Introduction to poultry farming in Uttar Pradesh: Poultry farming has been defined as ‘raising a variety of commercial domestic birds to produce meat, eggs, and feathers. There are several benefits to the poultry farming business. Therefore, many farmers prefer to invest in the poultry business. People set up poultry farms to produce eggs, meat and earn more from these products.
Raising billions of chicken breeds around the world is a good food source from their eggs and meat. Poultry can play a significant role in agricultural diversification, especially given the fact that with a growing population, there is tremendous pressure on the land. To meet the growing demand for unadulterated protein and to raise awareness of the importance of eggs in the urban population, the department began adopting all available modern technologies to increase annual egg production with improved birds.
Guide on poultry farming in Uttar Pradesh, locating the poultry farm, housing management, business plan, requirements, loans and subsidies
Choose the type of poultry bird
Initially, you can start small poultry farms by selecting 2 to 3 poultry birds and then adding more birds as the business grows. Poultry farmers mostly raise chickens, ducks, geese, quails, peacocks, pigeons, and turkeys as layers.
Locate the poultry farm
It is remembered that, build your poultry farm a short distance from the city to get cheap land and labor. The selected location must have all the necessary facilities. Don’t move the farm too far from the nearest town. Choose a town with your target customers in mind.
When you think about choosing your farm area, you must have all the necessary facilities for your poultry such as water, drainage, electricity supply, etc. Once you have selected the desired area for your poultry farm, you need to divide the area into three different parts which are;
- Floor space
- Feeder space
- Water space
and all three depending on the need of the bird on which you choose.
Housing management for poultry farming in Uttar Pradesh
Good and well-organized housing plays an important role in raising all kinds of poultry birds. Some birds grow and live happily on the floors of chicken houses and some in cages. You have to make a suitable home according to the type of birds you have and make sure that they have all the necessary facilities.
Deep Litter System – The deep litter system is used to place birds on a litter floor, which is covered with a variety of agricultural materials, such as rice husk, sawdust, groundnut hulls, wood shavings, and dried leaves, depending on their availability. Initially, the depth of agricultural material is about 5 to 6 cm, and then as the size of the bird increases, it increases by another 5 to 6 cm.
In the case of broilers from where they go for slaughter, the birds can stay on the system for up to six weeks. In the case of crusts, they live up to 18 weeks of age or can be transferred to cages. Most broilers are housed in deep garbage sheds. Food and water are supplied manually on small farms and with automated equipment on large farms.
Cage system – The cage system is a widely used system for commercial layers, breeder layers, and late even broiler breeders. Birds are usually kept in cages on open platforms in open sheds. These cages are arranged in rows. Each cage houses three or four birds with drinking water and feeding. The water is supplied by a nipple mounted on a closed pipe at the height of the bird’s head.
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The feed is placed in a trough attached to the front of the cage and is often distributed manually or by automation. Bird droppings immediately slip through holes and accumulate on the floor.
Creating a business plan for poultry farming
A business plan is a roadmap that includes details of how to achieve business goals. The following would be ideal for a poultry farming business plan.
- Finding a suitable place to start a poultry farm.
- List of required equipment.
- Deciding on the type of bird on the farm.
- Process details such as egg production, broiler breeding, etc.
- Specifications related to various resources such as human resources, financial resources, etc.
- Plans for marketing and advertising strategies.
- Requires information about legal approvals, such as licenses and permissions.
Poultry farming requirements
The following things are required to open a poultry farm.
- Poultry house
- Granules, watering cans
- Chicks or big chickens
- Vaccines and medicines to prevent diseases
- Egg box
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Good hens lay about 250 to 300 eggs a year, whereas native hens lay only 50-60 eggs. These hens should be sold after laying eggs throughout the year as their ability to lay eggs is reduced which reduces the profit margin. About 65-70% of poultry farming is spent on poultry feed. Therefore, the weeding and weaning of hens should be equal.
Poultry farming importance in Uttar Pradesh
Poultry rearing provides the best employment opportunities to the unemployed or unemployed people of rural communities. In addition, the consumption of chicken meat is an important source of protein which helps in meeting the nutritional needs of the rural population. In eastern Uttar Pradesh, poultry farm owners want the state government to intervene soon and save their businesses, which they say are being affected by several factors.
