How to Start Dairy Farming in Haryana: Business Plan, Breeds, Set-up Cost, and Requirements

Dairy farming is raising cows, goats, or sheep to produce milk for human consumption. Dairy farming is an important agricultural sector, contributing to the state’s economy and providing livelihoods for farmers and their families. The government provides loans and subsidies to encourage and support dairy farming in the state.

How to Start Dairy Farming in Haryana

How to Start Dairy Farming in Haryana

Requirements For Starting a Dairy Farming in Haryana

1. Land: You will need land to build your farm and rear your cows. The land required will depend on the number of cows you wish to keep. The first step is to choose a suitable location for your farm. The land should be level and well-drained, with access to water and grazing land.

2. Cows: You must purchase some cows from which to get milk. There are many different breeds of cow available.

3. Fodder: Cows need a high-quality diet to produce milk efficiently. Good quality fodder can be grown on your farm or purchased from local farmers or suppliers.

4. Water: Cows require a lot of water so you will need a reliable source of clean water on your farm. This could be from a well, borehole, or river/stream. A shortage of water for drinking and irrigation purposes affects dairy farming adversely.

5. Milk processing equipment: To turn raw milk into saleable products such as butter, cheese, and yogurt, you will need some basic processing equipment. This could include a milk churn, butter churn, or cheese press.

6. Climate: The tropical climate is not conducive to dairy farming. The hot and humid summers make it difficult to keep the cows comfortable, and they often suffer from heat stress. The mild winters are also a problem as the cows need access to green fodder all year round to stay healthy.

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Dairy Farming

7. Infrastructure: Lack of infrastructure, such as roads, electricity, storage facilities, etc., makes it difficult to carry out dairy farming activities efficiently.

The Different Types of Dairy Farming Systems in Haryana

1. Small-Scale Dairy Farming: In this type of dairy farming, the farmers usually keep 1-5 cows or buffaloes. Traditional methods manage the animals, and very little or no mechanization is used. Feeding is also mostly based on crop residues and green fodder.

2. Medium-Scale Dairy Farming: In these farms, 5-10 cows or buffaloes are raised by the farmers using improved management practices like better housing, feeding, and health care facilities as compared to small-scale dairy farms. The use of machinery is also more prevalent in these types of farms.

3. Large-Scale Dairy Farming: These dairy farms have over 10 cows or buffaloes and follow modern management practices. Machines are used for most farm operations like milking, feeding, cleaning, etc. Large-scale dairy farms also have well-equipped laboratories for quality control of milk and milk products produced on the farm.

Dairy Breeds Available in Haryana

Hariana cattleHallikar
Murrah buffaloNagpuri
Sahiwal cattleRathi cattle
Tharparkar cattleMewati cattle
Holstein Friesian cattleGangatiri

Tips to Start a Profitable Dairy Farming Business in Haryana

  • Dairy farming can be a profitable business if managed properly. A well-run dairy farm can provide farmers and their families with a good income. Dairy cows are the most common type of livestock on dairy farms. They are selected for their ability to produce large quantities of milk.
  • Dairy farming loans are available from banks and other financial institutions to help farmers purchase cows and other necessary equipment. The interest rate on these loans is subsidized by the government, making them more affordable for farmers.
  • The government also provides subsidies for dairy farmers to help cover feed costs, vaccinations, and other inputs. These subsidies can significantly affect the profitability of dairy farming operations.
  • There are some important things that you need to take into consideration. This includes having a business plan, determining the breed of cattle you would like to raise, set-up cost, profit potential, and requirements for housing and care.

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Dairy Farm Feeding Setup
  • When it comes to having a business plan, it is essential no matter what type of business you want to start. This document will help you map out your goals and what you want to do to achieve them. It will also give you an idea of the start-up costs associated with dairy farming to determine if this is the right business for you.
  • Once you have decided on the breed of cattle, you would like to raise; the next step is to determine the set-up cost for your operation. This will include the cost of housing, feeding, bedding, and other necessary supplies. You will also need to factor in the cost of hiring staff if you do not plan to do all the work yourself.

Dairy Production Methods in Haryana

Dairy farmers use a variety of methods to raise their animals. Some farmers use traditional methods, while others use more modern techniques.

  1. In the zero-grazing system, cows are kept in an open field and are allowed to graze on natural grasses. This type of production system is less labor intensive and requires less investment.
  2. Traditional dairy farms often pasture their animals, meaning the cows graze on grass in fields during the day and are brought into barns or stables at night.
  3. Modern dairy farms typically keep their cows in stalls inside large buildings called free-stall barns. The cows are fed a diet of hay and grain and given access to water at all times.

Steps to Create Dairy Farming Business Plan in Haryana

1. You need to research the market and identify the target audience for your products. It would help if you also determined the set-up and operating costs involved in running a dairy farm. 

2. Once you have created a business plan, the next step is to select the right breed of the dairy cow for your farm. Several breeds of dairy cows are available. Do some research and choose a breed that is suitable for your climate and environment.

