Latest Agriculture Technologies in India, Impact, Advantages

Latest agriculture technologies, smart farming methods, new cultivation techniques in India: Technology is the knowledge used in production to improve productivity. While agricultural technology refers to the knowledge used in improving agricultural productivity. It is a combination of inputs and changes in it from time to time for maximizing productivity. As a result of this per unit, the cost can be reduced. It can be a mix of human labor, seeds, fertilizers and manure, animal labor, and management.

A guide to latest agriculture technologies in India

Technologies in agriculture developed to increase production, resolve chemo-physical, biological, and socioeconomic constraints related to crop production. The technology covers everything from powered machinery that does work formerly preformed people and animals to enhanced seed technologies that support crop growth and protect plants from insects.

The challenge of climate change and increased need to better protect and manage natural resources is driving research and development in agriculture technologies that allow farmers to more efficiently utilize resources. The resources can be water and nutrients, build soil health through precision agronomic systems, enhanced seeds that will produce crops that positively impact human health as well as animal husbandry breeding and Tramadol practices that will safely and humanely increase the output of meat and protein products such as milk and eggs.

Role of technology in agriculture

The role of technology is very important in agriculture also. Higher output or crop yield would depend upon the nature of technology. The main factor in agricultural production land which is limited in supply; so, technology plays a crucial role in agriculture.

Agricultural technology mainly refers to technology for the production of machines used on a farm to help with farming. Agricultural machines have been designed for practically every stage of the agricultural method. They consist of machines for tilling the soil, planting seeds, irrigating the farmland, cultivating crops. And also consists of plants protecting from pests, harvesting, livestock feeding, and sorting and packaging the products. People who are trained to design agricultural machinery, agricultural equipment, and structures are known as agricultural engineers.

Agricultural technology importance goes beyond amounts produced, costs and profits, and also environmental effects; agricultural change is closely linked to different societal institutions and populations.  Agricultural technology in India is among the most revolutionary and impactful areas of modern technology, driven by the fundamental need for food. These agricultural machines have massively increased farm output and changed the way people are employed and produce food worldwide. The main example of agricultural machinery is the tractor. Currently, mechanized agriculture involves the use of airplanes and helicopters.

Importance of latest agricultural technologies in India

Farmers no longer have to apply water, fertilizers, and also pesticides uniformly across entire fields. Some benefits of agricultural technology include;

  • Higher crop productivity
  • Decreased use of water quantity, fertilizer, and pesticides, which in turn keeps food prices down
  • Reduced impact on natural ecosystems
  • Less runoff of chemicals into rivers and also groundwater
  • Increased worker safety

Also, robotic technologies enable more reliable monitoring and management of natural resources, for example, air and water quality.

  • Greater efficiencies and lower prices
  • Safer growing conditions and safer foods
  • Reduced environmental and ecological impact

Stages in the development of farm technology

The process of change in agriculture technology was not an abrupt event. It has undergone through the below stages;

  • Changes in farm machine technology
  • Changes in animal production technology
  • Changes in plant production technology
  • Changes in land use technology
  • Changes in food and fiber processing technology.

Use of modern irrigation methods in agriculture technology

The availability of water is critical for increasing productivity in agriculture. In India, around 78 percent of water goes to the agriculture sector, as the remaining part shared out between drinking, industry and another usage. So, it is required that water storage facilities be increased in the country to 450 million cubic meters by 2050. Dryland agriculture should be the major focus area as more than 60 percent of the cultivated area in the country is without irrigation. The water use efficiency under a conventional flood of the irrigation system, which is practiced in Indian agriculture, is very low due to substantial conveyance.

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Recognizing the fast decline of water potential and increasing demand for water from different sectors, several demand management strategies have been introduced to save water and increase the existing water use efficiency in Indian agriculture. The irrigation system is crucial to the global food supply as 18 percent of the world’s irrigated farmland yields 40 percent of the world’s food. Still, less than 4 percent of the world’s irrigated land is equipped with micro-irrigation. There is a need to adopt modern methods of irrigation like drip irrigation and sprinkler irrigation. Compared with furrow irrigation, drip irrigation methods can reduce the volume of water applied to fields by up to 70 percent, while increasing crop yields by 20 to 90 percent.

Protected cultivation in agriculture

Protected or greenhouse cultivation is the area where the production of horticultural crops has improved qualitatively. In India, the area under greenhouse cultivation is presently 25,000 hectares. While the greenhouse vegetable cultivation area is 2000 hectares. Polyhouses can be utilized for rainwater harvesting. The irregular annual demand for a 175 square meter poly-house is of the order of about 52,000 liters. The semi-annual demand for a crop of 6 months duration is 26,000 liters of water. In a region with an annual rainfall of 400 mm, the rainwater falling on the roof of the polyhouse structure is of the order of 70,000 liters. Assuming collection productivity of 80 percent, 56,000 liters of rainwater could be harvested, which is more than the annual demand.

New and latest technologies in agriculture in India

Artificial Intelligence

For the growth of agriculture, it is essential to identify factors that can contribute to better crop yield and place of harvest. With Artificial Intelligence tools entering the new technology space in agriculture, it becomes possible to reach solutions based data that indicates weather conditions, type of harvest a crop would need, and the type of soil most suitable, etc. Government schemes like Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) will be welcoming Artificial Intelligence technology to reduce the time consumption in settling claims of the farmers.