The growth rate depends not only on production but also on increasing consumption. Statistical surveys show that consumption of eggs and meat has increased in those states where their production is higher. Population growth, lifestyle changes, changes in eating habits, increase in per capita income, urbanization, increase in health awareness, and reduction in age, etc., are all contributing factors in increasing the production of both eggs and meat.
Bundelkhand is situated between the Vindhya Range in the south and the Indo-Gangetic in the north, on a slightly sloping upland, distinguished by the barren hilly terrain with sparse vegetation. Bundelkhand is a drought-prone region and the frequency and severity of drought have increased. The entire Bundelkhand region is very hot in summer and usually very cold. Improved indigenous varieties of chicken (CARI-Nirbheek, UPCARI, HITCARI, CARI-Shyama, and CARI-Debendra) also adapted well to the severe climatic conditions of the Bundelkhand region.
The Uttar Pradesh government has commercial layer farming schemes with 10,000 and 30,000 birds. The project cost of one unit is approximately Rs. 70 lakhs and Rs. 180.00 lakhs (excluding land value) for 10,000 and 30,000 laying bird units respectively. Bank loans are 70% (49 and 126 million). The margin money is 30% (Rs. 21 lakhs and Rs. 54 lakhs). The State Government will provide a 10% interest rebate to the bank on the loan amount for five years (maximum Rs. 40.00 lakhs) and the remaining amount of interest will be borne by the business itself. Smaller layered units are not generally viable. Larger units purchase large quantities of raw materials, prepare their feed, and purchase feed components during egg harvesting and sale, providing even higher revenue over long distances.
This is mainly due to the increase in the Minimum Support Price (MSP) of maize and soybeans, which are used as poultry feed. Other reasons include rising electricity, transportation, labor, and medicine prices. Poultry farms where chickens are reared mainly to lay eggs are called ‘layer farms’.
Birds are colloquially called ‘layer’ or ‘egg’. A bird usually lays one egg a day. Livestock and dairy development in the form of small-scale industries are among the priorities of the present government. Poultry is developing steadily in the state. Despite the availability of maize grains, other components of poultry feed, abundant manpower, large market, tremendous increase in consumption of poultry products.
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The development of entrepreneurship in the poultry sector in the state is not progressing at the required pace. Therefore, the state government to make the state self-sufficient by developing industrialization and providing incentives to the state and creating an investor-friendly environment. Bankable schemes are proposed for the establishment of 123 lakh commercial layer breeds and 600,000 parent broiler birds in the next 5 years. The scheme has taken steps for financial relief through necessary steps of poultry policy.
What do you need to start poultry farming?
Poultry farming is an activity that involves raising a wide variety of domestic birds to produce food such as eggs and meat. Commercial poultry farming is also a lucrative business. This is a traditional business plan. Poultry farming is possible in a wide variety of agricultural climatic environments because birds have significant physical adaptations. The need for small space, low capital investment, quick return on expenses, and well-distributed turnover throughout the year make poultry farming profitable in both rural and urban areas.
- Land is required to start poultry farming.
- Select a place a short distance from the village or town to start a poultry farm.
- Choose a place where water, clean air and sunlight, and vehicles are well managed.
Feeding management for poultry farming
For poultry bird growth, there is always feed high quality, fresh and nutritious food. It ensures proper growth, good health, and high productivity. Therefore, feed your poultry birds healthy and nutritious feed. Also, it is important to include all kinds of essential vitamins and minerals in their diet. Feed your poultry birds with high-quality and nutritious feed, always giving them plenty of fresh and clean water as per their demand.
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Obtaining the required licenses to start a poultry farm in Uttar Pradesh
It was not easy to start legal aspects related to poultry farms in India. Because of the poultry products demand, the Government is taking steps to support and promote the poultry farm business. Therefore, with proper legal assistance, anyone can start and maintain a poultry farm in India without much care after obtaining the required permission and license.
The following are the requirements for a poultry farm owner to obtain a license before starting a business in India;
- NOC (No Objection Certificate) from the local village panchayat and Pollution Board.
