How to Start Greenhouse Farming in Bihar: Crops, 1 Acre Greenhouse Cost, Subsidy, and Loans

Greenhouse farming is a sustainable and profitable way to grow crops in Bihar. It uses natural sunlight and ventilation to give the plants the right amount of light and air, requiring little to no maintenance. With the rising demand for fresh produce, many farmers turn to greenhouses as a cost-effective and sustainable solution.

How to Start Greenhouse Farming in Bihar

How to Start Greenhouse Farming in Bihar

What is Greenhouse Farming?

Greenhouse farming is an agriculture system where several crops are grown in controlled environments. It can grow various crops year-round and customize them to specific growing conditions. In India, greenhouse farming is becoming increasingly popular in states like Bihar, where the climate is conducive to year-round crop production.

Why is Greenhouse Farming Important?

Greenhouse farming is considered important for several reasons. For one, it allows farmers to extend the growing season and produce crops year-round. This is especially beneficial in regions with harsh winters or unpredictable weather patterns. It protects crops from pests and diseases and can help reduce water usage. It can help improve crop yields and provide a steadier income for farmers. Greenhouse farming is becoming increasingly popular in Bihar due to the state’s favorable climate conditions.

Greenhouse Vegetable Production in Bihar

Vegetable production in Bihar is an important part of the state’s economy. Greenhouse farming in Bihar is a great option for farmers looking to get into vegetable production. The state has a lot of potential for this type of farming due to its climate and soil conditions. In addition, the government is providing subsidies and loans to farmers who want to set up greenhouses on their farms. The first step in setting up a greenhouse is to choose the right site. The site should be well-ventilated and have access to sunlight.

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Greenhouse Cucumber Farming

It should also be close to a water source. Once the site is selected, the next step is to prepare the land. The land should be leveled and cleared of any debris. After that, the foundation of the greenhouse should be built. The walls and roof of the greenhouse can be made from different materials like glass, plastic, or metal sheets. The most important thing is to choose materials that will allow adequate sunlight and ventilation in the greenhouse.

After the greenhouse construction is complete, farmers can start planting their crops. Greenhouse vegetable production in Bihar has great potential due to the state’s climate and soil conditions. The government also provides subsidies and loans to farmers who want to build farm greenhouses. With proper planning and execution, farmers can reap huge benefits from greenhouse farming in Bihar.

The main advantages of greenhouse vegetable production are that it allows for year-round production, higher yields, and better-quality produce. It is also a more water-efficient cultivation method than traditional open-field methods. Greenhouse farming also protects crops from extreme weather conditions and pests/diseases.

Benefits of Greenhouse Farming in the Bihar

  • The main benefits of greenhouse farming are that it allows for more predictable and consistent yields and earlier harvests. Crops grown in greenhouses are also typically of higher quality due to the controlled environment. In addition, greenhouse farming can help reduce water usage and soil erosion.
  • Greenhouse farming is a sustainable agricultural method that uses plastic or glass greenhouses to grow crops. By providing year-round growing conditions, greenhouse farming can improve crop yields while reducing the use of land and water resources.
  • Another benefit of greenhouse farming is that it uses less water than traditional farming methods. This is because the water used to irrigate the plants is recycled and used again, meaning there is no need to use fresh water constantly. This not only reduces the amount of water needed but also helps to save on costs.
  • Finally, greenhouse farming in Bihar is also beneficial for the environment. The fact that crops are grown all year round means there is less need for pesticides and chemicals, which can harm the environment.

Is Greenhouse Farming Profitable in Bihar?

Greenhouse farming is a profitable venture for farmers in Bihar as it enables them to get higher prices for their produce due to the good quality and year-round availability of these crops. Greenhouse farming can be very profitable for farmers. The controlled environment inside a greenhouse allows farmers to produce higher yields than they would be able to achieve with traditional methods.

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Greenhouse Muskmelon Farming

Crops are Grown Under Greenhouses in Bihar

Greenhouse farming in Bihar is gaining popularity due to the state’s increasing demand for fresh vegetables, fruits, and flowers. The main crops grown in greenhouses in Bihar are Tomatoes, Capsicums, Cucumbers, Onions, and Brinjals. These crops are grown under controlled temperature, humidity, and soil moisture conditions. The use of greenhouse technology helps to improve the yield and quality of these crops.

Different Types of Greenhouse Farms in Bihar

There are several types of greenhouses, including plastic tunnel greenhouses, glass greenhouses, and metal frame greenhouses. The greenhouse type will depend on your specific needs and budget.

Plastic tunnel greenhouses are the most affordable option and can be easily erected by farmers with limited resources. However, they are not as durable as other greenhouses and can be damaged by strong winds or heavy rains. Plastic tunnel greenhouses are the cheapest type of greenhouse and are the most popular among small-scale farmers. They are easy to set up and can be used for various crops, including vegetables, fruits, and flowers. They have a low cost of maintenance and need little space. However, they have a limited lifespan and leak water and air.

Glass greenhouses are more expensive than plastic tunnel greenhouses but are much more durable and withstand stronger weather conditions. They also allow farmers to control the environment inside the greenhouse more effectively, which can lead to higher yields.

Metal-frame greenhouses are the most expensive option, but they offer the best protection from the elements and allow for the greatest control over the internal environment. 

Cost to Start a Greenhouse Farm in the Bihar

The cost of setting up a greenhouse farm will change depending on the size and type of greenhouse you choose. Establishing a one-acre greenhouse in Bihar ranges from Rs. 5 lakhs to Rs. 15 lakhs per acre. The government of Bihar provides a subsidy of 30% on the cost of setting up a greenhouse. Loans are also available from banks at interest rates as low as 4%.

