High-Profit Farming with Low Investment – Ideas In India

Introduction to High-Profit Farming with Low Investment

Farming can prove to be a successful business idea if done correctly. With minimal capital, you can simply get favorable returns. Even when there is a global recession, agriculture is one of the evergreen sectors that would continue in a normal way. While some need a medium to large investment, some agriculture business needs low investment. The agriculture sector is a very vast and large sector which contains many other things like forestry, fisheries and animal husbandry. Every agriculture-related business is done with commitment and passion can reward you with a very good income.

A Step be Step Guide to High-Profit Farming with Low Investment in India

Agricultural business means rearing and growing of crops and livestock, their production, and marketing. For the people of sub-rural and rural areas of the country, agriculture is one of the main sources of livelihood. This sector mainly depends on the climate for its flourishment but with the introduction of science and technology, this field too has witnessed huge development.  Agricultural farming can be done with nominal investment. One thing has to understand the kind of demand an agricultural product has locally. Agriculture business means marketing and producing agriculture commodities such as livestock and crops. Agricultural farming is the fastest growing evergreen field. With a low investment, the business of agriculture can be started.

The Best High-Profit Farming with Low Investment Agricultural Business Ideas in India

Businesses can be large scale, small scale with large or small investments.

Choosing for agricultural businesses can mainly be categorized into 3 aspects;

  1. Agricultural Input Resources – fertilizer, energy, machinery, Feed, Seed, nutrients, equipment, etc.
  2. Agricultural Commodities – fibre, cereals, Food, etc.
  3. Agricultural Finance and facilitative services – insurance, marketing, transportation, credit, warehouse management, etc.

Agricultural business is all about the marketing and production of agricultural supplies through farming items related to livestock and crops. Agriculture remains the main livelihood of maximum families in rural and suburban areas worldwide. There are several ways to earn good money in agriculture. If you have sufficient empty land, that was suitable for farming, you can start an agricultural farm. Items that are highly demanded locally can be produced on it. Maintaining good quality can fetch you high profits. The tree farm is the business of growing trees and earns money by selling them. But the waiting period of getting money in this business is moderately high as the growth of trees needs considerable time. The tree farm is one of the finest small farm business ideas to start. This might require some maintenance cost and it comes under the category of good and profitable agriculture business.

Different High-Profit Farming with Low Investment Business Ideas

1. Organic fertilizer production – Organic fertilizer or vermicompost production has become a household business. It does not need more investment and very simple to initiate with a little know-how of the production process. This is one of the best high-profit farming with low investment business in India

2. Business of fertilizer distribution – This business is well suitable for people who are living in rural areas or small towns. In this business, you have to purchase fertilizers from big cities and make them available in rural areas.  This is one of the best small agricultural business ideas to start in rural areas.

3. Dry flower business – The dried flower business has flourished over the last 10 years. If you have vacant land, you can grow flowers, make them dry and sell to hobbyists or craft stores.

4. Mushroom farming – Growing mushrooms can give you more profit in less time. This business can be started with low investment and it needs less space also. Mushrooms are in great demand at households, hotels, and restaurants.

5. Poultry farming – The poultry farming business has transformed into a techno-commercial industry. Moreover, in the last few decades, it is one of the fastest-growing industries.  If you are looking for small farm income ideas, this will be the best fit for you. Taking the poultry birds weight, averagely 1 kg, you can earn about 10,000 (birds) X Rs. 100 (lowest meat rate in the market) = Rs 10,00,000 means in a short period, you are going to earn 100 % of returns, which you had spent to establish this business.

6. Hydroponic retail store – Hydroponics is a new plantation technology and it does not use soil for growing plants. A hydroponic retail store deals in hydroponic equipment and also develops plants to be sold for both home use and commercial. This is one of the best high-profit farming with low investment business in India

7. Organic greenhouse – An organic greenhouse business has good potential to grow because nowadays the demand for organically grown products is increasing consistently. Previously, this business was done on small family-run farms, but due to increasing demand on the market, as people are now buying land for making organic greenhouse. The greenhouse construction cost is approximately Rs. 700 to Rs. 1000 per square meter. The cost mainly depends on some factors like the quality of the material, size, shape, transport, and structure.

