Most Profitable Crops; High Profit Cash Crops In India

A step by step guide for Most profitable crops

Today, we discuss the most profitable crops in India, high-profit cash crops In India, and crop with the highest profit per acre in India.

India is the top producer country of several crops. Based on the seasons, the classification of crops in India has been divided into three types. They are;

  • Rabi
  • Kharif and
  • Zaid crops

Rabi crops: 

The Rabi crop is the spring harvest or winter season crop in India. It is sown in October last and harvested in March and April every year. The Rabi season generally starts in November and lasts up to March or April. Rabi crops are mostly cultivated using irrigation since monsoons are already over by November. Unseasonal showers in the month November or December can ruin the crops. Most important Rabi crops in India include Wheat, Barley, Mustard, Sesame, Peas, etc.

Kharif crops:

The Kharif crop is the summer or monsoon crop in India. Kharif crops also known as monsoon crops. The crops that are cultivated in the monsoon season. The Kharif season differs in every state of the country but is normally from June to September. These crops are generally sown at the beginning of the monsoon season around June and harvested by September or October. Major Kharif crops of India includes Millets (Bajra & Jowar), Cotton, Soyabean, Sugarcane, Paddy or Rice, Maize, Pulses, Groundnut, Red Chillies, etc.

Zaid crops:

These Zaid crops are grown in some parts of the country from March to June. There is a short season between Kharif season and Rabi season in March to July. These Zaid crops are grown on irrigated lands and do not have to wait for monsoons.

Prominent examples of major Zaid crops of India are Muskmelon, Watermelon, Vegetables of Cucurbitaceae family such as bitter gourd, pumpkin, cucumber, ridged gourd, etc.

Now let us get into the most profitable crops in India:


Rice is predominantly a Kharif crop. It normally covers one-third of the total cultivated area of India. It gives food to more than half of the Indian population. Rice is formed in almost all states. Top three rice producer states are West Bengal, Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh. Other rice-growing states can include Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Assam, and Maharashtra.

Rice Crop.
Rice Field.

India is the 2nd largest producer of rice in the world after China. India accounts for about 20% of the world’s rice production. It is arguably the main important agricultural crop that grows in the country. Rice is a staple food pan India, and its cultivation is widespread across the country.

Rice importantly grows in high rainfall areas. It requires average temperatures range of 25°c and a minimum of 100 cms of rainfall. It’s traditionally developed in waterlogged rice paddy fields. Northeast plains and coastal areas are the main rice-producing areas of the country.


Wheat is the second main important crop of India after Rice. Wheat is a Rabi crop. Wheat is the staple food in north and northwestern India. It’s a winter crop and requires low temperature. The ideal temperature for wheat cultivation is between 10 to 15°C at the time of sowing and 21-26°C at the time of harvesting. Wheat thrives well in less than 100 cm and more than 75 cm rainfall. The most proper soil for the cultivation of wheat is well-drained fertile loamy soil and clayey soil. Plain areas are mainly suitable. The wheat crop is highly mechanization oriented and can needless labor. Top three states producing Wheat are Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Haryana.

You may also check Horticulture Farming, Types of Horticulture.

Wheat Crop.
Wheat Field.

After rice and wheat, maize is the mainly important cereal crop in India. It accounts for about one-tenth of the total agricultural produce in India. Cultivation of maize is mainly in the regions of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. It requires temperatures in the range of 21 to 27°c and rainfall of between 50 to 75 cms.

Most Profitable Maize Crop.
Maize Field.

Mustard belongs to the ‘Cruciferae’ family and is generally used in India for cooking purposes.  Also, mustard is used to extract oil, which is edible and is mostly used in Indian cooking. It needs a subtropical climate to grow which is a dry and cool climate. The temperature range to grow mustard is between 10 to 25°c. Rajasthan has the largest production of mustard in India.

Coarse Cereals and Millets

Coarse Cereals and Millets are the short duration warm weather or Kharif crops used both as food and fodder. Important millets in India are Jawar, Bajra, Ragi, etc. The coarse cereals and millets are grown in areas with high temperature and are known as dryland crops because can be grown in areas with 50-100 cm rainfall.  The coarse cereals are less sensitive to soil deficiencies. They can be mostly grown in an inferior alluvial or loamy soil.

You should not miss the Hybrid Coconut Cultivation; Yield; Varieties.


The bamboo plant is one of the most widely used landscaping plants and it is one of the fastest-growing plants in the world. They can grow up to 4 inches a day and you can harvest your bamboo forest for over 40 years.


