Garden Planting Calendar in India: Month-wise Chart and Guide for Fruits, Flowers, Herbs, and Vegetables

Beginning a garden activity has all the potential thrills and nerve-wracking difficulties for any person. As you develop, the grass becomes a magnificent garden filled with flowers, fruit trees, vegetable plots, raised beds, and garden art. Below, we learn about garden planting calendars in India, planting calendars for vegetables, fruits, herbs, and flowers, month wise gardening guide and planting chart for different fruits, flowers, herbs, and vegetables.

Garden Planting Calendar in India
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Garden Planting Calendar in India

The best month to plant vegetables in India

Vegetables, whether sown directly in the ground outside or in a heated greenhouse, are best for maximum tenderness and taste when sown and harvested at the peak of their season. Depending on the weather, wide beans may need to be planted sooner than other vegetables between March and May. Most harvests start in the middle of the summer. But other vegetables like beans, radishes, carrots, and potatoes can be harvested earlier.

Remember that certain vegetables, like cabbages, beets, leeks, brussels sprouts, and parsnips, need more time to mature before they can be harvested. Depending on weather and plant growth, later-ripening vegetables can be harvested into the new year. Some crops, such as tomatoes, should be planted inside and transplanted outdoors. Tomatoes, sweet corn, and cabbage all have tough skins and need this process. Summer is ideal for cultivating vegetables. The Indian summer sun is harsh, yet some vegetables can thrive in this climate if given enough time in the day.

Fruits that grow fast in India

Tropical and subtropical regions with high humidity and mild temperatures are ideal for Guva trees. Propagation by cuttings or grafting is preferable to seeding. Some well-known types of guava include the Chittidar, Hafshi, Allahabad Safeda, Harijha, and Allahabadi Gurkha. Its maximum height is roughly 10-12 feet, and its spread is around 15 feet. Papaya is cultivated from a small, multi-trunked tree. In about 9–11 months, a papaya tree will start producing a bounty of delicious fruit.

In India, the Sitafal tree is quickly spreading its fruiting canopy. Its fruits are velvety to the touch, with tasty flesh and small black seeds. The greenish-yellow fruits are typically between 5 and 12 cm in diameter. The mulberry bush is up next. Being so sturdy required little upkeep. It takes a fruit tree ten years to develop from seed. Therefore, the grafting method is suggested for this tree to mature quickly and produce early fruits.

Another hardy and resilient fruit tree is the ber. The fruit is sometimes known as an Indian plum. You can plant this tree in a hot or cold climate, and it will thrive. It requires little in the way of maintenance. Fruiting peach trees thrive in the milder temperatures in places like Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Meghalaya, etc. However, some historical varieties of peach trees can begin bearing fruit as soon as a year after planting.

Regarding fruits, bananas are among the most well-liked all across the world. For the simple reason that it tastes great and does your body good. These fruit trees in India tend to mature rapidly. The height of the deciduous fig tree can range from 7-10 meters. Cuttings and root suckers make it easy to spread plants. Figs have a crisp seed in the center of juicy flesh.

Herbs that can be grown indoors in India

Many people want a large garden, but limited land prevents its realization. You can grow a few easy-to-care-for herbs and greens inside if you have a small balcony or a window sill. Herb gardening in the house is a breeze. India’s moderate climate is ideal for herb growth. It’s best to begin with, herbs like thyme, mint, and basil. Sow the seeds somewhere where they will get filtered light, such as a windowsill.

What can I plant in February in India?

Winter officially ends in February. This month, you can harvest a bounty of fruits, vegetables, and flowers. The month of February is often referred to as “spring gardening.” Although certain plants need a warmer environment to thrive, others can be successfully cultivated in both a greenhouse and conventional indoor settings despite the cold weather. In February, plants that thrive under cloches include broad beans, lettuce, green salad onions, carrots, early beetroots, peas, radishes, spinach, and summer cabbage.

If the soil is not frozen in February, hardy board beans and other outdoor vegetables can be planted. Vegetables and crops that can be started inside or in a greenhouse in February include early potatoes, cucumbers, tomato seeds, brassicas, peas, basil, cauliflower, and sweet peppers. When the soil is not frozen in February, you can plant red currants, raspberry canes, white currants, black currants, and blackberries. Bare-root strawberries, apricots, peaches, nectarines, and gooseberries grow best in February.

What are winter vegetables in India?

Broccoli, cabbage, leek, pea, collard, garlic, asparagus, parsley, spinach, chive, radish, turnip, Brussels sprouts, rhubarb, kale, onion, and kohlrabi are all examples of hardy vegetables that can be grown in India throughout the winter. Chinese cabbage, parsnip, cauliflower, carrot, globe artichoke, potato, lettuce, bitter gourd, celery, leaf beet, bottle gourd, and capsicum/bell pepper are all examples of vegetables that are only partially hardy or tolerant.