Greenhouse farming.
Greenhouse farming.

8. Beekeeping – Due to increasing awareness for health, the demand for honey is increasing day by day. Because of this reason, beekeeping has become a great business opportunity. This business requires day-to-day monitoring of the bees with close supervision.

9. Fish farming – This is the best high-profit farming with a low investment business in India. Fish farming is raising fish in ponds or tanks to produce food. Fish farming has already recognized as a profitable business venture all over the world. Fish farming business can be done at any time of the year. It needs moderate capital investment and modern techniques. Interestingly, you can simply raise the fishes in tanks until they are ready for marketing or selling and they do not require the wide capture of wild fish. Fish farming also helps to preserve natural ecosystems. An acre of pond yields around 3000 kilograms of Tilapia variety. The total cost of Tilapia fish farming in an acre of the pond comes to Rs 1. 80 lakh while the farmed fish is sold for Rs 3 lakh. The farmer makes a profit of Rs 1.20 lakh per acre.

10. Snail farming – Snail farming is the process of raising land snails for human consumption and it contains a high rate of protein, low fat, iron, and almost all the amino acids required for the human body. Keeping their nutrient value in mind at the time of starting, they are in high demand.

11. Fruit farming –The fruit production process is quite simple and can be initiated with low investment. This business has a huge market opportunity. Taste, hygiene, and quality of fruit have to be kept in mind before starting this business. Fruits are constant commodities in the food market. So, growing fruit trees can be a good source of income for every farmer and new entrepreneurs desiring to tap the potential of the fruit growing industry. The most profitable fruits grow in India are Mango, Banana, Apple, Grapes, Papaya, Guava, and Orange.

12. Groundnut processing – If you can procure good quality raw material for this business, you can initiate it with moderate capital. Nowadays processed groundnuts have very good market potential all over the world.

13. Quail farming – Quail farming is the raising quails for profitable meat and eggs. At worldwide, quail farming is gaining importance as it fulfills daily family nutrition demand.

14. Cultivation of medicinal herbs – The cultivation of herbs and medicinal plants is also another profitable agriculture business. If you have proper knowledge of medicinal plants and you have sufficient land, then you can earn good profits from its cultivation. Simultaneously, the government also providing subsidies for cultivating medicinal plants.

15. Tea plantation – Due to the increasing demand for tea leaves, tea planting business has vast potential in the market. Tea plants naturally required heavy rainfall and acidic soil, even though they can be grown anywhere from sea level to high altitudes. Therefore, if your demographic situation is fit for growing tea, you should go to this business. This is one of the good agriculture business ideas but it needs high capital at the starting stage.

16. Backyard plant nursery – A home-based nursery plant is a profitable business to start from your backyard. Backyard plant nursery business is just perfect for those who have a hobby of gardening.

17. Cactus arrangement – Cactus has been widely used as a decor item, either outdoor or indoor. Several cactus plants can live happily in the same container. Therefore, with a touch of creativity, you can make beautiful cactus arrangements. It is a self-rewarding and very profitable business.

18. Sunflower farming – Growing sunflowers for oilseed requires a small investment to start farming. Sunflower is also known as a commercial cash crop. It is a more profitable crop in oilseed production and it takes a short duration of 80 to 115 days to grow. It’s also best suitable to grow in rainfed conditions and can perform in diverse Agro- soil and climatic conditions. Approximately farmer can get a yield of 8- 9 quintals from one acre of Sunflower field. This is the best high-profit farming with low investment business.

19. Jatropha farming – For producing biodiesel, jatropha is used as a raw material. Jatropha is one of the most trending small agriculture business ideas now, as very few people know about it. By gaining some knowledge and doing some research, you can simply start with this business.

20. Corn farming – Maize or corn has emerged as one of the most versatile crops that can be grown under varied climatic conditions.  Maize is known as the Queen of cereals as it has the maximum genetic potential amongst the family. By implementing good quality seeds and modern technology, one can attain a bumper crop. The duration of the crop is 110 days on average. Yield 10 to 20 quintals per acre. With hybrids, we can get a yield of up to 40 quintals per acre.


