A full guide for Tomato profit per acre, cost of cultivation in 1 acre:
Here is the step by step guide for tomato profit per acre in India. This Tomato farming project report also covers Tomato cost of cultivation per acre along with Tomato yield per acre. This economics of tomato farming can also be applied for tomato cultivation in summer. Now, let us get into the full details of profitable Tomato farming expenses and income, returns of 1 acre cultivation.
Tomato is a common ingredient as a vegetable in every household and in almost all the dishes. They are the rich source of various proteins, vitamins, and minerals. Tomatoes can grow in various environmental conditions. Tomato is cultivated throughout the year in all the seasons. However, a farmer can get high and good yields if it is cultivated in winter or spring seasons. In the rainy season, it is grown during the months of June to July, in the spring season, it is cultivated in October to November and in summer season tomato farming is done from January to February. As you read through, you can get to know the project report for Tomato cultivation for 1 acre with all the economics.
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Brief about Tomato farming: Wide range of Tomatoes is available commonly in the market nowadays. They include cherry tomatoes, green tomatoes, purple tomatoes, sweet tomatoes, etc. However, round wild variety is the most preferred one. Therefore, we will let you know the economics of 1 acre regular tomato cultivation. In India, according to Indiastat, are under Tomato cultivation is 814000 ha during 2018 – 19 and the production is 20515000 MT (metric tons). Whereas, the average productivity of tomato by the Indian farmers is about 25.2 tonnes/ha. The area of production, as well as the productivity of Tomatoes, are an increase from the past 10 years.
The total duration of Tomato commercial cultivation is about 110 to 140 days. However, yielding starts after 50 to 60 days of sowing. The picking is done for every 10 to 15 days interval from the date of 1st picking. Likewise, a farmer can go for picking for about five times until the last harvest. The farmer can get a total yield of 8 to 12 tonnes/ acre. However, it may from season to season and region to region. In this post, we will let you know the crop cultivation economics with average data despite season and region.
Tomato seed varieties:
The tomato seed varieties also vary from region to region and season to season. Below is the brief list of various tomato varieties suitable for different seasons.
Rainfed Tomato varieties:
- Pusa early dwarf
Winter or spring season Tomato varieties
- Pusa early dwarf
Tomato cultivars for the Summer season
- PKU – 1
Hybrid Tomato varieties
- Avinash 2
- BSS – 20
- MTH – 1, 2, 6
- MS – 618
- MU – 440
Tomato varieties suitable for processing
- The above-given hybrid cultivars are mostly suitable for processing and salad making purposes.
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Tomato varieties suitable for long storage life (room temperature for 8 to 10 days)
- Arka source
- Other hybrid varieties
Cost of Tomato seed for 1 acre:
Tomato seed rate for 1 acre is 200 gm, whereas it is only about 60 to 80 grams for hybrid varieties. The cost of tomato seeds for 1 acre cultivation is about Rs. 300 for good quality tomato seed.
Cost of seed treatment for Tomato production:
Seed treatment is done with thiram @ 3g/ kg seed or metalaxyl @ 3 g/ kg seed to control soil and seed borne plant pathogens and Imidacloprid @ 5 g/ kg seed to control the sucking pests. In addition, you can also go for Trichoderma seed treatment @ 4 g/ kg seed. All these seed treatments incur a cost of approximately Rs. 250 only for 1 acre.
Cost of ploughing in 1 ac Tomato field:
For ploughing in 1 acre and 4X1 nursery seedbed making, it incurs around Rs. 1000 which includes labor cost as well as machinery rental charges.
Cost of transplanting:
Cost of transplanting in Tomato crop incurs about Rs. 500 for two men labors for 1 acre area.
Cost of labor in 1 acre Tomato cultivation:
Labors are needed for every 15 days interval to do intercultural operations where we require 16labourers of 8 men and 8 women. Male labor costs Rs. 250 whereas female labor costs about Rs. 200. Therefore, the total cost of labor in Tomato cultivation is about Rs. 3600.
Cost of Miscellaneous operations in Tomato farming:
In tomato cultivation in 1 acre, there are various miscellaneous costs include viz., the rental cost of equipment’s and machinery, electricity costs for supplying water or irrigation costs and other various activities. For 120 days of 1 acre tomato farming, it costs up to Rs. 4000 for all miscellaneous farm works.
The rental cost of land:
Even though we do tomato cultivation in 1 acre, we must include the average rental costs of the 1 acre land for specific months or duration of the crop. It may be different from region to region. But, on average, it is around Rs. 6000 in 1 care tomato cultivation.
Cost of pesticides:
Pesticides include various types of insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, acaricides, and nematicides. Those pesticides are used during seed treatment, pre-emergence spray to control weeds, to control insect pests and various types of microbial diseases. In addition, nowadays, many nematodes are infesting the vegetable crops especially tomatoes, therefore, in the present past, many farmers are also spraying various nematodes in order to control nematodes. Therefore, the costs of pesticides in 1 acre tomato farming incurs around Rs. 3500.
Cost of harvesting in tomato farming:
It costs about Rs. 500 for harvesting equipment like bags and etc and other labor costs which are included below. The total cost of harvesting is Rs. 500.
Cost of marketing:
In the recent past, many corporate supermarkets and companies are procuring their produce like vegetables and like a tomato from the farmer’s field itself. Therefore, there is no incur in marketing costs. However, in some regions, where farmers are cultivating in less area or far area, the farmers have to sell their produce at the nearby local vegetable markets. As 4 pickings are done to harvest tomatoes. Therefore, in order to market tomatoes, it incurs about Rs.2500.
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The total cost of tomato cultivation in 1 acre:
The above-mentioned details are included for the total cost of tomatoes.
Tomato seed cost for 1 acre: 300
Cost of seed treatment: 250
Cost of ploughing in 1 ac Tomato field: 1000
Cost of transplanting: 500
Labor cost in 1 acre Tomato cultivation: 3600
Miscellaneous operations: 4000
The rental/lease cost of the land: 6000
Pesticides cost in 1 acre: 3500
Cost of harvesting: 500.
Cost of marketing: 2500.
The total cost of tomato in 1 acre: Rs. 30,150.
Therefore, the total cost of Tomato cultivation in 1 acre is around Rs.30150. let us consider it as C or cost
Income returns in 1 acre Tomato farming: From 1 acre tomato farming with 4 pickings, the farmer can be able to get around 10 tonnes/acre or 10000 kg/acre. The average cost of 1 kg tomato is Rs. 15/kg (we took the minimal price). Therefore, 15 X 10,000 = Rs. 1,50,000. Therefore, total earnings from 1 acre tomato cultivation are Rs. 1,50,000. Let us consider it a B or benefit.
Total profits in 1 acre tomato farming: Total profit is a difference in the cost and the benefit or the cost-benefit ration also known as C: B ratio.
Profit = B – C = Rs.15,000 – Rs. 30,150 = Rs. 1,19,850.
Therefore, the farmer can around Rs. 1,20,000 from 1 acre tomato cultivation on an average. It means the income of a farmer is around Rs. 30,000 per month for 4 months.
Conclusion of Tomato farming profits:
This is all about 1 acre tomato cultivation costs and benefits with average income. Comment below if you have any queries.
That’s all folks, hope it helps you to know the basics of tomato profit per acre along with the cost of cultivation of Tomatoes.
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