Despite the frost, asparagus and rhubarb can be harvested successfully. High temperatures (20-27°C) are ideal for growing carrots and celery, two crops that are not frost-resistant yet thrive under other conditions.

When should I plant tomato seeds in India?

The planting seasons for winter crops are June and July, while spring and summer crops are planted in October and November. For best results when planting hills, wait until March or April. Tomato plants are started inside as seedlings and then moved to outdoor plots. The height of the mattresses on the three by 0.6-meter beds is between fifteen centimeters to a meter. About 70 centimeters of space is kept between beds to make it easier to do things like watering, weeding, and fertilizing.

Which fruits grow in which season in India?

  • Summer fruits in India: watermelon, papaya, plum, blackberries, muskmelons, and mango.
  • Spring fruits in India: lychee, strawberries, pineapple, jackfruits, and cherries.
  • Rainy season fruits in India: pomegranate, pear, peach, Jamun, apple, and custard apple.
  • Winter fruits in India: guava, figs, Chiku, grapes, orange, kiwi, and dates.

When should I plant basil in India?

Plant some basil seeds in a tiny pot on a sunny window sill in early spring, around February or March. The seedlings should be repotted into a bigger container in April. Basil leaves the main ingredient in the flavorful pesto, are often used in pasta dishes, salads, and curries.

Which flower plant is good for a home in India?

The Peace Lily, as it is often called, is a beautiful and calming flower. Among India’s many beautiful native houseplants, the Peace Lily stands out as the most spectacular. As with other houseplants, the Peace Lily needs little attention. The Peace Lily is a massive plant with big green leaves and pure white blossoms. Watering it at the right time is as easy as looking at the sun. When a Peace Lily needs water, its leaves may droop.

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Dahlias Flower Garden
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However, families with pets may want to look elsewhere. Animals can get ill by ingesting flowers of a peaceful lily. Cats and dogs often engage in the activity of chewing plants. However, this habit can be harmful if the animals ingest the plant matter. The blossoms should be protected by being kept out of reach.

Which flower blooms all year round in India?

Bougainvillea is among the most difficult plants to care for. To obtain the most sunlight, this plant may often be seen growing in the center of the road or on a divider in India. Its flowery style hasn’t changed at all. The papery quality of the blooms adds to their beauty. They thrive in containers and need little attention from the grower, but the end product is breathtaking.

Vegetable planting garden calendar/guide/chart/schedule for India

Vegetable planting calendar for North India and South India
Vegetable North India-growing seasonSouth India-growing seasonGermination temperature (degrees C)Days to maturity
CornOct to NovSept to Oct1070 to 85 days
PumpkinJan to Mar,
Sep to Dec,
May to June
June to July,
Dec to Jan
20 to 3560 to 100 days
PotatoOct to DecOct to Dec470 to 75 days
Cauliflower (early)Mid-JuneJune to July.
Aug to Sep
25 to 2770 to 120 days
Cauliflower (late)Aug to Sep
June to July16 to 20120 to 125 days
Cauliflower (midseason)Jun to July,
Aug to Sept
June to July,
Aug to Sep
<16120 to 125 days
TurnipOct to NovOct to Nov15 to 35120 to 125 days
TomatoJune to Aug,
Nov to Dec
Jan to Feb,
June to July,
Oct to Nov
20 to 3040 to 50 days
SpinachSept to Nov, FebSept to Nov10 to 22110 to 115 days
RadishAug to Jan–it depends–10 to 3060 days
PeasSept to Oct, NovSept to Nov10 to 2240 to 45 days
OnionMay to JuneMar to April,
May to June,
Sept to Oct
10 to 3255 to 60 days
OkraFeb to March,
June to July
Jan to Feb,
May to June,
Oct to Dec
20 to 32150 to 160 days
LettuceSept to OctOct to Dec7 to 2745 to 50 days
BeansFeb to Mar16 to 3045 to 55 days
CucumberFeb to Mar,
June, July
June to July,
Sept to Oct,
Dec to Jan
16 to 3245 to 50 days
CarrotAug to OctAug to Nov10 to 3050 to 70 days
CapsicumNov to Jan,
May to June
Jan to Feb,
May to June,
Oct to Nov
15 to 2575 to 80 days
CabbageSept to OctJune to July,
Oct to Nov
10 to 2095 to 100 days
BroccoliAug to SeptAug to Sept21 to 2390 to 100 days
Bottle gourdFeb to Mar,
June to July
Nov to Dec,
Dec to Jan,
Jun to July
20 to 3090 to 100 days
Bitter gourdFeb to Mar,
June to July
Nov to Dec,
Dec to Jan,
Jun to July
20 to 3055 to 60 days
BeetrootOct to NovAug to Nov10 to 3055 to 60 days
Apple gourdFeb to Mar,
June to July
Feb to Mar,
June to July
20 to 3080 to 90 days
EggplantsJune to July, AprJune to July,
Nov, Apr
22 to 30120 to 130 days

