Introduction: Hello friends, today we will discuss the Mung bean cultivation income, cultivation cost, yield, and project report. Mung bean (Vigna radiata L. Wildzek.) is also called as Moong bean belongs to the family Leguminosae. Cultivation of Mung bean will increase soil fertility. The area under Mung bean cultivation is around 3 million hectares in India with an average production of 1 million tonnes. Major Mung bean growing states in India are Karnataka, Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Mung bean is good of source protein. It is suitable for cultivation in all seasons of the year. Sprouted seeds are excellent source of protein. It can be used as fodder. It is also used in preparations of curries. It is also a good source of vitamins.
A guide to Mung bean cultivation income, Project report
It requires around 6-8 kilograms of seeds to cultivate in one acre. Approximately farmer can get a yield of 6 quintals from one acre of Mung bean field. The average market price for Mung bean is Rs.5000-6000 per quintal. Short duration verities come to maturity within 60-65 days after sowing. During the time of late rains Mung bean can be cultivated before rice in rice fields. Crop duration of Mung bean is around 60 to 70 days.
List of Mung bean Varieties & Hybrids
- Pusa baisaki
- Gujarath moong-1
- Gujarath moong-2
- Gujarath moong-3
- Gujarath moong-4
- Jawahar -45
Cost of cultivation for 1 acre Mung bean cultivation
The cost of land preparation
To cultivate Mung bean land needs to be ploughed enough for 1-2 times and land should be planked after ploughing. For ploughing and planking farmer need around Rs. 1000 as ploughing charges and for removing weeds and stubbles of previous season crop it requires a minimum of 2 labor. It may cost around Rs.400 for labor, if we pay Rs.200 per head.
The cost of seeds
It needs around 6-8 kilograms of seeds to sow in one acre field. To purchase one kilo gram of seeds farmer need Rs.150. So, for 8 kilograms of seeds farmer may have to incur Rs.1200. As well as for seed treatment chemicals like Thiram etc. farmer require Rs.250.
The sowing cost
Sowing requires on an average of 3 labors to sow in one acre field. Then for sowing, it costs up to Rs. 600. One labor for operating and plough and 2 labors for sowing the seeds.
The cost of fertilizers and manures
Mung bean requires 4-5 tonnes of farmyard manure, to apply farmyard manure we need Rs.1800. It requires 5:12:5 kilo grams of Nitrogen, Phosphorous and potash to which we have to spend Rs.500.
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The cost of intercultural operations:
On an average, two weedings are required during the crop growth of Mung bean. For each weeding we need 3 labor and for 2 weedings 6 labor are needed. Hence, Rs.1200 is needed to carry out weeding operation. To purchase chemicals like pendimithalin, nitrofen etc. to control weeds farmer has to spend Rs.500.
The cost of plant protection measures or pesticides
White fly, stem fly, Bihar hairy caterpillar etc. and downy mildew, leaf curl are the major pest and diseases of Mung bean. To control all these pest and disease to mitigate the losses in yield, it costs around Rs. 1350.
The cost of Miscellaneous activities
Miscellaneous activities include costs incurred towards electricity, rent for land, interest over capital etc. All these activities need Rs.2200.
The harvesting cost of Mung bean crop
Mung bean comes to harvesting within 80-100 days after sowing, when 80 percent pods in the field were mature enough. Harvesting of one acre Mung bean requires 3 labors. So, cost of harvesting is Rs.600.
The cost of drying and threshing
Threshing can be done either with the help of sticks or trampling with bullocks. On an averagely it needs around Rs.570 for threshing and separating the seeds.
The yield of Mung bean per acre
Average yield potential of Mung bean in our country is 6-8 quintals per acre.
The cost of Transportation
Transportation of produce from the production area to market was done by with the help of a tractor or truck towards which farmer has to pay transportation charges of Rs. 350.
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The total cost of 1acre Mung bean farming
Cost of seed material – Rs. 1200+ Rs. 250
Cost of land preparation – Rs. 1000+ Rs. 400
Cost of sowing – Rs. 600
Cost of weeding – Rs. 1200+ Rs. 500
Cost of Plant protection – Rs. 1350
Fertilizer cost – Rs. 1800+ Rs. 500
Cost of miscellaneous activities – Rs. 2200
Cost of harvesting – Rs. 600
Cost of drying and threshing – Rs.575
Cost of transportation – Rs. 350
Cost of 1 acre Mung bean farming – Rs. 12, 525
Extra 10% of total cost – Rs. 1252.5
The total cost of 1 acre Mung bean farming – Rs.13,778
The total cost incurred in 1 acre Mung bean cultivation
On an average total cost of cultivation involved in one acre Mung bean cultivation is Rs.13, 778. Cost involved in cultivation of Mung bean may vary from above said cost which depending upon various factors.
The total income from 1-acre Mung bean cultivation
Market price for Mung bean dated on 21-09-2019 is Rs.5,459 per quintal at Surya pet market yard. So, by selling 6 quintals of Mung bean farmer will get a gross amount of Rs.32,754.
Net profit from 1-acre Mung bean production:
Net income the farmer can earn in 1 acre Mung bean cultivation is:
Rs.32,754– Rs. 13, 778 = Rs.18,976
Mung bean cultivation in one acre land will fetch an average net returns of Rs. 18,976 to the 1 acre Mung bean farmer.
Conclusion: Crop duration of Mung bean is less and it can also be cultivated like an inter crop in fields of cotton etc. and also the cultivation of Mung bean is providing average net returns of Rs.18,976. So, it clearly says from above that cultivation of Mung bean is remunerative for the farmers.
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