This includes the cost of materials, labor, and other miscellaneous expenses. The cost of a larger greenhouse would be proportionately higher. In addition to the initial investment, running a greenhouse farm involves operational costs such as seeds, fertilizers, water, electricity, etc. The government has also set up a Greenhouse Mission in the state to promote greenhouse farming.

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Greenhouse Farming

Number of Greenhouse Farms in Bihar

Bihar is a state in eastern India. It is the third-largest state in India by population and the 12th-largest by area. The number of greenhouses in Bihar was estimated to be 1,000 to 1500 farms.  These greenhouses were in Vaishali, Patna, Muzaffarpur, and Begusarai.

How does Greenhouse Farming Work in Bihar?

A greenhouse is typically a building in which plants are grown. These structures can range in size from small sheds to very large buildings. Greenhouses may be used to produce flowers or vegetables or for protected environment research or space colonization.

The interior of a greenhouse typically has a temperature and humidity-controlled environment to encourage plant growth. The most common type of greenhouse is made with transparent walls and glass or plastic film roofs. This allows sunlight to enter the structure and warm the interior air while limiting heat loss.

Greenhouse farming is an intensive form of agriculture that uses technology to create optimal crop growth conditions. The main goal of greenhouse farming is to achieve year-round production, regardless of the outdoor climate. By controlling the temperature, humidity, and other factors inside the greenhouse, farmers can create a microclimate that is ideal for plant growth.

Create A Greenhouse Business Plan in Bihar

1. Decide on the type of greenhouse business you want to set up. There are many different types of greenhouses, each with its benefits and drawbacks. Do some research to find the right type of greenhouse for your needs.

2. The main step is to research the market potential for your greenhouse business. It will help if you determine the acreage of land available for cultivation and the estimated cost of setting up a greenhouse unit. You can get this information from the Department of Agriculture or the Horticulture Board in Bihar.

3. Figure out how much space you will need for your greenhouse. This will depend on the type of greenhouse you choose and the crops you want to grow. Make sure to leave enough room for expansion in the future.

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Greenhouse Vegetable Farming

4. Estimate the cost of setting up your greenhouse. This includes the cost of materials, labor, and any other associated costs. Get multiple quotes from different suppliers to get the best price possible.

5. Create a marketing plan for your greenhouse business. This should include strategies for promoting your business and attracting customers.

Key Rules for Starting Greenhouse Farming in Bihar

  • You need to understand the local climate and weather patterns clearly. This will help you determine the best time to start your greenhouse and what crops would best suit your area’s growth. Also, it is important to have realistic expectations for the space available for your greenhouse.
  • Greenhouse farming can be an extremely rewarding experience. As such, you must ensure you have the financial resources before moving forward with your plans. Taking out a loan to finance your new venture can be necessary. 
  • Finally, be sure to research the various types of greenhouses available and select the option that best suits your needs.

Greenhouse Farming Loans and Subsidies in Bihar

  • The Indian government offers subsidies for farmers who want to set up greenhouses, which can make the investment more affordable. Several loan options are also available for farmers starting a greenhouse farm.
  • The government of Bihar offers various subsidy and loan schemes for greenhouse farmers to encourage them to set up greenhouses and adopt best practices. The main scheme is the Greenhouse Subsidy Scheme, which offers a subsidy of 50% of the cost of setting up a greenhouse, up to a maximum of Rs. 1 lakh. The scheme also provides for a loan of up to Rs. 10 lakhs at an interest rate of 7%, with a repayment period of 5 years.
  • Other schemes include the Solar Greenhouse Scheme, which offers a subsidy of 30% of the cost of setting up a solar-powered greenhouse, and the Cold Storage Scheme, which provides loans of up to Rs. 20 lakhs at an interest rate of 6%, with a repayment period of 5 years.

Challenges of Greenhouse Farming in Bihar

Greenhouse farming in Bihar faces several challenges, including high costs, lack of access to subsidies and loans, and limited knowledge among farmers.

High Costs

One of the biggest challenges facing greenhouse farmers in Bihar is the high cost of setting up and maintaining a greenhouse. Greenhouses can cost anywhere from Rs. 5 lakhs to 15 lakhs, depending on their size and type. Farmers must also invest in equipment and materials such as seeds, soil, water pumps, and fans. These costs can be prohibitive for many small-scale farmers.

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Greenhouse Flower Farming
Lack of Access to Subsidies and Loans

Greenhouse farmers face a lack of subsidies and loans. The government provides subsidies for certain greenhouses, but these are often not accessible to farmers in remote areas. In addition, banks are often reluctant to lend money for greenhouse projects due to the high risks involved. This makes it difficult for farmers to acquire financing to set up or expand their operations.

Limited Knowledge Among Farmers

A final challenge facing greenhouse farmers in Bihar is limited knowledge about greenhouse cultivation among small-scale farmers. Many farmers are unfamiliar with the technology or the best practices for successful greenhouse cultivation. As a result, they may not be able to get the most out of their business investment or may even Abandon their greenhouses altogether.

Pests and Diseases

Pests and diseases are a common problem in Bihar, damaging crops and reducing yields. Finally, the high cost of inputs such as seeds, fertilizer, and water can make greenhouse farming prohibitively expensive for many farmers in Bihar.

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Small Scale Greenhouse Farming


Greenhouse farming uses glass, plastic, or other transparent materials to create an environment where plants can grow. This differs from traditional farming, which occurs outdoors in open fields. This innovative method of agriculture has revolutionized how farmers cultivate their land, resulting in higher yields, lower costs, and more environmentally friendly practices.


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