Horticulture Training Center in India:
Today, we will be discussing the Horticulture Training Center/Institutes in India.
Horticulture is one of the best industries and Horticulture science of plant cultivation includes preparing the soil for the planting of seeds, tubers, or cuttings. All the varieties of fruits, berries, nuts, vegetables, flowers, trees, shrubs, and turf are grown. Horticulturists will implement a systematic approach to improve crop yield, quality, nutritional value, and resistance to insects, diseases, and environmental stresses (Ghosh, 1999). Horticulture primarily differs from agriculture in two ways. At the early stages, a smaller scale of cultivation is done, using small plots of mixed crops instead of large fields of single crops. Horticulture cultivations generally include a wide variety of crops, even including fruit trees with ground crops. In Central America, horticulture involved augmentation of the forest with useful trees such as papaya, avocado, cacao, and sapodilla. In the cornfields, multiple crops were grown such as beans (using cornstalks as supports), squash, pumpkins and chili peppers, in some cultures tended mainly or exclusively by women.
Development Of Horticulture
Horticulture is playing a key in economic development in many of the states in the country and it contributes 30 to 40 percent to GDP of agriculture, which calls for technology-led development, where the Horticulture of Indian Council for Agricultural Research Department is playing the main role. Effective management, enhancement, evaluation and valuation of genetic resources and development of improved cultivation, with high-quality characteristics, productivity, resistance to pest and disease and tolerant to abiotic stresses have been developed. The Government is taking necessary steps to increase the value of production by reducing variability in yield, quality, reducing crop loss and increasing marketability through the development and site-specific technologies for different horticultural crops. Horticulture is improving its system of cultivation by productive use of nutrients, water and reducing the impact of pest and disease using innovative diagnostic techniques.
Importance And Scope Of Horticulture In India
India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables, more than 100 million tonnes of fruits and 151 million tonnes of vegetables are produced. Considering the current level of population, the annual requirement of fruits and vegetables will be around approximately 600 million tonnes and 800 million tonnes respectively. And in India has approximately 14 million hectares of the cultivable wasteland as, which is lying idle, which should be brought under cultivation of orchid crops without curtailing the area under food crops. In India, we have sunlight throughout the year, good labor resources and suitable agro-climatic conditions, which makes us the high potential for successful and profitable commercial horticulture. The major horticultural crops grown are mango, banana, citrus, apple, pineapple and in case of vegetables are potato, onion, tomato, and other seasonal vegetables. India is the largest producer of mango, banana, coconut, cashew, papaya, pomegranate, etc., in the world and the largest producer and exporter of spices. SO, keeping the focus on the horticulture has paid dividend and resulted in increased production and export. The production of horticultural produce has increased 7-fold which ensured nutritional security and employment opportunities in the country.
Read: Types of Land Preparation.
Growth Rate of Horticultural Crops In India
Trends in growth rate in the value of output from vegetables and fruits has witnessed a significant slowdown in a large number of states during the 2000s, while very few states namely, Gujarat, Punjab and some North-eastern states saw some acceleration in growth rates. Jharkhand registered the highest growth (23.8%) in value of output from vegetables and fruits during the 2000s, followed by Gujarat (19.6%), Chhattisgarh (15.2%), Himachal Pradesh (14.2%), Andhra Pradesh (13.1%), Punjab (12.5%), Kerala (10.2%) and Orissa (10.2%). Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Tamil Nadu, and Maharashtra also had more than the national growth rate (6%) in the production of fruits and vegetables. Assam, Bihar, Karnataka and some North-eastern states had negative growth in value of output from fruits and vegetables (Government of India, 2012b).
It is noted that the growth in the output value of fruits and vegetables which comprise the horticultural crops has gone up at the All-India level and hence, the overall growth rate for the three decades stands at a very healthy level. However, the growth rate of the value of the output of the horticultural crops has declined in some states, while it has gone up in some other, though at the All-India level, it has gone up in the 1990s. But, during the 2000s, most of the major states there is a sharp decline in the growth rates, which has pulled down the national growth rate to a level of 6 percent. Hence, even though the growth rate has come down in most of the states, the sector has posted a healthy rate of 6 percent and attaining a growth rate of over 11 percent for a thirty-year period is quite stunning.
Horticulture Training Institutes:
Institute of Horticulture Technology:
Institute of Horticulture Technology located at Greater Noida NCR is the top horticultural training institute started in the year 2009 under the aegis of Akhil Bhartiya Grameen Vikas Sanstha with a mission to disseminate Hi-Tech Horticulture knowledge and skills to various stakeholders such as farmers, extension officials, entrepreneurs, women, and youth in rural as well as Urban-Peri Urban areas. Dr. K.L. Chadha, Padamshree awardee and a renowned horticulture scientist of national and international repute chairs the elite advisory committee of eminent horticulturists and experts that guides the institutes functioning. Institute of Horticulture Technology is one of the best national institutes that has been impaneled by the Government of India and recognized by some agricultural universities for capacity building and providing hands-on training in Hi-Tech Horticulture.