- Permission to use electricity. Depending on the size of the poultry farm, an electrical transformer will need to be used.
- License from the Groundwater Department.
Loans and subsidies for poultry farming
- The government subsidies up to 25% for poultry farming.
- For SC / ST people this subsidy is up to 35%.
- NABARD subsidizes poultry farming.
- Anyone can take a loan for poultry farming.
How can you get a loan?
- You can get a loan from any government bank for a poultry farming business.
- State Bank of India (SBI) provides loans up to 75% of the total cost for this work and it provides loans up to Rs. 3,00,000 for 5,000 poultry farms. From here you can get a loan of up to Rs 9 lakh for poultry farm growth and this loan of SBI has to be repaid in 5 years. For some reason, an additional period of 6 months is given, if you are unable to repay the loan in 5 years.
- This is called as the ‘Broiler Plus’ scheme under the State Bank of India. Loans are given for making space for poultry farming under this scheme, purchase of equipment, and purchase of poultry.
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UP Poultry Loan and Murgi Palan Scheme
Uttar Pradesh poultry loan scheme application process
The Uttar Pradesh government has launched a poultry farming loan scheme to provide self-employment to the people in the state. People can register for the Poultry Farming Scheme in Uttar Pradesh by applying under the Poultry Farming Scheme, which will increase employment opportunities in the region.
Just as the Yogi Government provides loans for raising animal husbandry, so also under the Poultry Farming Subsidized Bank Loan, people will be given subsidy loans from the bank to set up their own business, for which registration information is given below. The Yogi Government has issued a practical poultry policy development to promote the poultry business under the Poultry Farming Scheme.
The Uttar Pradesh Poultry Development Project aims to benefit small poultry farmers. For which the state government is providing various assistance for the promotion of businesses. In addition to farming, raising livestock, poultry farming, farmers can also increase their income. In the Uttar Pradesh Poultry Loan Scheme in UP, the Uttar Pradesh government will provide licenses, sanitation certificates to all.
Under the Yogi government, the Uttar Pradesh Poultry Loan Scheme, poultry farmers can set up 30,000 bird trading units and 10,000 bird trading units. Under the scheme, a poultry farmer will need to spend Rs 1.60 crore to run a commercial unit of 30,000 birds, in which the beneficiary will have to pass a bank loan of Rs 5.4 million and Rs 1.06 crore as per rules.
Under Poultry Farming Scheme UP, the state government provides a subsidy loan for setting up chicken farms. In the Poultry Farming Interest Subsidy Scheme in UP, the Government of Uttar Pradesh will provide licenses, sanitation certificates to all.
At the same time, a poultry farmer will have to spend a total of Rs. 70 lakhs to set up a commercial unit of 10,000 birds, in which the beneficiary will have to invest Rs 21 lakh and pass a bank loan of Rs 49 lakh. Under this policy, any farmer or youth can apply to the office of the Chief Veterinary Officer.
Major poultry breeds in Uttar Pradesh
Asil or Assel
Asil is known for its pugnacity, superior ability, excellent gait, and dogged fighting features. This breed is also found in Iran where it is known by another name. This breed of chicken is very good. The behavior of these chickens is very quarrelsome so human beings fight with this breed of chickens in the field. Chickens weigh 4-5 kg . Chickens of this breed have long and shiny hair on their necks and feet. Though, the ability of chickens to lay eggs is very low.
Chabro – CHABRO (Multicolored Dual-Purpose Bird)
Similarly, Chabro is a rural breed of meat that has a multicolored plumage and is initially adapted to the climate. It can be used mainly for backyard poultry farming but it can be reared under a very strict system. The most important positive quality of this breed is its tolerance of harsh and harsh environmental conditions and poor breeding practices without much loss in production. Low productivity was also improved through farming methods, health care, supplementation, selection, and crossbreeding.
Market your poultry farm products
You can earn revenue for your farm by selling your products, for which you need to find a local dealer or trader in your area. You can get help from your fellow poultry owners and find a market for yourself. Your profits depend heavily on the market value of your product. Marketing by industry players should be viewed critically as an important aspect of the poultry business and lobby. Easy access to viable markets for indigenous chicken and eggs.
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