Greenhouse Farming Information:
Greenhouse Farming Information- Introduction: – What is Greenhouse? A greenhouse is a framed or inflated structure covered with a transparent or translucent material in which fruit or vegetable or flower crops can be grown under the controlled climatic conditions of at least a partially controlled environment. The greenhouse is an area in which it permits a person to work and carry out regular cultural operations.
For a complete cost & profits of the greenhouse farming Information: Read here.
Greenhouse Farming Information – Advantages:- Greenhouse farming is picking very rapidly due to its advantages. The following are some of the Greenhouse benefits.
- Crop cultivation can be carried out under a controlled environment.
- Greenhouse provides an excellent opportunity to grow high-quality crops for export markets.
- Greenhouse environment is suitable for cultivating crops year-round to meet the market demands
- Greenhouse provides the best opportunity within the limited land resources
- Greenhouse provides successful nurseries from by vegetative or seeds propagation
- In Greenhouse farming, high yielding is possible with a low area of cultivation
- Farming in Greenhouse can provide local employment for educated youth.
- The greenhouse also provides an opportunity to learn about high yielding cultivation
- The greenhouse is the best place for the evolution of new varieties and the production of seeds
Greenhouse Farming Information -Types of Greenhouses:- Greenhouse type is categorized based on covering material, environmental control, shape and structure, and cost.
Let us get into details of Greenhouse types.
Greenhouse types based on covering material: The following are the types of Greenhouse based on covering material.
- Fiber-reinforced plastic house
Greenhouse types based on cost: The following are the Greenhouse types based on the cost.
- Low cost: Up to Rs. 500/sq.meter
- Medium cost: From Rs. 500 to 1000 /sq.meter
- High cost: Above Rs. 1000/sq.meter.
Greenhouse types based on shape & structure: The following are the Greenhouse types based on the shape and structure.
- Gothic arch
- Even span
- Double-span (or) multi-span.
Greenhouse types based on environmental control: The following are the Greenhouse types based on environmental control.
- Naturally ventilated greenhouses
- Evaporatively cooled greenhouses
- High-tech greenhouses.
Greenhouse Farming Information – Site Selection:- Selecting a perfect site is the most important part of Greenhouse farming:
- The Greenhouse should be well connected with roads and local markets.
- The greenhouse should not be built in waterlogged areas
- Avoid the areas where heavy winds are possible to prevent or minimize the wind damage
- Make sure the site is well-drained in case of heavy rains or floods.
- Avoid constructing a Greenhouse near industry to prevent possible pollution effects on Greenhouse crops.
- Make sure to have sufficient room for future site expansion
- As labour is an integral part of the greenhouse, make sure to have availability of labour.
- The site should have communication facilities like telephone, fax, and internet.
Greenhouse Farming Information – Orientation of Greenhouse:- The following is the preferred orientation of the Greenhouse.
- In the naturally ventilated greenhouse, the ventilators should open on the leeward side
- In a free-standing greenhouse, it should have its long axis perpendicular to the wind direction
- In a multi-plan greenhouse, the gutter should be oriented north-south direction
- In the free-standing greenhouse, more sunlight is available in winter in an east-west direction
Greenhouse Farming Information – Environmental Control:- The following are the means of controlling the environment in the Greenhouse.
- Sprinkling water on the cover
- Natural ventilation can be provided by using ventilation nets & ridge openings
- Mechanical ventilation can be provided by exhaust fans and mixing fans
- Air conditioners can be used in hi-tech Greenhouse for very high-value crops
- For Shade control, shade nets or thermal screens can be used
- Overhead misting or fogging system can be used
- In dry climates, fan-pad cooling can be used.
Greenhouse Farming Information – Maintenance:- Maintenance in Greenhouse farming is very important and a little expensive too.
- Because of the dust, biofilm reduces the transmittance of covers. Hence the covers should be washed periodically
- The PE covers lose their transmissivity within five years period so they need to be replaced
- The greenhouse should be fumigated & the soil should be solarized by mulching every year
- In a Greenhouse, fertigation should be used for fertilizer application and irrigation
- UV stabilized insect nets over all vents and openings, Insect traps /biological control is mandatory
- The drip irrigation system should be flushed & cleaned periodically
- Providing an insect-proof net to facilitate ventilation by keeping the inside greenhouse door open is essential.
Difference between Greenhouse and Polyhouse:- Greenhouse is a broad term and Polyhouse is one type of greenhouse made out of polyethylene, it can also be with a wood called Lath house & with glass it is called Greenhouse.
Greenhouse Farming Information – Subsidy:- Most of the state governments encouraging greenhouse cultivation by providing subsidies. For subsidy information on the greenhouse, contact the local horticulture department.
For complete low-cost greenhouse farming Information: Read here.
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