Introduction: Hello farmers, we are here today with an excellent information of Tamrind cultivation income, yield and profit in one acre of plantation. It is one of the ingredients used in curries, chutneys, soups, and sauces for sweet and sour taste. Tamarind tastes sweet and sour and has acidic properties and its pulp has laxative properties. Tamarind tree tender leaves, flowers, and fruits are used as vegetables in India. The kernel powder of Tamarind is used as a sizing material in the leather and textile industry. The oil extracted from Tamarind seeds is used in paints and varnishes. Tamarind wood is also used for multipurpose like agriculture tools, tool handles, etc. Gum from Tamarind seed powder is used as a sticking agent. It is also rich in minerals. India stands first in producing the Tamarind.
A guide to Tamrind cultivation income, cost, yield, profits
It is highly produced in states like Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Odhisa, and Bihar. It has many health benefits especially improving digestive health, heart health and is a good source of Iron and mainly helps in managing diabetes.
The commercial and popular varieties of Tamarind in India
These include the following-
- PKM1: This variety produces 270-300 Kg pods per tree and the pulp content is 40%. On average this variety yields 15 tons of pods per acre.
- Urigam: This is a popular variety where it is sweeter with long pods.
Climatic conditions required for Tamarind cultivation
This plant can survive or grow in any type of climatic condition. It can survive even at 0°C and above 45°C. Semi-arid tropical regions with rainfall of 5 cm to 15 cm are ideal for its growth. It can grow well even in heavy rainfall areas. But the land should be arranged with the proper internal drainage system.
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The soil requirement for Tamarind plantation
The best thing we can observe in the tamarind plantation is it can be grown well in poor soils also. Deep loam and alluvial soils are ideal for its growth and best yield. Tamarind can be cultivated in the soil with pH ranging from 4.5 to 9.0.
Planting methods for Tamarind crop
Tamarind can be propagated through seeds, grafts, and buddings. Seeds take nearly 1 week to 10 days to germinate. These seedlings are allowed to grow up to 3-4 months and then transplanted to the main field. In recent times, softwood grafting is very successful and gave the best yield. The ideal time for planting the Tamarind plantation is from June to November. Pits are prepared with 1x1x1 and are maintained at a distance of 10 meteres x10 meters. 15-20 Kg of FYM is added to each it along with the topsoil. Irrigate the planted seedlings from time to time to establish the plants in the field.
Manures and Fertilizers required for Tamarind plants
How to carry out irrigation in Tamarind orchard
It requires frequent irrigation during the summer season, in the rainy season it doesn’t require
any water. Care should be taken to drain off the water stagnation. The beginning stage of the plantation requires water in a steady state. The excess water should be removed during this stage.
How to control weeds in Tamrind orchard
This can be achieved by plowing field more than thrice to attain fine tilth in the soil during this the weeds are ploughed and are separated at the end. Mulching is also done, which helps to control the growth of weeds and also helps to retain the soil moisture content.
How and when to harvest Tamarind
Tamarind fruits are harvested either in the raw state which is used in pickles and consumed raw due to their sour taste these also have good market value. The other one is completely ripening which gives sweet and sour taste this has high demand in local and international markets as it can be transported as a paste to other countries. Not only fruits the tender leaves and the seeds along with the wood also have high demand in the markets as these plant products are used for multipurpose. Harvesting can be done by handpicking or beating with a stick is into practice till now. If the plants are grown by using seeds then the yield starts in the 8th year; if they are developed through grafts then the yield can be seen from the 4th year onwards.
The yield of Tamarind plantation in 1 acre of land
On average it yields 8-10 tons per acre, this yield can be attained if a farmer follows good farming practices; per tree, it yields about 250-300 Kg.
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The costs involved in Tamarind cultivation per 1 acre
Land preparation = Rs. 5,000
Planting materials = Rs. 10,000
Manures = Rs. 5,000
Fertilizers= Rs. 3,000
Plant protection = Rs. 5,000
Irrigation = Rs. 5,000
Labour Charges = Rs. 15,000
Miscellaneous cost = Rs. 5,000
Packaging materials = Rs. 3,000
10% of total cost = Rs. 5,600
Total cost for 1 year = Rs. 61,600
As the yield starts from 4th year, the rest three year’s cost should also be added = Rs. 1,86,000. So total costs involved for 4 years = Rs. 2,47,600
The Tamrind cultivation income returns from one acre plantation
For 1 ton the Farm gate price = 80 x 1000 = Rs. 80,000 per ton. So the income for the average yield of 15 tons = 8 x 80,000 = Rs. 6,40,000
The profits on Tamarind cultivation in 1 acre
Profit = Income – costs involved = Rs.6,40,000 – Rs.2,47,600 = Rs. 3,92,400. Hence the profit is Rs. 3,92,400 per 1 acre.
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These profits are earned after the 4th year and the profits can be increased as the seed, tender leaves, gum produced, wood is also having high market value. Hence, the profits of these products will also be included in the profits section. Hope you enjoyed the article of Tamrind cultivation income and cost of cultivation. Happy farming!.
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