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How to Start Pig Farming in Israel: Breeds, Business Plan, Key Rules, Setup Cost, and Profit

Israel is rapidly becoming a leader in the pig farming industry. Despite its small size, the country has made remarkable strides in expanding its hog production sector, becoming one of the largest pork producers in the Middle East. Israel has over 200 commercial pig farms producing over 80,000 per year. The majority of these pigs are exported live to other countries in the Middle East and Africa. As pig farming in Israel continues to grow and become more popular, it is important to recognize the value of this agricultural industry.

How to Start Pig Farming in Israel
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How to start pig farming in Israel

Pig farming importance in Israel

  • Pig farming is an important industry in Israel for several reasons. Firstly, pigs are a major source of food for the country. Second, pig farming provides jobs for many Israelis. Third, pig farming contributes to the economy of Israel. Finally, pig farming helps to keep the environment clean.
  • Pigs are a major source of food for the country. With a population of over 8 million, Israel has many mouths to feed. In addition, pigs are a popular meat source in Israel, providing an important protein source for the country.
  • Pig farming also provides jobs for many Israelis. Pig farmers need workers to help care for the pigs and slaughter them when they are ready for market. Again, this provides employment opportunities for many people in Israel.
  • Pig farming also contributes to the economy of Israel. The sale of pork products generates revenue for the country. This money can be used to fund other industries or government programs. Additionally, pig farmers often buy supplies from other Israeli businesses, which helps support those businesses and keep them thriving.

Small-scale pig farming in Israel

Pig farming in Israel is a relatively new industry. However, since then, the industry has grown steadily, with small-scale farmers playing a significant role. There are around 100 pig farms in Israel, with most small-scale operations with 10-20 pigs. Most of these farms are located near the Lebanese border in the northern part of the country.

Pig farming in Israel is still a young industry but has great potential. The climate is ideal for raising pigs, and the market for pork products is growing rapidly. Small-scale farmers are well-positioned to take advantage of this opportunity and increase their production in the coming years.

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Pig Feeding Arrangement
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Pig breeds available in Israel

The most popular breed of pig in Israel is the Landrace. These pigs are large and white, with long bodies and floppy ears. Other popular breeds include the Yorkshire, Duroc, and Hampshire. These breeds are all similar in size and appearance to the Landrace but have different coloration.

For example, Yorkshires are black and white, Durocs are red with droopy ears, and Hampshires are black with a white stripe down their backs. Pig farmers in Israel also have access to rarer breeds, such as the Tamworth and Berkeley White. These pigs are less common in other parts of the world but can be found on some farms in Israel.

Pig farming areas in Israel

There are many pig farming areas in Israel. The most popular ones are Galilee, the Golan Heights, and the Negev. These areas have the ideal climate for raising pigs. They are also close to major markets, making selling pork products easy. The most notable and well-known is the Golan Heights, producing pigs for over 30 years. Other states with pig farms include the Galilee, the Negev, and the Judean Hills.

Pig farmers in Israel have to follow strict regulations. They must have a license from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. The pigs must be vaccinated and inspected regularly. The government provides financial assistance to pig farmers. This includes subsidies for feed and veterinary care. There are also loans available for farmers who want to expand their operations.

Is pig farming profitable in Israel?

Pig farming can be profitable in Israel as long as the farmer can produce a high-quality product. The market for pork in Israel is quite strong, and there is a consistent demand for meat. However, there are some challenges that pig farmers need to be aware of.

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Black Pig
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Key rules to start pig farming in Israel

  1. Obtain a license from the Israeli Ministry of Agriculture. Firstly, you’ll need to obtain a license from the Israeli Ministry of Agriculture. Next, you’ll need to purchase land and build appropriate housing for your pigs. The application process for a pig farming license is relatively simple. Firstly, you’ll need to fill out an application form and submit it to the ministry, along with any required supporting documents.
  2. Purchase some land and build appropriate housing for your pigs.
  3. The first thing to consider when starting a pig farm is the location. The farm should be situated in an area with good access to markets, water, and other necessary resources.
  4. The next thing to consider is the infrastructure. The farm will need facilities for housing, feeding, and waste management.
  5. Proper management is essential for a successful pig farm. The farmers need to know pigs and their husbandry and experience running a farm business.
  6. Build enclosures that meet government specifications. Pigs must be kept in enclosures that meet certain sizes and construction specifications set by the Ministry of Agriculture. These requirements are designed to ensure the health and welfare of the pigs.
  7. Know where you can raise and sell pigs. There are restrictions on where pigs can be raised and sold in Israel. For example, pigs cannot be sold at public markets or slaughterhouses. They can only be sold to private buyers through licensed dealers or farmers.
  8. Financing is another important consideration when starting a pig farm. The farmers will need access to capital for land, buildings, and equipment investments.

Pig farming loans and subsidies in Israel

In Israel, the government offers loans and subsidies for pig farmers. This is to encourage the industry’s growth and help farmers get started. The government also provides training and support for farmers.

