How to Start Poultry Farming in Nagaland: Business Plan, Setup Cost, Profit, and Requirements

Poultry farming is rearing domesticated birds, such as chickens, turkeys, ducks, etc., for farming meat or eggs. Poultry farming is an important economic activity in Nagaland. It employs thousands of people and contributes significantly to the state’s economy. In addition, poultry farms produce chicken, eggs, and other poultry products consumed by people in Nagaland and exported to other states and countries. Poultry farming also provides a source of income for small-scale farmers and helps to diversify the agricultural sector.

How to Start Poultry Farming in Nagaland

How to start Poultry farming in Nagaland

Is poultry farming profitable in Nagaland?

Poultry farming is a profitable business in Nagaland. There is a huge demand for these poultry products in Nagaland. The climate and topography of Nagaland are suitable for poultry farming. The state has a large number of small and medium-sized poultry farms. 

Steps to create a poultry business plan in Nagaland

Decide on the type of poultry farm: The main poultry types are chicken and egg farms. Chicken farms raise chickens for meat, while egg farms focus on producing eggs. Before proceeding further, you must decide which type of poultry farm you want to start.

Write a business plan: Once you have decided on the poultry farm type you want to start, the next step is to create a business plan. Your business plan should include all the costs of starting and running your poultry farm. It should also include your marketing strategy and projections for profitability. This will be your roadmap for starting and running your poultry business in Nagaland. Finally, it should include your goals, strategies, and financial projections. Be sure to research all aspects of the business before putting anything down on paper.

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Poultry Feeding System

Research the poultry industry: This step is crucial to determine the viability of your poultry business in Nagaland. First, look into the current poultry market trends, competition, and profitability. It is important to clearly understand these factors before making any decisions about your business.

Access to finance: You will need to have access to capital to set up your poultry farm. Various sources of finance are available, such as banks, government schemes, and private investors.

Please choose a suitable location: The location of your poultry farm will play a big role in its success or failure. Consider factors such as land availability, climate, proximity to markets, and infrastructure when choosing a site for your farm.

Build proper housing: Poultry needs to be housed in clean and well-ventilated shelters. In addition, the housing should be designed to protect the birds from extremes of weather and predators. 

Provide a balanced diet: A healthy diet is crucial for the growth and development of poultry. Therefore, feed them a balanced diet of grains, green fodder, and minerals.

Keep the farm clean: Maintaining cleanliness is important to prevent the spreading of diseases among poultry. Regularly clean and disinfect the housing and equipment.

Find suppliers: You will need to source suppliers for your chicken feed, equipment, and other requirements. You must find reliable suppliers who can provide quality products at competitive prices.

Vaccinate the birds: Vaccination is an effective way of preventing diseases in poultry. Keep your flock up-to-date with their vaccinations according to the schedule recommended by your veterinarian.

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Poultry Cage

Create a budget: Once you have determined the costs associated with setting up and running your poultry farm, it is time to create a budget. Make sure to factor in all expenses like housing, equipment, feed, labor, and marketing costs.

Obtain financing: If you need help paying for start-up costs or ongoing operating expenses, you will need to secure financing from investors or lenders. Prepare a well-written business plan and financial projections to increase your chances of obtaining funding.

Schemes and subsidies required to start poultry farming in Nagaland

The Department of Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Services (AH&VS) is encouraging poultry farming with a shorter gestation period of marketing age. It is also easily available & a popular menu in Naga cuisine. Poultry farming is an important part of the state’s agricultural economy, and there is a growing demand for chicken and egg products.

The climate in Nagaland is well-suited for raising poultry, and the state has many small-scale farmers who can provide the necessary labor. There are also several government initiatives in place to support the growth of the poultry industry in Nagaland. Various subsidy and loan schemes are also available to help farmers get started. Some important schemes are;

  • The Poultry Farming Development Scheme: This scheme provides financial assistance to poultry farmers for constructing new poultry houses, purchasing equipment, and installing water supply and electricity.
  • The Poultry Subsidy Scheme: Under this scheme, the government provides subsidies for purchasing day-old baby chickens, feed, and medicines.
  • The Animal Husbandry Department Scheme: This scheme provides financial assistance to poultry farmers for constructing new poultry houses, purchasing equipment, and installing water supply and electricity. It also covers the cost of training farmers in modern poultry husbandry practices.

The government also provides subsidies on poultry equipment and feed. For example, farmers can avail of up to 50% subsidy on purchasing equipment such as incubators, brooders, and cages. Similarly, they can get up to 50% subsidy on the cost of poultry feed.

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Poultry Breeds

Backyard poultry farming in Nagaland

Backyard poultry farming is a type of poultry farming where chickens are raised in small numbers in a backyard. Backyard poultry farming is very popular in Nagaland as it does not require much investment and can be done on a small scale. Therefore, backyard poultry farming in Nagaland is an increasingly popular endeavor.

Investing in the right equipment and following the necessary regulations can create a small-scale farm that provides delicious eggs or meat to your family and neighborhood. With careful planning and attention to detail, backyard poultry farming can be a rewarding venture for farmers looking for an extra source of income.

Requirements for poultry farming in Nagaland

The first step is to obtain the necessary licenses and permits from the Nagaland Department of Agriculture. Once you have obtained the necessary licenses and permits, you will need to purchase or lease land to build your poultry farm. The size of your farm will depend on the chickens you plan to raise and the type of housing you plan to use.