Mobile Applications

Smartphones became a regular commodity for people; the deep penetration of digitalization was felt across the country. As more and more activities moved to the smartphone, the new technology boosted the potential of applications for agricultural technology purposes as well.

The government has mainly focused on backing the use of technology in agriculture with E- Nam (National Agriculture Market) an electronic trading portal for agricultural commodities.

Satellite Images for Agriculture

Satellite images can be used for various types of information such as road networks, weather changes, a behavior of oceans, etc. But this technology is used to keep an eye on crops without being present on the farm and this saves a considerable amount of money and time.

Animal Tracking

This is mainly for dairy farm technology. A smart collar belt is mainly developed to detect the health and fertility of cows. This tracking device can be integrated with a smartphone or laptop to keep an eye on the behavior of a cow. This will helps to provide treatment, food on time for the cow. Because of this monitoring, we can increase the capability of a cow to produce more quantity of milk and make a good amount of profit from dairy farming.

Drones of latest agriculture technologies in India

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Agriculture Drone.
Agriculture Drone.

For precision farming or smart farming, drones bring efficiency with accurate information reducing uncertainty while decision making. By using the correct sensors, drones can provide farmers with real-time information regarding crops, soil deterioration, dry regions, fungal infections, etc.  This information could be relayed to farmers in a readable format so they can gauge which area needs irrigation and better techniques. Also, drones can be used for spraying purposes.  In India, drones have been used mainly for corn or maize fields in Andhra Pradesh.

Some of the most advanced agricultural technologies

Advanced agriculture technology is the collection of advanced techniques or processes used in the production of goods.

Soil and Water Sensors of latest agriculture technologies in India

Perhaps the equipment having the most immediate effect is soil and water sensors and these sensors are durable, unobtrusive and moderately inexpensive. These sensors can detect moisture and nitrogen levels, and the farm can use this to find out when to water and fertilize rather than rely on a predetermined schedule. That results in more efficient use of resources and lowered costs, but it also helps the farm be more environmentally friendly by conserving water, limiting erosion and reducing fertilizer levels in local rivers and lakes.

Soil Moisture Sensors.
Soil Moisture Sensors.

Weather Tracking of latest agriculture technologies in India

Some online weather services focus exclusively on agriculture. Farmers can access these tracking services on dedicated onboard and handheld farm but via mobile apps that run on just about any consumer smartphone. This weather tracking technology can give farmers enough advanced notice of frost, hail and other weather that they can take precautions to protect the crops or at least mitigate losses to a significant degree.

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Crop Production

To develop crop production, several areas need to be taken into consideration. The farmers need to ensure the seeds, equipment and other materials that are made use of are of good quality, the functions are performed appropriately and they possess the required skills and abilities. They want to possess adequate knowledge and awareness to utilize technology appropriately. Weather modification is a technique that is essential to create a suitable climate for crops. When the perfect climate for crops is created, it leads to an increase in crop production.

Biotechnology of latest agriculture technologies in India

Biotech or genetic engineering (GE) isn’t new tech, but it is an important tool with much more potential yet to be unleashed. The form of genetic engineering most people have probably heard of is herbicide resistance. The other could likely be insect-resistant traits. Crops can be made to express toxins that control some pests. Many employ Bt toxin that is the same toxin found in organic pesticides. That means a farmer won’t have to make a pass through fields to apply pesticide, which not only saves on pesticide, but fuel, labor, and wear on equipment too.

Smart Materials

The smart materials are used as a collective term for materials that can change their shape through external influences, including pressure, temperature, humidity, acidity, and electric and magnetic fields. Examples of these materials contain piezoelectric materials or piezo-crystals, shape memory metal, electric and magnetic-rheological (ER/MR) liquids, conductive polymers, color-changing materials, and light-emitting materials. The use of smart materials in agricultural technology has proven to be beneficial, they are used to clean up hazardous materials, add up functional performance, have an impact on packaging and so forth.

RFID Technology

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology mainly identifies an object by radiofrequency without any contact. It has been successfully applied in many industries such as supply chain management, retail management, logistics management, security supervising, traffic supervising, and more. RFID technology constitutes a farm monitoring system whereby farmers can now protect their crops from pests. And, livestock such as cattle can be monitored using wireless sensor networks. Similarly, livestock management has already made many strides by using RFID systems to help with remote monitoring of animals using dedicated hardware systems and software systems. The RFID technology has already been used for years in some aspects of the agriculture industry.

Vertical Farming of latest agriculture technologies in India

Vertical farming is the practice of growing several crops in vertically stacked layers. This offers several advantages. Perhaps the most obvious is the ability to grow within urban environments and have fresher foods available faster and at lower costs. Though, vertical farming won’t be limited to just urban environments like initially expected. Farmers in all areas can use it to make better use of obtainable land and to grow crops that wouldn’t normally be viable in those locations.

Irrigate via smartphone

Mobile technology is playing the main role in monitoring and controlling crop irrigation systems. With the right equipment, a farmer can control irrigation systems from a phone or computer instead of driving to each field. Moisture sensors in the ground can communicate information about the moisture level present at certain depths in the soil. This increased flexibility allows for more precise control of water and other inputs such as fertilizer that are applied by irrigation pivots.

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