaining 1/2 dose of Nitrogen should be applied after 30days of sowing.

Irrigation in Cantaloupe Farming:- Irrigation should be given immediately after sowing the seeds in the field. Subsequent irrigations may be given @ 10 days interval to maintain the good soil moisture. Crops cultivated on river beds or in rainy conditions, may not need irrigation. Avoid water logging in the field by make soil with good internal drainage.

Weed Control in Cantaloupe Farming:- During the early stage of musk melon crop, give 3 to 4 hoeing to control the weeds and retain the soil moisture.

Pests and Diseases in Cantaloupe Farming:- Most common pests and diseases in Musk melon farming are:  Aphids, Cucumber beetles, Cutworms, Root knot nematode, Southern blight (Stem and fruit rot), Fusarium wilt, Gummy stem blight, Anthracnose (Leaf spot, Fruit rot), Alternaria leaf spot, Charcoal rot, Downy mildew, Powdery mildew, Angular leaf spot, Bacterial wilt, Mosaic, Cabbage looper, Thrips, Squash bug. To control this appropriate action should be taken at various levels it also depends on the area/region cultivated. For more information on pests and diseases control in Cantaloupe farming, contact your nearest agriculture department.

Harvesting of Cantaloupe:-  To get good quality of fruits, they should be harvested in right time. Cantaloupe or Musk melon fruits are ready for harvesting when the fruit external colour is changed. Clear sign of maturity in most melon varieties is when the rind changes colour from grey or green to yellow. Normally these fruits mature in 85 days to 115 days depending on the variety and climatic condition.

Yield of Cantaloupe: – Yield depends mainly on crop management practices and variety cultivated. An average yield of 125 to 150 quintals per hectare can be obtained in musk melon cultivation.

Bottom Line of Cantaloupe Farming:- Growing Cantaloupe/Musk melon fruit as precision crop is highly profitable.

For sheep farming and Goat farming in India:  Read Here. 


    • Well, For any crop water draining is important, if there is heavy flooding. Waterlogged conditions may cause lots of diseases and leaches out all nutrients from the soil. However, some crops can survive with high rain fall are Paddy/Rice in early stages of growth not at the time of harvest.

  1. Very good information has been provided, i would like appreciate for this first.
    I would like to more about this muskmelon market like present rates and is there is any training sessions. pls help

  2. Hello, Can we cultivate muskmelon with watermelon or it will affect on yield?. I am from Gujarat and planning to cultivate watermelon in 9-10 acre around February

  3. I plan to cultivate musk melon in 1 acre during March in the river bed in Odisha. The soil is sandy and draining one. But, I want to do completely in natural (ZBNF) way without applying any chemicals and fertilizers. Please suggest the process. We did water melon last time in the pits and I hope that should be the right method to do. We did pits of size 2/2ft with 6 ft separation and planted 4/5 seeds of water melon. Is it going to be the same way for musk melon too?


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here