Necessary facilities to start pig farming in Israel

  • Firstly, you’ll need a place to house your pigs. This can be a barn, shed, or other big enough to comfortably hold all of your pigs. You’ll also need to fence in an area where the pigs can roam and explore. This should be large enough for them to move around freely and get plenty of exercises.
  • Next, you’ll need to provide food and water for your pigs. They will need a steady supply of fresh water and food that meets their nutritional needs. You can either grow your food for them or purchase it from a supplier.
  • Finally, you’ll need to have some basic knowledge of pig care. This includes knowing how to properly feed and water them, as well as how to provide basic medical care if needed. Thankfully, many resources are available online and in books that can help you learn everything you need about caring for pigs.

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Pig Farm
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Pig farming set up cost in Israel

The average cost of setting up a pig farm in Israel is around $500,000. This includes the cost of purchasing land, constructing buildings, and buying animals. Setting up a small-scale pig farm is much cheaper, around $50,000. Pig farming is a popular business in Israel due to the country’s high demand for pork products. Commercial farms produce pigs for slaughter, and smaller farms raise pigs for personal consumption.

Tips to consider before starting pig farming in Israel

Israel has a temperate climate, with hot summers and cool winters. This means that pigs must be able to withstand both extremes of temperature. In addition, the terrain of Israel is hilly and rocky, so pigs will need to be able to navigate this type of terrain. Water availability is an important consideration. Pigs will need access to clean water for drinking and bathing. Finally, it is important to research the local market for pork products.

Pig production methods in Israel

  1. Intensive production involves high stocking densities, large quantities of feed, and strict biosecurity measures. This method is typically used for pork production.
  2. Extensive production is more common in the beef industry and involves lower stocking densities and less feed. Pigs raised using this method have more access to pasture and are typically allowed to forage.

Steps to start a pig farming business plan in Israel

  1. Understand the market – There is strong demand for pork in Israel, especially among religious consumers who do not eat pork for religious reasons. This means that there is potential for profit in pig farming.
  2. Learn about the regulations – The Israeli government has strict regulations regarding animal husbandry, so it’s important to be familiar with them before starting your business.
  3. Choose a location – pigs require a lot of space, so you’ll need to choose a location with enough land to accommodate them.
  4. Build housing and pens – Pigs must be housed in clean, dry conditions. So you’ll need to build housing and pens that meet these requirements.
  5. Buy pigs – Once you have your housing and pens set up, you can purchase pigs from a breeder or farm store.
  6. Feed and care for your pigs – Pigs must be fed a nutritious diet and given proper care to stay healthy and produce high-quality meat.
  7. Sell your products – There are several ways to sell pork in Israel, including direct sales to consumers, through retailers, or online.

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Pig Farming
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Pig farm problems in Israel

In addition, Israel is working on breeding pigs resistant to African swine fever (ASF), a devastating disease that has killed millions of pigs around the world. If successful, this would make Israel’s pork industry even more competitive globally. Pigs are susceptible to various health problems, so farmers must be aware of these conditions’ signs and symptoms. Some common problems include respiratory infections, gastrointestinal disorders, and reproductive issues.

By being vigilant about these potential problems, farmers can quickly address any issues and keep their pigs healthy and happy. Overall, the future of pig farming in Israel looks very promising. The country has a strong foundation in pork production, and its farmers are constantly innovating to improve efficiency and quality. This positions Israel well to meet the growing global demand for pork in the years ahead.

How to start a pig farm in Israel?

If you’re thinking about starting a pig farm in Israel, there are a few things you need to know. First, you’ll need a permit from Agriculture Ministry and Rural Development. Next, you’ll need to find a suitable location for your farm. Once you’ve done that, you’ll need to purchase some pigs and build pens for them. Pig farming can be a very profitable business, but it’s important to research and ensure you’re prepared before getting started. With the right planning and execution, starting a pig farm in Israel can be a great way to earn a living while helping to provide food for the country.

Pig farming challenges in Israel

Pig farming in Israel is a relatively new industry, and as such, farmers face several challenges. The biggest challenge is the lack of reliable data on pig production in Israel. This data is essential for farmers to plan and forecast their production, but it is often inaccurate or out-of-date.

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Pig Breeding
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Another challenge that pig farmers in Israel face is the high feed cost. It is a small country with limited land resources, so corn and soybeans must be imported from abroad. This drives up the feed cost, making it difficult for farmers to compete with larger producers in other countries. In addition, pig farms in Israel are often located in remote areas, making transporting pigs and pork products difficult and expensive. This isolation also makes it difficult for pig farmers to access information and resources that can help them improve their operations.


Pig farming has a long history in Israel, dating back to the country’s early days. Early pig farmers in Israel were drawn to the animal for its hardiness and ability to thrive in harsh conditions. Today, pig farming is still an important part of Israeli agriculture. Raising pigs can be a rewarding experience, and it can also be a great method to make some extra money.


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