You will also need to construct appropriate housing for your birds and the necessary infrastructure, such as feeders, drinkers, etc. After running your poultry farm, you must purchase baby chickens from a hatchery or breeder. You will also need to provide adequate food and water and care for their health needs. Once your birds are fully grown, you can sell them for meat or eggs.

Poultry breeds available in Nagaland

  • Vanaraja and Srinidhi
  • Rhode Island Red 
  • New Hampshire
  • Sussex
  • Plymouth Rock

Poultry farming areas in Nagaland

Nagaland is home to many poultry farms, providing an important income source for many families. Poultry farming in Nagaland is a relatively new industry, but it has already significantly contributed to the state’s economy. Nagaland’s main poultry farming areas are Dimapur, Kiphire, and Phek. These three districts account for over 80% of the state’s poultry farms.

Key rules on raising poultry in Nagaland

Land: You will need land for your poultry farm. The land size will depend on the number of birds you plan to keep. You should have at least 1 acre (0.4 hectares) of land per 100 birds.

Water: Poultry farms need a reliable source of water for the birds to drink and for cleaning purposes. A well or borehole is the best option, but you can also use a pond or river if necessary.

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Poultry Farming

Feed: Chickens need a balanced diet to stay healthy and lay eggs regularly. Commercial chicken feed is the easiest way to ensure your birds get all the necessary nutrients. You can also make your chicken feed using a mixture of grains, legumes, and greens.

Shelter: Chickens need shelter from the sun, wind, and rain. A simple shed with a roof and open sides are sufficient. The shed should be big enough to comfortably house your birds with room to spare.

Keep your flock healthy: Poultry diseases can cause serious losses for farmers. Therefore, it is important to prevent diseases from spreading in your flock. Vaccinate your birds regularly and maintain strict biosecurity measures on your farm.

Poultry farm setup cost in Nagaland

The setup cost for a poultry farm in Nagaland depends on several factors, including the size and location of the farm, the type of poultry you intend to raise, and the amount of infrastructure you need to get started. However, the total cost of setting up a small-scale poultry farm in Nagaland is estimated to be around Rs. 10 lakhs.

Poultry farming business profit in Nagaland

The profits from poultry farming depend on various factors like the size and scale of operation, type of birds raised, feed costs, etc. But, generally, a small-scale poultry farmer can expect to earn around Rs. 1 lakh per month from their farm.

The different types of poultry farms in Nagaland

  1. Battery cage system – It is used to produce eggs. This system typically houses hens in small cages where they cannot move around much, lay their eggs in a communal nest, and are fed a diet of pellets and water.
  2. Free-range poultry system – It allows chickens to roam freely in an enclosed area. These farms typically have more space per chicken than battery cage operations, and the chickens are usually fed a diet of insects and greens in addition to pellets and water. Free-range poultry farms can be used to produce eggs or meat.
  3. Organic poultry farm – These farms use only organic methods to raise their birds, meaning that no synthetic chemicals or hormones are used. Organic poultry farms can be used to produce either eggs or meat.

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Baby Chickens

Poultry farm problems in Nagaland

  1. Lack of good quality chicken feed: There is a lack of good quality chicken feed in Nagaland. This results in poor productivity and health of the birds.
  2. High cost of chicken feed: The cost of chicken feed is relatively high in Nagaland compared to other states. This increases the overall production cost and affects the profit margin.
  3. Disease outbreaks: Poultry farms in Nagaland are often affected by disease outbreaks due to the unhygienic conditions prevailing in the state. This leads to massive losses for the farmers.
  4. Poor infrastructure: The infrastructure facilities for poultry farming are not up to the mark in Nagaland. This includes a lack of proper housing, ventilation, and lighting facilities, which adversely impacts the productivity of the birds.

What equipment is needed for poultry farming

Assuming you want to start a poultry farm in Nagaland, the specific equipment you will need will vary depending on the poultry you plan to raise. For example, if you plan to raise chickens, you will need chicken coops, feeders, and waterers. On the other hand, you will need duck houses, feeders, and waterers to raise ducks. You will also need equipment for handling the manure produced by your poultry, such as a manure spreader or compost bin.

Poultry farming challenges in Nagaland

  1. The market for chicken meat is highly competitive, and farmers need to produce large quantities of chicken meat to make a profit.
  2. Poultry farms in Nagaland are often located in remote areas, making it difficult to transport chickens to the market.
  3. The climate in Nagaland is suitable for poultry farming, but the topography makes it difficult to construct efficient housing and farm infrastructure.
  4. Poultry feed is expensive, and farmers need to manage their costs to make a profit carefully.
  5. There is a risk of diseases such as avian influenza and Newcastle disease, which can decimate a flock of chickens and cause significant financial losses for farmers.

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Poultry Breeding

Marketing strategies for poultry farming

The market for poultry products in Nagaland is growing steadily. There is strong demand for chicken meat and eggs, as well as for duck and quail eggs. Poultry farmers who can supply a consistent quality product at a competitive price can sell their products successfully in the market.


Poultry farming in Nagaland is a great business idea because the state is home to many chicken and egg consumers. Moreover, the cost of starting and maintaining a poultry farm in Nagaland is relatively low compared to other states in India. As a result, poultry farming is an incredibly lucrative industry and can be incredibly rewarding. 


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