Institute of Horticulture and Technology is offering short-term courses in horticulture. The courses offered are Tissue Culture of Horticultural Plants, Micro Irrigation and Fertigation, Hardening of Ex. Vitro Horticultural Plants, Soil Health Management, Mechanization in Horticulture, Post Harvest Management of Fruits and Vegetables, Horticulture Supervisors Training Course, Commercial Fruit Production, Commercial Vegetable Production, and Commercial Floriculture.
- Institute of Horticulture Technology
- D-1, Krishna Apra Building, 3rd Floor
- Alpha Commercial Belt, Alpha-1,
- Greater Noida – 201308
- Delhi NCR region, India
- Telephone: 011- 46604988; Phone: 8130997511
- website: www.iht.edu.in
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
NIPHT-Horticulture Training Center:
HTC provides training on latest technologies implemented in protected cultivation of flowers and vegetable. Training of protected cultivation under Polyhouse and Shed net house is imparted by following the principle of ‘Learning by Doing’ wherein trainees apply advanced techniques and handle latest machinery and equipment Wide exposer through field visit and excursion is provided to the trainees.
HTC offers Courses on Horticulture Production. It is offering 5-day training programs in Plant Propagation, Greenhouse Management, Polyhouse Management, Flower Crop Production, Vegetable crop production, Landscape Management, Tissue Culture, Post-Harvest, and Post-Harvest Training.
- N. 398-400, Next to CRPF Campus, Pune-Mumbai Highway,
- Talegaon Dabhade, Tal. Maval, Dist. Pune – 410 506. (M.S.) India
- Phone: +91 9422030775, +91 9422052520.
International Horticulture Innovation and Training Center:
IHITC is the best place that offers spectrum of short term training courses that are practical and innovative in nature and upgrading the skills of personnel’s in the areas related to commercial horticulture, value addition or processing for the promotion of agricultural entrepreneurship and for demonstrating advanced horticultural technology for commercial horticulture crops and to promote entrepreneurship in horticulture in relation to retail marketing.
The center has a mandate of encouraging the development of corporate farming or tie-ups, horticultural chain developments and facilitating exports of produce with the growers. This shall enable providing overall insight in technical and economic aspects of growing tropical and subtropical horticulture crops.
Training Programs offered at IHITC
- Greenhouse Management
- Hi-Tech Nursery Management
- Exotic Vegetable / Vegetable Cultivation
- Irrigation and Fertigation Management
- Integrated Nutrient Management
- Integrated Pest Management
- Post-harvest management,
- Supply Chain Management of Horticultural Crops
- Organic Farming
- Solar Water Pump
- Ornamental Plants
- Mushroom Cultivation Practices.
- Cultivation and Management of commercial Horticultural Crops (Pomegranate, Mango, Date-Palm, and Grapes) etc.
- International Horticulture Innovation and Training Centre Durgapura Horticulture Farm,
- Tonk Road, Durgapura, Jaipur – 302018 (Rajasthan)
- Telephone : +91 141 2763873, +91 141 2763973
- Email ID: email@example.com.
Dr. Y.S.R Horticultural University
The Government of Andhra Pradesh through G.O.Ms.No.134 dated 26-06-2007 established the Horticulture University at Venkataramannagudem, near Tadepalligudem in West Godavari District. This Horticultural University is the second largest horticulture university in the country. Andhra Pradesh highly deserves this horticulture university, as the state being the leader in the production of mango, oil palm, chilies, turmeric, sweet orange, papaya and the largest producer of fruits and spices to increase the productivity, and commercialization of Horticulture in the State.
Dr. Y.S.R Horticultural University Offers Courses in all streams of Horticulture.
- Y.S.R. Horticultural University,
- Post Box # 7, Venkataramannagudem – 534 101
- West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh.
Institute of Horticulture Technology:
Institute of Horticulture Technology is offering short-term courses on Hi-tech horticulture technologies for farmers and participants. The in house and visiting faculty of IHT along with experts from France, Israel, Japan, Netherlands, and Thailand will provide ‘Hands on Training’ type practical workshop to participants in Hi-tech horticulture technologies.
- Polyhouse and Greenhouse Management.
- Operation of fertigation systems
- Hydroponics unit using the Nutrient Film Technique
- Plug nursery production, Vegetable grafting, and Micro-propagation
- Demonstration of flower arrangement by International experts
- Demonstration of canopy management in guava and drumstick plantations
- Micro irrigation systems, mulches, and tunnels
- Formulations, spray equipment, monitoring, and pest management
- Demonstration of composting requirements and process
- Demonstration of innovative urban gardening systems
- Institute of Horticulture Technology,
- Horticulture Technology Park, G-1, Alpha-1, Greater Noida, U. P- 201308.
That’s all folks about Horticulture Training Center Information.