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Okra Garden
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Fruit garden planting calendar/guide/chart/schedule for India
Fruits Sowing timeGermination
WatermelonFeb to Mar (in the north),
Year-round (in the south)  
6 to 7 days
BananaJune to July,
Oct to Nov
2 to 3 weeks
OrangeDec to Feb,
Oct to Mar
6 to 8 weeks
PineappleJuly to SepAbout six months
LycheeAug to Sep1 to 4 weeks
MangoAug to Oct2 to 4 weeks
StrawberrySep to OctSeven days to 6 weeks
GrapesFeb to Mar,
Dec to Jan
10 to 15 days
Custard appleApril to MayThree weeks
SapotaJune to Dec2 to 4 weeks
LemonJune to JulyKnow
Kinnow Aug to Oct7 to 14 days
MosambiAug to Sep,
April to May
3 to 4 weeks
PapayaFeb to Mar,
June to July,
Oct to Nov
2 to 3 weeks
PearJune to Dec2 to 4 weeks
PeachLate Jan1 to 3 months
AppleJan to FebAround 30 days
FigsJan to Feb (north India),
Aug to Sep (south India),
June to July (western India)
1 to 2 weeks
PlumsJanuary10 to 18 days
JackfruitJune to Dec3 to 8 weeks
GuavaJune to Sep2 to 8 weeks
PomegranateJune to July,
Sep to Feb
30 to 40 days
ApricotMay to June,
1 to 2 months
Apple berJuly to Aug2 to 4 weeks
KiwiJanAround two weeks
RambutanDec to Jan10 to 21 days
PersimmonsMarch to April2 to 3 weeks
JamunFeb to Mar,
July to Aug
10 to 15 days
CoconutMay to June3 to 6 months

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Strawberry Farming
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Flower garden planting calendar/guide/chart/schedule for India  
Flowers Start seeds
in these months
HibiscusMar to May2 to 3 weeks
JasmineMar to June4 to 6 weeks
AgeratumSep to Nov7 to 10 days
hollyhockSep to Oct10 to 14 days
SnapdragonSep to Nov10 to 21 days
African daisySep to Oct
Mar to Apr
15 to 20 days
China asterSep to Oct,
July to Aug
10 to 14 days
CockscombJan to Feb,
May to June,
Sep to Oct
7 to 14 days
CornflowerSep to Oct7 to 10 days
Spider plantSep to Oct,
Jan to Feb
14 to 20 days
Indian pinkSep to Nov7 to 14 days
SunflowerJan to June7 to 10 days
BalsamJan to Feb4 to 5 days
Forget me notSep to Oct8 to 14 days
PetuniaAug to Oct<7 days
PhloxAug to Oct5 to 10 days
African marigoldSep to Oct4 to 14 days
French marigoldSep to Oct,
Mar to Apr
7 to 14 days
ZinniaJan to June7 to 10 days
RoseSep to Oct4 to 8 weeks
LotusApr to June< 1 week
DahliaApr to Mar7 to 10 days
PlumeriaMar to June3 to 14 days
LilyJune to July9 to 18 days
daisiesMar to Apr10 to 20 days
IrisLate July to Mid-Aug28 to 35 days
PansiesJuly to Oct1 to 3 weeks
PoppyMar to May7 to 14 days
CannaMar to Apr7 to 14 days

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Sunflower Garden
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Herbs garden planting calendar/guide/chart/schedule for India
Herbs Sowing timeGermination time
CuminOct to Nov7 to 14 days
CorianderSept to Oct2 to 3 weeks
FenugreekJune to July,
3 to 5 days
MustardSep to Oct7 to 10 days
Holy basilFeb to Mar7 to 10 days
GingerMar to April6 to 8 weeks
TurmericMar to Apr6 to 10 months
Lemon grassMar to AprTwo weeks
ParsleyNov to Jan7 to 10 days
SageFeb to Mar10 to 21 days
Curry leavesJuly to Aug10 to 15 days
DillOct10 to 14 days
MintFeb to Mar7 to 15 days
OreganoFeb to Mar1 week
RosemarySep to Oct15 to 25 days
ThymeAprilUp to 4 weeks
TarragonJuly to Aug10 to 14 days
ChivesMar to July7 to 10 days

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Mint Garden
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The best and most gratifying gift you can offer your garden is regular, careful attention to the care of its plants. You should take the time to deadhead, weed, trim, and otherwise organize your garden. If a plant seems to be failing to flourish, you should investigate the soil and roots to find out why it isn’t flourishing.

Eliminate the sources of diseases and pests by using the proper protocols. Provide fertilizer and water to your plants periodically.


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