3. Before starting any business, it is important to conduct market research and understand the demand-supply scenario of the industry. In the case of dairy farming, you need to find out whether there is a demand for milk and other dairy products in the areas where you intend to set up your farm. You can talk to local grocery stores, restaurants, and households to understand the potential demand for milk and other dairy products.

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Dairy Cows Feeding

4. The next step is to choose a suitable location for setting up your dairy farm. The location should have enough land to house the animals and construct other farm buildings.

5. Then, find suitable land for setting up your dairy farm. The land should have good water and grazing facilities. It should also be located close to markets where you can sell your milk products.

6. After finding suitable land, the next step is to set up the infrastructure on the farm, such as pens, barns, milking parlors, etc.

Care and Management of Dairy Farm in Haryana

Dairy care and management require a great deal of planning and effort. There are different factors to consider when starting a dairy farm, such as the type of cattle, the breeds of cattle, the size of the farm, the climate, and the location. When choosing the type of cattle for your dairy farm, selecting a breed well-suited for Haryana’s climate and environment is important. 

The size of your dairy farm will also play a role in the care and management of your cattle. If you have a large farm, you must hire more workers to help with the daily tasks. However, if you have a small farm, you may be able to manage it yourself with the help of family or friends.

The climate in Haryana can be very hot and humid during the summer months. Providing your cattle with shade and water is important to keep them cool and hydrated. During the winter months, keeping your cattle warm and dry is important. You can do this by providing them with straw bedding and using heat lamps in their enclosures. It is important to have a relationship with your local veterinarian.

Is Dairy Farming Profitable in Haryana

Yes, dairy farming can be quite profitable in Haryana if done right. The state has a large cattle population and a growing demand for dairy products. To be successful, however, you need to have a good business plan, choose the right breed of cattle, and set up your farm costs properly. Also, it is important to have a good marketing strategy to sell your products.

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Dairy Farm

Dairy Farming Loans and Subsidies in Haryana

In Haryana, the government offers several schemes and subsidies for those who want to start dairy farming. These schemes aim to assist small and marginal farmers and women entrepreneurs financially. Some of the main schemes available for dairy farmers in Haryana are:

  • The Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme: This scheme is for women entrepreneurs who want to own a dairy business. Under this scheme, the government provides financial assistance of up to Rs. 5 lakhs for setting up a dairy business. The scheme covers 50% of the total cost of setting up a dairy business, with a maximum limit of Rs. 5 lakhs.
  • The National Livestock Mission: This is a centrally-sponsored scheme that aims at improving the productivity of livestock through various interventions such as breeding, nutrition, health care, etc. The scheme also provides financial assistance for setting up new dairy farms and upgrading existing ones.

So, if you are planning to start dairy farming in Haryana, many options are available in terms of loans and subsidies from the government. Do your research and avail of these schemes to get started on your dairy farming

Dairy Farm Problems and Challenges in Haryana

The main challenge is the lack of good quality feed for the cows. This results in low milk production and affects the cows’ health. Another problem is the lack of proper infrastructure for dairy farms, making storing and transporting milk difficult. There are also issues with water availability, as most dairy farms are located in areas with scarce water resources.

Why Haryana is the Best State for Dairy Farming?

Haryana is the best state for dairy farming due to its ideal climate and topography. Dairy farming is an important source of livelihood for many farmers in Haryana. The state has a large number of buffaloes that are well-suited to the hot and humid climate. Haryana also has a good supply of fodder and water, making it an ideal place for dairy farming.

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Dairy Farm Management

Dairy farming plays a significant role in the economy of Haryana. It contributes to the state’s GDP and employs many people. Dairy products from Haryana are exported to other parts of India and other countries. The state government provides financial assistance to farmers for setting up dairy farms and offers subsidies on livestock feed and fodder.

The Set-Up Cost for Dairy Farming in Haryana

The set-up cost of dairy farming can vary depending on the farm size. For a small farm, the set-up cost may be around Rs. 1 lakh. For a medium-sized farm, the set-up cost may be around Rs. 10-15 lakhs. For a large farm, the set-up cost may be around Rs. 20-30 lakhs.

Key Rules for Starting Dairy Framing in Haryana

  • Start small and expand gradually – It’s important to start small as you gain experience and grow your operation.
  • Write a business plan – A well-developed business plan is essential for any successful business, and dairy farming is no exception. Your business plan outlines your goals, strategies, and financial projections.
  • Keep good records – Good record keeping is critical in any business, especially in agriculture, where production costs can be high. Accurate records will help you track your progress and make sound management decisions.
  • Manage your finances carefully – Money is the lifeblood of any business, so it’s important to manage your finances carefully. Ensure you understand financial concepts such as budgeting, cash flow, and profit & loss statements.

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Dairy Feed


Dairy farming is a type of agriculture where livestock are raised for their milk. Dairy farming in Haryana can be profitable if you have the right resources and knowledge. The state has a large population of dairy cows and a growing demand for milk and milk products.


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