Cactus plant is the most favorable item as a plant decor item. Creating and selling cactus arrangements is a profitable and self-rewarding business to start.


Jowar is the main food grain in India as well. The ideal climate for the cultivation of Jowar must be warm and arid and the average annual rainfall should be 45 cm.

Jowar Crop.
Jowar Field.

Maharashtra is the leading producer of Jowar plant in the country. The state houses about 50% of the overall area for Jowar cultivation in India. Maharashtra cultivates about 52% of the overall Jowar farming in the country. Other important producers of Jowar include states include Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu. Definitely, it is one of the most profitable crops in India.


Cotton is one of the most important fibers and considered as profitable cash crop plants to grow. It plays a main role in the industrial and agricultural economy. It provides the basic raw material or cotton fiber to the textile industry.

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Cotton is the most important fiber crop and cotton seed is used as vegetable oil and a part of fodder for milch cattle for better milk production. Cotton is a Kharif Crop and develops in tropical and subtropical areas. It requires modest rainfall and in India, it is one of the predominant rain-fed crops. Cotton requires uniformly high-temperature ranges 21°C to 30°C. Cotton grows in areas having at least 210 frost-free days in a year.

Most Profitable Cotton Crop.
Cotton Cultivation.

Optimum soil for cotton is the Black soils of Deccan and Malwa plateau. Also grows well in alluvial soils of the Satluj-Ganga plain and red and laterite soils of the peninsular area. Cotton growing is known as less mechanized farming in India, therefore, needs cheap labor.  Main cotton cultivating states are Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh.


Lavender is considered as a profitable cash crop plants to produce globally. Climate and soil condition play the main role in lavender farming. Lavender requires full sun, cold weather with maximum humidity.


Many different types of specialty herbs are popular for their medicinal values. Selecting the right herb and creating the right marketing strategy is mainly crucial factors in herbs farming. Some of the main profitable herbs are Chives, Cilantro, Oregano, Chamomile, etc.


India is the largest producer of tea (black tea) in the world. Tea is grown in approximately 16 states in India. Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala account for about 95 percent of total tea farming.

Tea growing business has huge potential and demand for the product is developing globally. Generally, tea plants typically fare best in acidic soil and regions with heavy rainfall around 40 inches per year, although they can be grown anywhere from sea level to altitudes as high as 1.3 miles above sea level.

You should also check the Groundnut Oil Making Process.


Specialty spices are popular around the globe and also they are most expensive. Saffron, Cardamom, Pure Vanilla beans, etc are considered most profitable spices and commercial cash crop plants to grow.

Medicinal Plants:

Growing medicinal plants commercially is one of the main profitable agriculture business ideas. Having sufficient land and knowledge about the herbs marketing, an entrepreneur can initiate medicinal herbs production with moderate capital investment.

Horticulture Plants:

Horticulture plants like fruits and vegetables are the commercially profitable cash crop plants to produce.  The major factor to profitability with these crops is to know which varieties perform best under the growing conditions in a particular area. Under ideal cultivation practices, horticulture plantation can be treated as the most profitable crops in India.


Sugarcane is one of the highest yield crops. Additionally, it is one of the main profitable cash crop plants to grow. It is a long duration crop and it encounters all the seasons such as rainy, winter and summer during its life cycle.

That’s all folks about most profitable crops in India along with high-profit cash crops. Please drop any comments in case you need something regarding this article. Keep farming.!

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  1. Hi Mr Jagadish Reddy,
    I got a approx 4 acre wetland can be used only for Agri in Cochin kerala,I had studied a hydroponics (but dropped the idea due to initial cost, could you help me with any loss cost modern type of farming technique..

  2. Hi Jagdish,
    Thanks for the info. I wanted to know which crop is most profitable in UP(Uttar Pradesh) soil. The land has black soil. Also, it is capable to produce 3 crops in a year. I am very much interested in farming. People are willing to give their land on rent. So, there’s no limit to land.

  3. Hi There
    I am from haryana, i wanted to know which is the fastest and costliest plant that i can grow in my farm land, i just sow Kashmiri apple ber and Taiwan white guava in three acres, we used to plant popular in our field but i want more to grow profitable plants or herbs, please suggest, in our field the eater level is just on four feet, an fertile land too. Waiting for your reply .

  4. We are senior citizens We have dry land in Madurai Tamilnadu What to grow we like agriculture but don’t have much to invest pls guide us

    We want to protect our land and to spend the time in agriculture
    Any subsidey

  5. I am interest in some profitable farm option within minimum investment & workers need. I have salty water & black soil.


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