21. Goat farming – Goat is one of the main meat-producing animals used worldwide. Because of this reason, goat rearing has been flourishing as an economic industry with good prospects.

22. Fodder farming – The term fodder is mainly used for the food given to domestic animals for feeding and not the food they graze by themselves. There are plants grown mainly for this purpose like oats, alfalfa, barley, etc. Fodder is used to feed animals like goats, pigs, cows, horses, etc. and always in great demand.

23. Rose farming – Rose farming is a growing rose flower with high commercial value.  It is used in bouquets and flower arrangements on a large scale. If you are much interested in gardening, you can turn it into the most profitable business. Rose farming can be initiated on a small piece of land. Hence the profit is Rs. 70,000 per 1 acre. The income of rose farming depends on soil type, climate, variety, yield, market demand, and planting method.

24. Rabbit farming – Nowadays rearing of rabbits has been started on a commercial level. Angora rabbits are mostly raised for their wool and well known for quality. These are the finest producers of wool on a per kg body weight basis.

25. Dairy farming – Demand for milk products and milk can never go down. Commercial dairy farming is one of the profitable agriculture-based business ideas. In addition to milk, it produces manure in huge quantities. Quality and hygiene should be always kept in mind while doing this business. To start dairy farming, you need sufficient capital investment and some guidance from dairy experts. But if you are done with full passion, it gives very good business.

26. Spice processing – Organic spices are in high demand in the international market as well as Local. The packaging and processing methods are not very complex and can be initiated with moderate capital.

27. Soya beans farming – Soya bean is required to produce soya flour, soya sauce, soya milk, soya bean oil, etc. If you have vacant land, soya bean farming can be initiated to convert it into a profitable business. The average yield we can get from a one-acre soybean field is around 10 – 14 quintals.

28. Vegetable farming – If you have sufficient manpower and land, you can start with vegetable farming. Vegetables produced with good quality fertilizers and seeds give maximum yield, good returns. If you are looking for small farm income ideas, you can shortlist this business idea.

You should not miss this: Organic Saffron Farming.

High-Profit Vegetable Crops Farming with a Low Investement in India are;

Cucumbers – Cucumber farming can be profitable and high yield if done in the right way. In an acre area, around 12000 cucumber plants are planted (3 plants per square meter) and each plant yields an average of 5 to 7 kg per cycle. This will yield about 8,400 to 10,500 plants per acre.

Beans – The beans belong to the family Leguminosae and considered high yield vegetables. Beans are growing in soil with normal fertility. The average yield is 100 to 120 quintals of green pods per hectare can be expected.

Tomatoes – Tomato cultivation is one of the most profitable agriculture businesses. Cultivating tomato is an excellent option for those looking to harvest a commercially important crop 4 times a year. The average tomato crop yield per acre in India is about 10 tonnes although the yield varies from 15 to 20 tonnes per acre in the case of irrigated crops.

Peanuts – Peanut is widely grown in the tropics and subtropics, important to both small and large commercial growers. It is an annual herbaceous plant that may reach up to 50 cm in height. Grown mainly through age-old farming techniques, peanut yield in India is about 700–900 kg per hectares.

Beetroot – The beetroot crop yields about 20–25 t/ha in 120 days.

Radishes – It yields about 200 to 250 quintals fresh radish per hectare.

Potatoes – Potato is an important food crop in the world. Potato is a temperate crop developed under subtropical conditions in India. The varieties should create the best use of the agro-climatic conditions and give a high yield. During the first year of cultivating potatoes, a good yield can be 10 tons per acre. Experienced farmers after years of practice can achieve yields from 16 to 28 tons per acre.

Peppers – The yield per acre of pepper is 0.39 tonnes per hectare. This indicates a plant population of 10,250 plants per acre, thus the average yield per plant is about 3.6 pounds.

Lettuce – The average yield of lettuce is 80 to 120 quintals per hectare.

Squash – Squash is a high yield and warm-season crop. It is an herbaceous annual vine and its fruits come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors. The Squash crop belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae. In general, each squash plant produces 5 to 25 pounds of yellow squash during the growing season. A 10-foot row of yellow squash averages 20–80 pounds of squash.



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